vegfa - vascular endothelial growth factor A
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Publication
Journal: PloS one
March/15/2010
Abstract
We have generated a transgenic mouse where hVEGF-A(165) expression has been silenced with loxP-STOP fragment, and we used this model to study the effects of hVEGF-A(165) over-expression in mice after systemic adenovirus mediated Cre-gene transfer. Unlike previous conventional transgenic models, this model leads to the expression of hVEGF-A(165) in only a low number of cells in the target tissues in adult mice. Levels of hVEGF-A(165) expression were moderate and morphological changes were found mainly in the liver, showing typical signs of active angiogenesis. Most mice were healthy without any major consequences up to 18 months after the activation of hVEGF-A(165) expression. However, one mouse with a high plasma hVEGF-A(165) level died spontaneously because of bleeding into abdominal cavity and having liver hemangioma, haemorrhagic paratubarian cystic lesions and spleen peliosis. Also, two mice developed malignant tumors (hepatocellular carcinoma and lung adenocarcinoma), which were not seen in control mice. We conclude that long-term uncontrolled hVEGF-A(165) expression in only a limited number of target cells in adult mice can be associated with pathological changes, including possible formation of malignant tumors and uncontrolled bleeding in target tissues. These findings have implications for the design of long-term clinical trials using hVEGF-A(165) gene and protein.
Publication
Journal: The Journal of veterinary medical science
December/30/2008
Abstract
Angiogenesis is essential for tumor progression and is regulated by several angiogenic factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). We investigated the expression and distribution of VEGF and its receptor flt-1 in twelve normal canine tissues in six beagle dogs using immunohistochemistry, RT-PCR and real-time RT-PCR. Immunochemical staining showed that both VEGF and flt-1 were expressed in many tissues and their mRNAs were detected in all organs examined by RT-PCR. Levels of VEGF164 and flt-1 mRNA expression were high in tissues containing many intensely immunopositive cells. The expression levels of VEGF164 and flt-1 mRNA tended to be similar. These results indicated that VEGF and flt-1 are closely associated in canine, as in human tissues, and quantifying their mRNAs might be helpful in evaluating angiogenesis.
Publication
Journal: Experimental cell research
March/1/2010
Abstract
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is overexpressed during the transition from prostate intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) to invasive carcinoma. We have mimicked such a process in vitro using the PIN-like C3(1)/Tag-derived Pr-111 cell line, which expresses low levels of VEGF and exhibits very low tumorigenicity in vivo. Elevated expression of VEGF164 in Pr-111 cells led to a significant increase in tumorigenicity, invasiveness, proliferation rates and angiogenesis. Moreover, VEGF164 induced strong changes in cell morphology and cell transcriptome through an autocrine mechanism, with changes in TGF-beta1- and cytoskeleton-related pathways, among others. Further analysis of VEGF-overexpressing Pr-111 cells or following exogenous addition of recombinant VEGF shows acquisition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) features, with an increased expression of mesenchymal markers, such as N-cadherin, Snail1, Snail2 (Slug) and vimentin, and a decrease in E-cadherin. Administration of VEGF led to changes in TGF-beta1 signaling, including reduction of Smad7 (TGF-beta inhibitory Smad), increase in TGF-betaR-II, and translocation of phospho-Smad3 to the nucleus. Our results suggest that increased expression of VEGF in malignant cells during the transition from PIN to invasive carcinoma leads to EMT through an autocrine loop, which would promote tumor cell invasion and motility. Therapeutic blockade of VEGF/TGF-beta1 in PIN lesions might impair not only tumor angiogenesis, but also the early dissemination of malignant cells outside the epithelial layer.
Publication
Journal: FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
January/2/2019
Abstract
Systemic endothelial dysfunction is a key characteristic of preeclampsia (PE), which is a serious disorder of human pregnancy. We have previously reported that high-temperature requirement factor (Htr)A4 is a placenta-specific protease that is secreted into the maternal circulation and significantly up-regulated in PE, especially early-onset PE. We have also demonstrated that high levels of HtrA4 detected in the early onset PE circulation induce endothelial dysfunction in HUVECs. In the current study, we investigated whether HtrA4 could cleave the main receptor of VEGFA, the kinase domain receptor (KDR), thereby inhibiting VEGFA signaling. We first demonstrated that HtrA4 cleaved recombinant KDR in vitro. We then confirmed that HtrA4 reduced the level of KDR in HUVECs and inhibited the VEGFA-induced phosphorylation of Akt kinase, which is essential for downstream signaling. Further functional studies demonstrated that HtrA4 prevented the VEGFA-induced tube formation in HUVECs and dose-dependently inhibited the VEGFA-induced angiogenesis in explants of mouse aortic rings. These data strongly suggest that high levels of HtrA4 in the maternal circulation could cleave the main receptor of VEGFA in endothelial cells to induce a wide-spread impairment of angiogenesis. Our studies therefore suggest that HtrA4 is a potential causal factor of early onset PE.-Wang, Y., La, M., Pham, T., Lovrecz, G. O., Nie, G. High levels of HtrA4 detected in preeclamptic circulation may disrupt endothelial cell function by cleaving the main VEGFA receptor KDR.
Publication
Journal: Oncology reports
September/16/2019
Abstract
Previous research from our group revealed that the long coding RNA (lncRNA) linc01105 is associated with neuroblastoma proliferation and apoptosis, and that its expression is correlated with the International Neuroblastoma Staging System stage. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the functions of Linc01105 in neuroblastoma. Lentivirus‑mediated linc01105 knockdown was performed in the neuroblastoma cell line SH‑SY5Y. The expression levels of linc01105 and of other associated genes were measured by reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR. Cell Counting Kit‑8 assay and flow cytometry were used to determine cell viability and apoptosis. The levels of proteins were detected using western blot analysis. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assays were used to examine the relationship between linc01105, miR‑6769b‑5p and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA). Angiogenesis ability was measured using a tube formation assay. The results demonstrated that HIF‑1α overexpression promoted the transcription of linc01105 by acting as a transcription factor. Knockdown of linc01105 inhibited neuroblastoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and it induced apoptosis. In addition, linc01105 affected the expression of p53 and Bcl‑2 family proteins and activated the caspase signaling pathway. Further functional experiments revealed that linc01105 promoted the expression of the miR‑6769b‑5p target gene VEGFA by acting as a sponge of miR‑6769b‑5p. In conclusion, linc01105 may contribute to neuroblastoma tumorigenesis and development. The present findings indicated that the interplay between the p53/caspase pathway and the linc01105/miR‑6769b‑5p/VEGFA axis may have important roles in the development of neuroblastoma.
Publication
Journal: Current topics in medicinal chemistry
November/30/2018
Abstract
Renal Cell Carcinoma is a common type of renal cancer-causing deaths worldwide which is characterized by sustained angiogenesis. VEGF and its receptors play a major role in physiologic and pathologic angiogenesis, which is marked in tumour progression and metastasis development. Induction of VEGF genes occur due to hypoxic condition induced by tumour growth after a critical size in cancerous cell. Signal transduction networks originated by VEGFA/VEGFR2, (a notable ligand-receptor complex in the VEGF system) leads to major angiogenesis events ranging from endothelial cell proliferation, to new vessel formation, Furthermore, differential expression of VEGF-VEGFR mRNA also found in different types of RCC.The aim of present study is to inhibit the VEGFR2 protein by the action of certain inhibitors and then to search an efficient inhibitor.A total of 23 potential inhibitors were searched and used to target the protein using the concept of molecular docking. Among 23 inhibitors, CHEMBL346631 shows best affinity with the target protein and was used for high throughput virtual screening to find similar compounds. The compound obtained from virtual screeningSCHEMBL469307, shows much more better affinity with VEGFR2 than CHEMBL346631.Relative study for both the compounds showed a minor difference in relevant properties. The compound SCHEMBL469307 have a high potential to inhibit the VGFR2 protein and can be backed for future studies in Renal Cell Carcinoma.
Publication
Journal: BMC complementary and alternative medicine
July/5/2019
Abstract
Wumei Pill (WMP), a famous herbal formula, has been widely used to treat digestive system diseases in clinical practice in China for centuries. We have found a correlation between the indications of WMP and the typical symptoms of pancreatic neoplasms. However, the pharmacological mechanisms of WMP still remain unknown.In the present work, we used a network pharmacological method to predict its underlying complex mechanism of treating pancreatic neoplasms. Firstly, we obtained relative compounds of WMP based on TCMSP database, TCM database@Taiwan and TCMID database and collected potential targets of these compounds by target fishing. Then we built the pancreatic neoplasms target database by CTD, TTD, PharmGKB. Based on the matching results between WMP potential targets and pancreatic neoplasms targets, we built a PPI network to analyze the interactions among these targets and screen the hub targets by topology. Furthermore, DAVID bioinformatics resources were utilized for the enrichment analysis on GO_BP and KEGG.A total of 80 active ingredients and 77 targets of WMP were picked out. The results of DAVID enrichment analysis indicated that 58 cellular biological processes (FDR < 0.01) and 17 pathways (FDR < 0.01) of WMP mostly participated in the complex treating effects associated with proliferation, apoptosis, inflammatory response and angiogenesis. Moreover, 17 hub nodes of WMP (PTGS2, BCL2, TP53, IL6, MAPK1, EGFR, EGF, CASP3, JUN, MAPK8, MMP9, VEGFA, TNF, MYC, AKT1, FOS and TGFB1) were recognized as potential targets of treatments, implying the underlying mechanisms of WMP acting on pancreatic neoplasms.WMP could alleviate the symptoms of pancreatic neoplasms through the molecular mechanisms predicted by network pharmacology. This study proposes a strategy to elucidate the mechanisms of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) at the level of network pharmacology.
Publication
Journal: Biochemical and biophysical research communications
November/24/2019
Abstract
Fenestrations in choriocapillaris act as a window for molecular transports between the retina and choroid, and is crucial for maintaining visual function. Plasmalemma vesicle-associated protein (PLVAP) is essential for the development of endothelial fenestrations. There is little knowledge about how the choriocapillaris maintains the fenestrated endothelium. This study aimed to evaluate the role of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGFA)-PLVAP axis in the maintenance of choroidal fenestrations using oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) model. In C57BL/6 J mice, the mice with OIR on postnatal day 12 (P12) presented thicker endothelium and less fenestration compared to the non-OIR mice. However, the OIR on 17 mice showed thinner endothelium with more fenestration compared to OIR on P12. In vivo angiography demonstrated the presence of hyperpermeable choroidal vessels on P17 in OIR mice. These dramatic changes in choriocapillaris were not observed in the BALB/cJ OIR model. The ultrastructural changes in the choriocapillaris were correlated with temporal variations in the expression of VEGFA and PLVAP. VEGFA stimulated expression of PLVAP in the choroidal endothelial cells. Loss of PLVAP disrupts the polarized structure of the choriocapillaris leading to retinal degeneration. These results indicate that the expression of retinal VEGFA is essential for maintaining the structure and function of choriocapillaris by preserving the endothelial PLVAP.
Publication
Journal: The American journal of otology
August/22/2001
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
This study aimed to analyze the localization and distribution of vessels and of these angiogenic growth factors: basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2), transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha), transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in middle ear cholesteatoma in comparison with normal middle ear mucosa and auditory meatal skin.
BACKGROUND
Angiogenesis is particularly important in many normal and pathologic processes, including wound healing and inflammation. Because proliferating tissues require an enhanced blood supply, angiogenesis appears to be a prerequisite for the expansion of cholesteatoma.
METHODS
The expression of FGF-2, TGF-alpha, TGF-beta1, and VEGF was studied by immunohistochemistry. The amount of vessels (collagen type IV staining) was determined by an automatic imaging analyzing system.
RESULTS
The results showed an altered expression and distribution of VEGF, FGF-2, TGF-alpha, and TGF-beta1 in cholesteatoma in relation to middle ear mucosa and auditory meatal skin. The results were consistent with rapidly growing, activated keratinocytes and stromal cells. Vascularization within the perimatrix of cholesteatoma showed a 4.3-fold increase compared with middle ear mucosa and a twofold increase compared with ear canal skin. An increase of 3.2- to 4-fold in the number of vessels was observed. A close relationship was seen between the density of capillaries, degree of inflammation, and expression of the angiogenic factors investigated, and an increased number of microvessels in cholesteatoma tissue.
CONCLUSIONS
Angiogenesis enables and supports the sustained migration of keratinocytes into the middle ear cavity. Therefore, it is a pivotal factor in the destructive behavior of middle ear cholesteatoma.
Publication
Journal: Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi
May/19/2010
Publication
Journal: Arthritis research & therapy
May/19/2010
Abstract
BACKGROUND
The role of adiponectin in the pathogenesis of arthritis is still controversial. This study was performed to examine whether adiponectin is involved in joint inflammation and destruction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in relation to the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs).
METHODS
Synovial cells from RA patients were treated with adiponectin or interleukin (IL)-1beta for 24 hours. The culture supernatant was collected and analyzed for the levels of IL-6, IL-8, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), VEGF, and MMPs by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The levels of adiponectin, VEGF, MMP-1, and MMP-13 in the joint fluids from 30 RA or osteoarthritis (OA) patients were also measured.
RESULTS
Adiponectin at the concentration of 10 microg/mL stimulated the production of IL-6, IL-8, and PGE2 in RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs), although the level of these was much lower than with 1 ng/mL IL-1beta. However, adiponectin stimulated the production of VEGF, MMP-1, and MMP-13 at the same level as IL-1beta. In addition, the level of adiponectin and MMP-1 in the joint fluid of RA patients was significantly higher than in OA patients. Adiponectin was positively correlated with VEGF in RA patients but not in OA patients, while the level of MMPs in joint fluid was not correlated with adiponectin in either RA or OA patients.
CONCLUSIONS
Adiponectin may play a significant role in the pathogenesis of RA by stimulating the production of VEGF and MMPs in FLSs, leading to joint inflammation and destruction, respectively.
Publication
Journal: Journal of cellular and molecular medicine
October/22/2019
Abstract
Ovarian cancer is a leading cause of deaths due to gynaecological malignancy. While endogenous non-coding circular RNAs (circRNAs) in cancer have attracted attention, their roles in ovarian cancer are not known. We used qRT-PCR to quantify expression of circRhoC in ovarian cancer tissues and normal tissues. The effects of overexpressing or destruction of circRhoC on the phenotype of ovarian cancer cells were assessed both in vitro and in vivo. Dual-luciferase reporter assay assesses the microRNA sponge function of circRhoC. Western blotting was used to confirm the effects of circRhoC and microRNA on target gene expression. Our results showed that circRhoC was significantly up-regulated in ovarian cancer tissues compared to normal ovarian tissues. Overexpression of circRhoC in CAOV3 ovarian cancer cell increased cell viability, migration and invasion ability; destroying circRhoC in A2780 had the opposite effects and inhibited ovarian tumour cell A2780 dissemination in the peritoneum in vivo. We confirmed circRhoC functions as a sponge for miR-302e to positively regulate VEGFA; FISH experiments showed that circRhoC could co-focal with miR-302e; besides, overexpression of miR-302e reversed the ability of circRhoC to positively regulate VEGFA, and what's more, RIP assay showed that circRhoC could directly bind with VEGFA; besides, VEGFA expression level in ovarian cancer tissues was positively associated with circRhoC expression. In conclusion, the oncogenic effect of RhoC in ovarian cancer is at least in part due to circRhoC, which functions not only as a miR-302e sponge to positively regulate VEGFA protein expression, but may also directly bind and modulate VEGFA expression.
Publication
Journal: Computational biology and chemistry
September/24/2019
Abstract
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is currently a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. This study aimed to screen critical genes and miRNAs involved in ACS.Microarray data (access number GSE19339) was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. After data preprocessing, we screened the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) using limma package and subsequently performed enrichment analysis using DAVID tool. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and transcription factor (TF)-miRNA-target gene regulatory network were visualized using Cytoscape software. Finally, the drug-gene interactions were predicted using DGIdb database.A total of 425 DEGs were identified in ACS samples compared with healthy control samples. Functional enrichment analysis showed that DEGs were mainly involved in angiogenesis, inflammatory response and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. IL6 and VEGFA were key nodes in PPI network. In addition, hsa-miR-29, hsa-miR-1, NFIC, NFKB1 and RELA were identified as key factors in TF-miRNA-target gene network. Finally, the prediction results revealed that VWF, CXCL8 and IL6 had higher degree than other genes.IL6 and VEGFA might play major roles in ACS progression. Two miRNAs (hsa-miR-29 and hsa-miR-1) and three TFs (NFIC, NFKB1 and RELA) were critical genes involved in pathological process of ACS. VWF, CXCL8 and IL6 might be potential druggable genes for ACS therapy.
Publication
Journal: Pediatric research
September/7/2019
Abstract
To examine which inflammatory markers are associated with bone mass and whether this association varies according to muscular fitness in children with overweight/obesity.Plasma interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), epidermal growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF), and C-reactive protein were analyzed in 55 children aged 8-11 years. A muscular fitness score was computed. Bone mineral content (BMC) of the total body-less head (TBLH) and lumbar spine (LS) were assessed using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry.IL-6 (β = -0.136) and VEGF (β = -0.099) were associated with TBLH BMC, while TNF-α (β = -0.345) and IL-1β (β = 0.212) were associated with LS BMC (P < 0.05). The interaction effect of muscular fitness showed a trend in the association of VEGF with TBLH BMC (P = 0.122) and TNF-α with LS BMC (P = 0.057). Stratified analyses by muscular fitness levels showed an inverse association of VEGF with TBLH BMC (β = -0.152) and TNF-α with LS BMC (β = -0.491) in the low-fitness group, while no association was found in the high-fitness group.IL-6, VEGF, TNF-α, and IL-1β are significantly associated with bone mass. Higher muscular fitness may attenuate the adverse effect of high VEGF and TNF-α on bone mass.
Publication
Journal: BioMed research international
July/30/2019
Abstract
Introduction. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is currently one of the most serious diseases of the central nervous system. To reduce the negative consequences of SAH and help clinicians to assess the patient's condition, there are attempts to search for new diagnostic markers, which quickly and accurately allow for the proper diagnosis. The aim of this research was the concentration and activity of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A (VEGF-A) and selected parameters of coagulation and fibrinolysis in the blood of patients with SAH. Serum levels of VEGF-A in patients diagnosed with SAH are measured to assess the correlation between VEGF-A and the clinical condition of patient. This may help with proper therapeutics and better prognosis. Methods. The study involved 85 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. The control group consisted of 45 healthy subjects, sex and age matched. The following parameters were determined: APTT (Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time), INR (International Normalized Ratio), D-dimers and fibrinogen concentration, and the concentration of VEGF-A by ELISA (R&D USA). Results. The average concentration of VEGF-A in the study group was significantly lower compared to the control group. The D-dimer concentration was higher in patients with SAH but the difference was not significant. Coagulation parameters such as INR, APTT, and fibrinogen did not show significant differences between investigated groups. Conclusions. VEGF-A cannot be an independent marker of SAH. Selected parameters of coagulation and fibrinolysis such as D-dimers, INR, APTT, and fibrinogen should not be used as markers of SAH.
Publication
Journal: European review for medical and pharmacological sciences
July/31/2019
Abstract
To investigate the role of microRNA-15b in diabetic retinopathy and its underlying mechanism.Diabetes rat model was established by streptozotocin injection. The mRNA expression of microRNA-15b in retinal capillary endothelial cells and pericytes of diabetic rats was detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). The mRNA and protein expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. MicroRNA-15b mimics or inhibitor were transfected into retinal capillary endothelial cells and pericytes of diabetic rats, respectively. The mRNA expressions of microRNA-15b and VEGFA were detected by qRT-PCR. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect the proliferation of capillary endothelial cells and pericytes. Dual-Luciferase reporter gene assay was conducted to verify the binding condition of microRNA-15b and VEGFA. RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay was performed to determine whether microRNA-15b could bind to AGO2. Rescue experiments were finally carried out by detecting the proliferation of retinal capillary endothelial cells and pericytes after downregulation or overexpression of microRNA-15b and VEGFA.The expression of microRNA-15b decreased, whereas VEGFA expression increased in retinal capillary endothelial cells and pericytes of diabetic rats. High expression of microRNA-15b in retinal capillary endothelial cells and pericytes resulted in VEGFA down-regulation and decreased proliferation. RIP assay results indicated that microRNA-15b could interact with AGO2. Additionally, Dual-Luciferase reporter gene assay showed that VEGFA is a direct target gene of microRNA-15b. VEGFA overexpression could reverse the inhibited proliferation of retinal capillary endothelial cells and pericytes induced by microRNA-15b overexpression. Similarly, VEGFA knockdown could reverse the effect of the low expression of microRNA-15b on the proliferation of retinal capillary endothelial cells and pericytes.Low expression of microRNA-15b in retinal capillary endothelial cells and pericytes of diabetic rats promotes the development of diabetic retinopathy by up-regulating VEGFA.
Authors
Publication
Journal: Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
April/18/2012
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To investigate the effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) transplantation on the motor function recovery, the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene, and angiogenesis after spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats, and to explore the treatment mechanism of BMSCs in SCI.
METHODS
BMSCs were isolated and cultured from the marrow of 5 Wistar rats (4 weeks old) and the 3rd-4th passage cells were prepared for the experiment. A total of 87 adult female Wistar rats (weighing 220-250 g) were randomly divided into 3 groups: sham-operated group (group A, n=21), DMEM group (group B, n=33), BMSCs group (group C, n=33). A laminectomy was only performed at T8-10 levels in group A. The SCI models were established by modified Nystrom's compression method in groups B and C, and BMSCs and DMEM were injected in groups B and C respectively at 30 minutes after SCI. Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) score was used for the motor function recovery at 3, 7, 14, and 28 days, RT-PCR for the VEGF mRNA at 1, 3, and 5 days, and immunohistochemical staining for angiogenesis at 3, 7, 14, and 28 days.
RESULTS
In groups B and C, the hindlimb locomotor function was improved at different degrees with time, showing significant difference in BBB score between groups B, C and group A (P < 0.05). At 28 days, the BBB score in group C was significantly higher than that in group B (P < 0.05) and there was no significant difference between groups B and C (P > 0.05) at 3, 7, and 14 days after transplantation. The numbers of microvessels in the ventral horns of gray matter around SCI in groups B and C were significantly lower than that in group C (P < 0.05) at 3 days, but there was no significant difference at 7, 14, and 28 days after transplantation (P > 0.05). There was no significant difference in the number of microvessels between group C and group B (P > 0.05) at 3 and 7 days, but the number of microvessels in group C was significantly higher than that in group B (P < 0.05) at 14 and 28 days after transplantation. However, there was no significant difference in the number of microvessels in the white matter around SCI in 3 groups at different time points after transplantation (P > 0.05). The RT-PCR results showed that VEGF mRNA expressed at a low level in group A. Compared with group A, the expression level of VEGF mRNA in groups B and C increased at 1 day and reached the peak at 3 days, then decreased at 5 days after transplantation; and the expression of VEGF mRNA was significantly higher in groups B and C than in group A (P < 0.05), and in group C than in group B (P < 0.05) at 1, 3, and 5 days.
CONCLUSIONS
BMSCs may promote the motor function recovery by up-regulating VEGF mRNA expression and increasing angiogenesis in the spinal cord after SCI in rats.
Publication
Journal: The Journal of infectious diseases
January/10/2001
Abstract
The extracellular activities of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transactivator protein (Tat) include induction of angiogenesis and stimulation of monocyte migration. Here it is shown that polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL), mostly neutrophils, rapidly invade in response to Tat in vivo and initiate the formation of new vessels. In vitro, Tat was chemotactic for PMNL and induced calcium (Ca(2+)) mobilization. Tat proteins with inactivating substitutions in the arginine-glycine-aspartic acid or basic domain were still active in inducing PMNL migration, whereas Tat peptides mapped the migration and Ca(2+) mobilization activity to a cysteine-rich core domain, previously described as a Tat "chemokine-like" region (peptide CysL(24-51)). Tat and the CysL(24-51) peptide also induced PMNL superoxide production and the release of the angiogenic factors interleukin-8 and vascular endothelial growth factor from PMNL. CysL(24-51) did not induce endothelial cell migration but was angiogenic in vivo. These data indicate that the Tat activity on PMNL is mediated by its chemokine-like region and that PMNL recruitment by Tat is linked to angiogenesis.
Publication
Journal: Journal of Korean medical science
October/4/2004
Abstract
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a multi-functional cytokine involved in inflammation, repair and angiogenesis in asthmatic airway. This study aimed to evaluate the role of VEGF in immediate bronchoconstriction induced by TDI inhalation, and in chronic TDI-asthma patients. 11 newly diagnosed TDI-asthma patients (group I), 12 chronic TDI-asthma patients with persistent asthma symptoms followed for >4 yr and 15 unexposed healthy controls were enrolled. In group I, induced sputum and serum were collected before and 7 hr after placebo- and TDI-bronchoprovocation test (BPT). In group II, induced sputum and serum were collected every 2 yr. VEGF levels were measured by ELISA. There were no significant differences in sputum and serum VEGF levels between patients and controls. Before and after placebo and TDI-BPT, no significant changes were noted in sputum and serum VEGF levels of group I. In group II patients, sputum VEGF showed variable changes at 1-yr, then decreased significantly at 2-yr (p<0.05), while serum VEGF showed variable changes at 2-yr, which decreased significantly at 4-yr (p<0.05). These results suggest that VEGF may play a minor role in immediate bronchoconstriction after TDI-BPT. In chronic TDI-asthma, VEGF may be involved to 2 yr after the diagnosis and the contribution may decrease after then.
Publication
Journal: Oncology reports
February/16/2010
Abstract
Lung cancer is one of the most common malignant diseases in the world, and its prognosis is generally poor. Cancer and metastasis involve numerous biological steps, including angiogenesis in both the primary and metastatic sites. Although various molecules that are involved in both tumor neovascularization (angiogenesis) and invasion have been identified, little is known about how these molecules interact in cancerous microenvironments. We previously reported that the gene expressions of some factors associated with vascularization correlated with the prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study, we performed multivariate analysis of the mRNA levels of 10 selected genes [VEGF-A, VEGF121, VEGF165, VEGF189, S100A4, E-cadherin, Thrombospondin (TSP)-1, TSP-2, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, and MMP-9] in 130 NSCLC specimens using the real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Spearman's rank correlation test was used to determine the co-expression patterns. The analysis demonstrated highly significant co-expressions (P<0.0001) among the VEGF isoforms (VEGF-A, VEGF121, VEGF165, and VEGF189). We also analyzed the correlations among the prognosis, gene expressions, clinical factors (age and gender), and pathological features (histological types, TNM status, stages, lymphatic involvement, and venous involvement) using the Cox proportional hazards model. Multivariate analyses showed that only VEGF189 expression was an independent prognostic indicator (P=0.0252). The alternative splicing variant VEGF189, the cell binding isoform, plays a leading role in the progression of NSCLC.
Publication
Journal: Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition
March/31/2010
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To examine the expression of vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) in gliomas of human, and investigate the relationship between VEGF, NGF and pathologic grading as well as tumorigenesis of gliomas.
METHODS
Immunohistochemistry (SP) and Western blot were applied to evaluate the expression of VEGF and NGF in 5 cases of normal controls and 20 cases of human gliomas.
RESULTS
VEGF and NGF were expressed in both normal brain tissues and gliomas. VEGF was observed mainly in the cytoplasm of gliomas, while NGF were occurred in both cytoplasm and nucleus of gliomas. Western blot analysis demonstrated that the expression level of VEGF and NGF was significantly higher than that in normal controls (P< 0.05), and a significant difference in vary pathologic grading gliomas was also observed.
CONCLUSIONS
VEGF and NGF were expressed in both the normal brain tissues and gliomas. The level of VEGF and NGF in gliomas was upregulated than that of the normal controls. The results indicate VEGF and NGF may play an important role in the tumorigenesis of gliomas, and relate to the extent of gliomas malignant.
Publication
Journal: Fertility and sterility
November/18/2004
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To study the regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and thymidine phosphorylase (TP), two angiogenic factors, in cultured endometrial stromal cells. The effects of steroids, E2, and P, the gonadotropin, hCG, and hypoxia were investigated.
METHODS
Quantitative experimental study.
METHODS
Academic medical department.
METHODS
Women undergoing hysterectomy for benign causes.
METHODS
Endometrial cells were collected from subjects and cultured.
METHODS
The secretion of VEGF in supernatant media and the numbers of cells expressing VEGF or TP.
RESULTS
Estradiol increased VEGF secretion and the number of cells that contained VEGF and TP, and those effects were inhibited by hCG. Human chorionic gonadotropin alone could increase number of cells that expressed VEGF and TP. Hypoxia increased both VEGF secretion and number of cells containing VEGF and TP. Progesterone had no observed effect on VEGF secretion or number of VEGF- or TP-containing cells.
CONCLUSIONS
Vascular endothelial growth factor and TP are present in stromal cells of normal endometrium, and E2 may interact with gonadotropins to regulate angiogenic compounds to modulate stromal functioning.
Publication
Journal: Genetics and molecular research : GMR
September/14/2016
Abstract
This report details a study conducted to assess the role of VEGF gene polymorphisms in the prognosis of advanced non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Samples obtained from 210 advanced NSCLC patients admitted at the Huaihe Hospital of Henan University between January 2010 and December 2011 were recruited for this study. The VEGF -2578C/A (rs699947), +936C/T (rs3025039), and -634G/C (rs2010963) genotypes were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. We discovered, by logistic regression analysis, that the TT genotype of VEGF +936C/T was associated with more complete response + partial response to chemotherapy, compared to the CC genotype (odds ratio (OR) = 4.78, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.34-25.85). We also found a correlation between the TT genotype of VEGF +936C/T and lower risk of death from all causes compared to the CC genotype (OR = 0.26, 95%CI = 0.10-0.69), using the Cox proportional hazard model (after adjusting for potential confounding factors). In conclusion, we discovered that the VEGF +936C/T gene polymorphism influences the response to chemotherapy and overall survival of NSCLC patients.
Publication
Journal: Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
July/13/2011
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
The roles of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in tumor angiogenesis is related with Ets family. Elf-1, a member of Ets family, has seldom been studied. This study aimed to investigate the expression of Elf-1 and VEGF in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and explore their correlations to clinicopathologic features of NSCLC.
METHODS
Tissue microarray containing 69 specimens of NSCLC and six specimens of normal lung tissues was constructed. The expression of Elf-1 and VEGF was detected by PowerVision-9000 immunohistochemistry.
RESULTS
Elf-1 and VEGF were not detected in all normal tissues; the positive rates of Elf-1 and VEGF were 72.46% and 63.77% in NSCLC, respectively. The expression levels of both Elf-1 and VEGF were significantly related with tumor differentiation, lymphatic metastasis, clinical stage, and postoperative survival time (all P < 0.01). Overexpression of them was related with poor prognosis: the survival rates were significantly lower in positive patients than in negative patients (both P < 0.01). Elf-1 expression was positively correlated to VEGF expression (r = 0.702, P < 0.01).
CONCLUSIONS
The expression of Elf-1 and VEGF in NSCLC is related to differentiation, lymphatic metastasis, clinical stage and prognosis. Detecting their expression in combination can help to predict the malignant behavior of NSCLC.
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