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Publication
Journal: Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea)
January/16/2020
Publication
Journal: Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea)
January/16/2020
Abstract
This corrects the article on p. 496 in vol. 15, PMID: 31591838.
Publication
Journal: Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea)
January/16/2020
Abstract
This corrects the article on p. 454 in vol. 15, PMID: 31591832.
Publication
Journal: Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea)
January/16/2020
Publication
Journal: Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea)
January/16/2020
Publication
Journal: Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea)
January/16/2020
Publication
Journal: Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea)
January/16/2020
Publication
Journal: Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea)
January/16/2020
Publication
Journal: Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea)
January/16/2020
Publication
Journal: The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
January/16/2020
Abstract
Sickle cell disease is an inherited autosomal recessive blood condition and is one of the most prevalent genetic blood diseases worldwide. Acute chest syndrome is a frequent complication of sickle cell disease, as well as a major cause of morbidity and the greatest single cause of mortality in children with sickle cell disease. Standard treatment may include intravenous hydration, oxygen as treatment for hypoxia, antibiotics to treat the infectious cause and blood transfusions may be given. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2010 and updated in 2016.To assess the effectiveness of blood transfusions, simple and exchange, for treating acute chest syndrome by comparing improvement in symptoms and clinical outcomes against standard care.We searched The Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group's Haemoglobinopathies Trials Register, which comprises references identified from comprehensive electronic database searches and handsearching of relevant journals and abstract books of conference proceedings. Date of the most recent search: 30 May 2019.Randomised controlled trials and quasi-randomised controlled trials comparing either simple or exchange transfusion versus standard care (no transfusion) in people with sickle cell disease suffering from acute chest syndrome.Both authors independently selected trials and assessed the risk of bias, no data could be extracted.

MAIN RESULTS
One trial was eligible for inclusion in the review. While in the multicentre trial 237 people were enrolled (169 SCC, 42 SC, 15 Sβ⁰-thalassaemia, 11Sβ+-thalassaemia); the majority were recruited to an observational arm and only ten participants met the inclusion criteria for randomisation. Of these, four were randomised to the transfusion arm and received a single transfusion of 7 to 13 mL/kg packed red blood cells, and six were randomised to standard care. None of the four participants who received packed red blood cells developed acute chest syndrome, while 33% (two participants) developed acute chest syndrome in standard care arm. No data for any pre-defined outcomes were available.

We found only one very small randomised controlled trial; this is not enough to make any reliable conclusion to support the use of blood transfusion. Whilst there appears to be some indication that chronic blood transfusion may play a roll in reducing the incidence of acute chest syndrome in people with sickle cell disease and albeit offering transfusions may be a widely accepted clinical practice, there is currently no reliable evidence to support or refute the perceived benefits of these as treatment options; very limited information about any of the potential harms associated with these interventions or indeed guidance that can be used to aid clinical decision making. Clinicians should therefore base any treatment decisions on a combination of; their clinical experience, individual circumstances and the unique characteristics and preferences of adequately informed people with sickle cell disease who are suffering with acute chest syndrome. This review highlights the need of further high quality research to provide reliable evidence for the effectiveness of these interventions for the relief of the symptoms of acute chest syndrome in people with sickle cell disease.
Publication
Journal: Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery : TJTES
January/16/2020
Abstract
Turkey is an experienced country for both military and civilian mass casualties that arise from explosions and shootings by various terrorist groups. In this study, we aimed to investigate the characteristics of patient flow admitted to our hospital caused by primarily gunshot wounds during the coup attempts on the 15th of July.This descriptive, retrospective study included a total of 50 patients who were injured during a coup attempt on the date of July 15, 2016, and admitted to our emergency department (ED). Demographic characteristics, anatomical injury sites, postoperative clinical outcomes, and hospitalization settings were recorded. The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS), Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS), Revised Trauma Score (RTS) and Injury Severity Score (ISS) were used to measure the severity of injuries.A total of 63 medical personnel voluntarily reached the ED within two hours. Extremity injuries were the most common injuries. The mean RTS, GCS, and TRISS scores did not differ significantly between the patients discharged from the ED and the patients who were hospitalized (p>0.05). However, there was a statistically significant difference in the ISS scores (p<0.001, independent t-test). There was no statistically significant difference in the GCS and RTS scores between the discharged and hospitalized patients, although the ISS scores were higher in hospitalized patients (p>0.05 and p<0.001, respectively). A total of 33 patients (66%) were admitted to the hospital for follow-up and/or surgical intervention. Five (10%) of the patients were hospitalized for more than 14 days.The management of each disaster is unique. Armed conflicts result in gunshot wounds, and preparations must be focused on surge capacity and a prolonged hospital stay of the patients. In our study, the length of stay in the hospital decreased after the arrival of volunteer staff to the ED, but we should note that the ISS increased. Hospital disaster plans should be reorganized not only for ED but also for the whole hospital.
Publication
Journal: Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea)
January/16/2020
Abstract
The role of low-frequency repetitive transcranial stimulation (rTMS) in drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) has been conflicting and inconclusive in previous clinical trials. This meta-analysis evaluated the efficacy of rTMS on seizure frequency and epileptiform discharges in DRE.A standard meta-analysis protocol was registered in the International Prospective Register of Ongoing Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO: CRD42018088544). After performing a comprehensive literature search using specific keywords in MEDLINE, the Cochrane database, and the International Clinical Trial Registry Platform (ICTRP), reviewers assessed the eligibility and extracted data from seven relevant clinical trials. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines were followed in the selection, analysis, and reporting of findings. A random-effects model was used to estimate the effect size as the mean difference in seizure frequency and interictal epileptiform discharges between the groups. Quality assessment was performed using a risk-of-bias assessment tool, and a meta-regression was used to identify the variables that probably influenced the effect size.

RESULTS
The random-effects model analysis revealed a pooled effect size of -5.96 (95% CI= -8.98 to -2.94), significantly favoring rTMS stimulation (p=0.0001) over the control group with regard to seizure frequency. The overall effect size for interictal epileptiform discharges also significantly favored rTMS stimulation (p<0.0001), with an overall effect size of -9.36 (95% CI=-13.24 to -5.47). In the meta-regression, the seizure frequency worsened by 2.00±0.98 (mean±SD, p=0.042) for each week-long lengthening of the posttreatment follow-up period, suggesting that rTMS exerts only a short-term effect.

This meta-analysis shows that rTMS exerts a significant beneficial effect on DRE by reducing both the seizure frequency and interictal epileptiform discharges. However, the meta-regression revealed only an ephemeral effect of rTMS.
Publication
Journal: Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea)
January/16/2020
Abstract
An epidural blood patch (EBP) is a highly effective therapy for spinal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. However, the factors predicting the response to an EBP have not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to elucidate factors predicting the response to an EBP.We retrospectively examined the relationship between the response to an EBP and clinical variables of 118 patients with spinal CSF leakage, such as patient age, sex, etiology, interval from the onset to EBP application, CSF opening pressure (OP), radioisotope (RI) cisternography findings, rate of RI remaining in the CSF space, computed tomography (CT) myelography findings, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, and subjective symptoms (headache, vertigo/dizziness, visual disturbance, nausea, numbness, nuchal pain, back pain/lumbago, fatigability, photophobia, and memory disturbance). The correlations between these variables and the responses to EBPs were analyzed statistically.

RESULTS
A positive response to an EBP was significantly (p<0.05) correlated with the following variables: <1.5 years from the onset to EBP application, age <40 years, CSF OP <7 cm H₂O, epidural CSF leakage in RI cisternography, epidural CSF collection in MRI, <20% RI remaining after 24 hours, orthostatic headache, nausea, nuchal pain, and photophobia. The other variables did not show significant correlations with the responses to EBPs.

It might be prudent to take the following variables into account when applying an EBP to treat spinal CSF leakage: the interval from the onset to EBP application, age, CSF OP, epidural CSF leakage in RI, epidural CSF collection in MRI, rate of remaining RI, orthostatic headache, nuchal pain, photophobia, and nausea.
Publication
Journal: Thrombosis and haemostasis
January/16/2020
Abstract
Individuals with type-1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) have a higher risk of thrombosis and low plasma magnesium concentrations. As magnesium is a known regulator of fibrin network formation, we investigated potential associations between fibrin clot properties and plasma magnesium concentrations in 45 individuals with T1DM and 47 age- and sex-matched controls without diabetes. Fibrin clot characteristics were assessed using a validated turbidimetric assay and associations with plasma magnesium concentration were examined. Plasma concentrations of fibrinogen, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), and lipids were measured and fibrin fiber diameters assessed using scanning electron microscopy. Fibrin clot maximum absorbance was unchanged in subjects with T1DM compared with controls, while lysis time was prolonged (p = 0.0273). No differences in fibrin fiber diameters or in lipid profile were observed between T1DM and controls. PAI-1 concentration was lower in the T1DM group compared with the controls (p = 0.0232) and positively correlated with lysis time (p = 0.0023). Plasma magnesium concentration was lower in the T1DM group compared with controls (p < 0.0001). Magnesium concentration negatively correlated with clot maximum absorbance (p = 0.0215) and lysis time (p = 0.0464). A turbidimetric fibrin clot lysis assay performed in a purified system that included PAI-1 and 0 to 3.2 mM Mg2+ showed a shortening of lysis time with increasing Mg2+ concentrations (p = 0.0004). Our findings reveal that plasma magnesium concentration is associated with changes in fibrin clot and lysis parameters.
Publication
Journal: Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery : TJTES
January/16/2020
Abstract
This study aims to investigate the factors associated with mortality in patients with traumatic diaphragmatic rupture (TDR).The records of patients who were operated on at a single hospital with the indication of blunt or penetrating thoracoabdominal injuries between January 2010 and June 2018 and who were perioperatively diagnosed with a diaphragmatic injury were evaluated retrospectively. The details of demographic characteristics, the type and localization of the trauma, presence and number of associated organ injuries, vital signs at admission, time from admission until surgery, type of operation, type of diaphragmatic repair, therapeutic approach, complications and Injury Severity Score (ISS) were analyzed.A total of 92 patients were included in this study. The mortality rate throughout the postoperative period was 15.2%. A penetrating injury was detected in 77.2% of the patients. Associated organ injury was most frequently in the liver, which was significant as a factor that increased mortality (p=0.020). The mortality rate was significantly lower among patients who underwent repair of diaphragmatic rupture when compared with untreated patients (p=0.003). Atelectasis was the most common complication. An ISS ≥24 points in patients with TDR was found to be an independent risk factor associated with mortality (p=0.003).Other organs are frequently involved in cases of TDR, and mortality increased significantly in cases with associated liver injury. An ISS of ≥24 was determined to be an independent risk factor associated with mortality. Since the main determinant of mortality was the presence or absence of additional organ injuries, it is important that this should be taken into consideration in these patients.
Publication
Journal: Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea)
January/16/2020
Abstract
Previous studies have explored the association between retinal vascular changes and cognitive impairment. The retinal vasculature shares some characteristics with the cerebral vasculature, and quantitative changes in it could indicate cognitive impairment. Hence, a comprehensive meta-analysis was performed to clarify the potential relationship between retinal vascular geometric changes and cognitive impairment.Relevant databases were scrupulously and systematically searched for retinal vascular geometric changes including caliber, tortuosity, and fractal dimension (FD), and for cognitive impairment. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used to evaluate the methodological quality of included studies. RevMan was used to perform the meta-analysis and detect publication bias. Sensitivity analyses were also performed.

RESULTS
Five studies that involved 2,343 subjects were finally included in the meta-analysis. The results showed that there was no significant association between central retinal artery equivalents (Z=1.17) or central retinal venular equivalents (Z=1.74) and cognitive impairment (both p>0.05). Similarly, no significant difference was detected in retinal arteriolar tortuosity (Z=0.91) and venular tortuosity (Z=1.31) (both p>0.05). However, the retinal arteriolar FD (mean difference: -0.03, 95% CI: -0.05, -0.01) and venular FD (mean difference: -0.03, 95% CI: -0.05, -0.02) were associated with cognitive impairment.

A smaller retinal microvascular FD might be associated with cognitive impairment. Further large-sample and well-controlled original studies are required to confirm the present findings.
Publication
Journal: Journal of clinical neurology (Seoul, Korea)
January/16/2020
Abstract
This study aimed to determine the effects of lamotrigine (LTG) on language unction, including problem-solving abilities, in newly diagnosed pediatric epileptic patients.This study included 112 newly diagnosed epileptic patients treated with LTG [69 males and 43 females aged 9.6±2.7 years (mean±SD)]. Repeated neurologic examinations, electroencephalography, neuroimaging studies, and standard language tests including the Test of Problem Solving (TOPS), mean length of utterance in words (MLU-w), Receptive and Expressive Vocabulary Test (REVT), and Urimal Test of Articulation and Phonology were performed before and after initiating LTG treatment. The starting LTG dosage was 1 mg/kg/day (maximum: 25 mg/day) for the first 14 days, which was increased to 2 mg/kg/day for the subsequent 14 days and then up to 7 mg/kg/day (or 200 mg/day) for maintenance.

RESULTS
Problem-solving skills as assessed by TOPS scores significantly improved after initiating LTG treatment (33.5±14.5 vs. 35.7±14.25, p<0.01). Scores in the "determining causes" category (11.9±4.7 vs. 12.9±4.8, p<0.01), "making inferences" category (12.9±6.2 vs. 13.6±6.0, p<0.05), and "predicting" category (8.9±5.4 vs. 9.7±5.6, p<0.01) significantly improved after LTG treatment. The MLU-w score did not decrease after LTG treatment (4.7±1.9 vs. 5.0±2.1). There was a significant improvement in receptive language function as assessed using the REVT score (9.4±3.4 years vs. 9.9±3.3 years, p<0.01). Precise articulation also improved after initiating LTG treatment (97.8% vs. 98.5%).

Language function including problem-solving skills improved after LTG treatment, suggesting that LTG can be administered without causing significant negative effects on language function in pediatric patients.
Publication
Journal: Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery : TJTES
January/16/2020
Abstract
This single-center, retrospective study aims to analyze the sociodemographic, injury characteristics, and the total number of lost working days of patients undergoing hand flexor tendon repair and to identify factors predicting reoperation.Hand flexor tendon repairs conducted using a four-strand modified Kessler core suture with early rehabilitation from January 2013 to December 2016 were included in this study. The variables evaluated in this study were patient sociodemographic and injury characteristics, number of lost working days, and reoperations because of rupture and/or adhesion formation. Injury severity was determined using Modified Hand Injury Severity Scoring (MHISS). Binary logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify the predictors of reoperation.A total of 194 patients were included in this study, who had experienced 329 tendon injuries. Participants were young (mean age, 31.8), mostly male (79.4%), and mostly blue-collar workers (50.0%). Most patients had a zone 2 injury affecting a single digit of the dominant hand. The mean MHISS value was 46.6, and the mean time to return to work was 114.0 days. A total of 37 (19.1%) patients required reoperation because of rupture and/or adhesion formation. Smoking, zone 2 injury, and high MHISS value were negative predictors of reoperation.To minimize the need for reoperation, surgeons and rehabilitation teams should take special care of patients with zone 2 injuries, high MHISS values, and smoking history.
Publication
Journal: Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery : TJTES
January/16/2020
Abstract
The present study aims to analyze blunt and penetrating abdominal traumas that were evaluated in our emergency department, the treatment approaches and risk factors of mortality.Six hundred and sixty-four patients were admitted to our emergency department for surgical evaluation for trauma between January 2009 and April 2019. After the exclusion of dead on arrival, patients with missing data and patients without abdominal trauma were excluded from this study. Hundred and thirteen patients with abdominal trauma admitted to our department were evaluated in this study. Demographic, clinical, prognostic and mortality related factors were retrospectively analyzed.The mean age of the patients was 36.08±16.1 years. There were 90 male patients. Eighty patients (70.8%) had blunt abdominal trauma (BAT). Twenty-eight patients (24.7%) had isolated liver and two patients (1.7%) had isolated spleen injury. Combined liver and spleen injury was found in two patients (1.7%). Twenty-two (19.4%) patients had mortality. Causes of mortality were an irreversible hemorrhagic shock (40.9%) and central nervous system (13.6%) injuries. BAT was the main mechanism of injury in patients with mortality (86.4% versus 67%; p<0.001). The frequency of retroperitoneal injury was significantly higher in patients with mortality (50% versus 16.5%, p<0.001). The frequency of extra-abdominal injury in patients with mortality was higher (68.1% versus 49.4%; p=0.047). Mean arterial pressure at admission was found to be significantly lower in patients with mortality (67±26.8 mmHg versus 84.3±17 mmHg; p=0.02). The number of packed erythrocytes transfused in patients with mortality was higher (8.8±8.6 versus 3.3±5.9 units; p=0.047). Mean international normalized ratio (INR) was significantly higher in patients with mortality (4.3±7.1 versus 2.7±4; p=0.016). Mean lactate dehydrogenase level was higher in patients with mortality (1685.7±333.8 versus 675.8±565.3 IU/mL; p<0.001). Mean alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was significantly higher in patients with mortality (430±619 versus 244±448 IU/mL; p<0.001). Mean alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level in patients with mortality was higher (76.9±72.8 versus 67.3±27.8 IU/mL; p=0.003). The presence of retroperitoneal injury and ALT >516 IU/mL were independent risk factors o mortality.We have found certain laboratory variables to increase in patients with mortality. These are related to the severity of trauma. Retroperitoneal injury and increased ALT levels being risk factors of mortality is the most important finding of this study. Our results can guide other centers in the evaluation of trauma patients, and high-risk groups can be identified.
Publication
Journal: Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery : TJTES
January/16/2020
Abstract
The incidence of abdominal wall hematomas increased after the introduction of anticoagulant and antiplatelet drugs in clinical practice. These patients are usually old, and they have more than one comorbidity. Most spontaneous hematomas tend to limit itself and conservative treatment with close follow up is usually enough, but surgery is an option that should be decided critically. Unnecessary surgical interventions could worsen the situation. The present study aims to analyze the results of patients under anticoagulant/antiplatelet treatment and with spontaneous abdominal wall hematomas from surgeons' perspective.This is a retrospective study that the medical records of 43 patients who were under anticoagulant/antiplatelet therapy and consulted our general surgery clinic because of the spontaneous abdomen and abdominal wall hematoma between January-2016 and September-2018 were reviewed.The findings showed that most of the cases were presented with abdominal pain. Thirty of these patients were female (69.7%). The mean age was 69.32 years. More than half of the patients (58.1%) were referred from the emergency department. All of the cases were under anticoagulant and antiplatelet treatment for several reasons. With presenting signs and symptoms and after evaluation of laboratory tests, computed tomography was performed to 30 patients (69.7%) as an initial test. USG and MRI were the other methods used. The most common diagnosis was rectus sheath hematoma (n=16; 37.2%) and followed by intestinal and colon wall, lumbar, psoas, pelvic and retroperitoneal hematoma in decreasing order. Among 43 patients, 39 patients (90.6%) followed with conservative treatment and two patients were treated with transcatheter arterial embolization. Two patients (4.6%) were died on day 1 and 11 after diagnosis. No surgery needed for all patients.Early recognition, hospitalization of risky patients, close follow-up of hemodynamic parameters, patients' response to conservative treatment and minimal invasive methods are key points. Conservative care is the choice of treatment, but surgery must always keep in mind in hemodynamic unstable patients.
Publication
Journal: Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery : TJTES
January/16/2020
Abstract
Acute pancreatitis is a common disease seen in emergency departments because of abdominal pain. The present study aims to evaluate the relation between measurements of thiol-disulfide parameters in patients diagnosed with acute pancreatitis and other blood parameters.A total of 56 (56%) patients, who were admitted to the emergency department, and 44 (44%) healthy volunteers participated in this study. A total of 100 samples were taken from the participants. Detailed blood samples were taken from the patients at the time of arrival at the hospital. The thiol-disulfide level in serum was examined using a brand new method that was developed by Erel and Neşelioğlu in the venous blood samples of the patients who were diagnosed with acute pancreatitis during the admission. The data were evaluated in the computer medium.Gallstones were defined as the etiology of AP in 41 patients (73.2%); in one patient, hypertriglyceridemia (1.7%); in four patients, alcohol use (7.1%), and idiopathic 10 patients (17.8%). While the blood thiol levels were low, the disulfide levels were high at a significant level. No statistically significant relations were detected between the amylase, lipase, neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR), which are other blood parameters, and thiol-disulfide balance parameters.The disruption of the thiol-disulfide balance may play a role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. In acute pancreatitis, since the thiol level is decreased in the blood, administration of the complementary therapies for this thiol deficiency may contribute to the treatment of the disease.
Publication
Journal: Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery : TJTES
January/16/2020
Abstract
Cognitive dysfunction in the early postoperative course is common for the elderly population. Anesthetic management may affect postoperative cognitive decline. Effective analgesia, early recovery and modulation of the stress response are advantages of neuraxial blocks. This study aims to compare the effects of general anesthesia and the combination of general anesthesia with epidural analgesia for postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). We hypothesized that neuraxial block combined with general anesthesia (GA) would have a favorable influence on POCD prevention.Patients above 60 years undergoing non-cardiac surgery were included in this randomized, prospective study and randomized into two groups. Patients in the first group (GI) were treated under GA, whereas in the second group (GII), epidural analgesia was combined with GA. Patients' cognitive function was assessed before and one week after surgery using a neuropsychological test battery. POCD was defined as a drop of one standard deviation from baseline on two or more tests.A total of 116 patients were allocated for the final analysis. Demographic and operative data were similar between groups, except maximum pain scores, which were significantly higher in GI than GII (4.9±2.8 vs. 1.7±1.7; p<0.001, respectively). The incidence of POCD was comparable between groups (26% in GI and 24% in GII). Memory performance, visuospatial functions, and language skills tests were significantly higher in GII compared to GI.General anesthesia and epidural analgesia combined with general anesthesia resulted in similar POCD in elderly patients undergoing abdominal surgery. However, in combined anesthesia group memory, language skills and visuospatial functions appeared to be better preserved. Effective pain control might contribute to preventing cognitive decline in some domains.
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Publication
Journal: Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery : TJTES
January/16/2020
Abstract
Although traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important problem, there has been no widespread utilization of neuro-biomarkers to aid the diagnosis of TBI. This study was conducted to evaluate serum S100B and prion protein (PrPC) levels in rats with TBI.In this study, 15 albino rats were categorized into three groups as follows: sham-operated (1), control (6) and trauma (8) groups. The TBI model was based on the modified free falling model. S100B, PrPC levels were measured using ELISA. Brain specimens were obtained for the pathological examination.Serum S100B and PrPC levels were found to increase in T group at both 2h and 24h after trauma (p<0.002, p<0.002, respectively). We also found higher histopathological injury scores of brain tissues in the T group. Only a positive correlation was found between serum PrPC levels and the extent of brain injury (p=0.039, r=0.731). Using ROC analysis, among the two serum markers investigated, both of them revealed the same sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing TBI.The changes in serum S100B and PrPC levels showed good sensitivity in our experimental model. Therefore, PrPC could be helpful in the early prognostic prediction in patients with TBI. Further studies are needed to test our findings in humans following TBI (penetrating bodies, blunt trauma) to definitively acknowledge it as a reliable biomarker and its subsequent diagnostic utility.
Publication
Journal: Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery : TJTES
January/16/2020
Abstract
The Mangled Extremity Severity Score is a decision-making tool for limb amputation after trauma. The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire was developed to quantify posttraumatic functional deficits of the upper extremity. This study aims to determine the correlation between these two assessments.In this study, a retrospective review of all patients with upper extremity injuries who had been treated with vascular reconstruction at two centres between 2005 and 2014 was performed. The respective Mangled Extremity Severity Score was calculated for each participant. Patients were recalled for follow-up examination and assessment of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Score.In this study, 14 patients met the inclusion criteria. The mean total Mangled Extremity Severity Score was 5.9 and the mean total Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Score was 30 points. There was no statistically significant correlation between these assessments (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient: 0.49, p=0.075).The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Score did not correlate significantly with the Mangled Extremity Severity Score.
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