In this study, a simple, one-pot, and eco-friendly biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) was accomplished with the use of aqueous leaves extract of Cestrum nocturnum L.(AECN). Different techniques like ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectrophotometry, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and scanning area electron diffraction were used to investigate the optical, operational, and physical properties of the green synthesized AECN-AgNPs.The AECN-AgNPs were further used for the detection of Hg2+ by UV-Vis and electrochemical methods. The disintegration of the AECN-AgNPs solution caused the formation of an Ag-Hg amalgam, which caused discoloration of the solution. Sensing performance for a variety of metals such as Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Ni2+, Cu 2+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Co2+, Cd2+, Pb2+, As3+, and Mn2+ at 10-mM concentrations was measured in order to determine the selectivity of the sensor towards the Hg2+. For the electrochemical determination of 2 + Hg2+ , AECN-AgNPs were immobilized on a glassy carbon (GC) electrode, and the resulting modified electrode (GC/AECN-AgNPs) was characterized by cyclic voltammetry. This phenomenon is advantageously used for the sensitive determination of trace level Hg2+. GC/AECN-AgNPs demonstrated a linear calibration range of 100 nM to 10 μM and a limit of detection of 21 nM for Hg2+ determination.
Keywords: Cestrum nocturnum; Cyclic voltammetry; Electrochemical; Glassy carbon; Hg2+sensor; Silver nanoparticles.