vegfa - vascular endothelial growth factor A
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Publication
Journal: Developmental cell
November/19/2019
Abstract
Defective coronary network function and insufficient blood supply are both cause and consequence of myocardial infarction. Efficient revascularization after infarction is essential to support tissue repair and function. Zebrafish hearts exhibit a remarkable ability to regenerate, and coronary revascularization initiates within hours of injury, but how this process is regulated remains unknown. Here, we show that revascularization requires a coordinated multi-tissue response culminating with the formation of a complex vascular network available as a scaffold for cardiomyocyte repopulation. During a process we term "coronary-endocardial anchoring," new coronaries respond by sprouting (1) superficially within the regenerating epicardium and (2) intra-ventricularly toward the activated endocardium. Mechanistically, superficial revascularization is guided by epicardial Cxcl12-Cxcr4 signaling and intra-ventricular sprouting by endocardial Vegfa signaling. Our findings indicate that the injury-activated epicardium and endocardium support cardiomyocyte replenishment initially through the guidance of coronary sprouting. Simulating this process in the injured mammalian heart should help its healing.
Publication
Journal: Pediatric research
September/7/2019
Abstract
To examine which inflammatory markers are associated with bone mass and whether this association varies according to muscular fitness in children with overweight/obesity.Plasma interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), epidermal growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF), and C-reactive protein were analyzed in 55 children aged 8-11 years. A muscular fitness score was computed. Bone mineral content (BMC) of the total body-less head (TBLH) and lumbar spine (LS) were assessed using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry.IL-6 (β = -0.136) and VEGF (β = -0.099) were associated with TBLH BMC, while TNF-α (β = -0.345) and IL-1β (β = 0.212) were associated with LS BMC (P < 0.05). The interaction effect of muscular fitness showed a trend in the association of VEGF with TBLH BMC (P = 0.122) and TNF-α with LS BMC (P = 0.057). Stratified analyses by muscular fitness levels showed an inverse association of VEGF with TBLH BMC (β = -0.152) and TNF-α with LS BMC (β = -0.491) in the low-fitness group, while no association was found in the high-fitness group.IL-6, VEGF, TNF-α, and IL-1β are significantly associated with bone mass. Higher muscular fitness may attenuate the adverse effect of high VEGF and TNF-α on bone mass.
Publication
Journal: BMC complementary and alternative medicine
July/5/2019
Abstract
Wumei Pill (WMP), a famous herbal formula, has been widely used to treat digestive system diseases in clinical practice in China for centuries. We have found a correlation between the indications of WMP and the typical symptoms of pancreatic neoplasms. However, the pharmacological mechanisms of WMP still remain unknown.In the present work, we used a network pharmacological method to predict its underlying complex mechanism of treating pancreatic neoplasms. Firstly, we obtained relative compounds of WMP based on TCMSP database, TCM database@Taiwan and TCMID database and collected potential targets of these compounds by target fishing. Then we built the pancreatic neoplasms target database by CTD, TTD, PharmGKB. Based on the matching results between WMP potential targets and pancreatic neoplasms targets, we built a PPI network to analyze the interactions among these targets and screen the hub targets by topology. Furthermore, DAVID bioinformatics resources were utilized for the enrichment analysis on GO_BP and KEGG.A total of 80 active ingredients and 77 targets of WMP were picked out. The results of DAVID enrichment analysis indicated that 58 cellular biological processes (FDR < 0.01) and 17 pathways (FDR < 0.01) of WMP mostly participated in the complex treating effects associated with proliferation, apoptosis, inflammatory response and angiogenesis. Moreover, 17 hub nodes of WMP (PTGS2, BCL2, TP53, IL6, MAPK1, EGFR, EGF, CASP3, JUN, MAPK8, MMP9, VEGFA, TNF, MYC, AKT1, FOS and TGFB1) were recognized as potential targets of treatments, implying the underlying mechanisms of WMP acting on pancreatic neoplasms.WMP could alleviate the symptoms of pancreatic neoplasms through the molecular mechanisms predicted by network pharmacology. This study proposes a strategy to elucidate the mechanisms of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) at the level of network pharmacology.
Publication
Journal: Pigment cell & melanoma research
June/17/2019
Abstract
In response to the dynamic intra-tumor microenvironment, melanoma cells adopt distinct phenotypic states associated with differential expression of the microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF). The response to hypoxia is driven by hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIFs) that reprogram metabolism and promote angiogenesis. HIF1α indirectly represses MITF that can activate HIF1α expression. Although HIF and MITF share a highly related DNA-binding specificity, it is unclear whether they co-regulate subset of target genes. Moreover, the genomewide impact of hypoxia on melanoma and whether melanoma cell lines representing different phenotypic states exhibit distinct hypoxic responses is unknown. Here we show that three different melanoma cell lines exhibit widely different hypoxia responses with only a core 23 genes regulated in common after 12 hr in hypoxia. Surprisingly, under hypoxia MITF is transiently up-regulated by HIF1α and co-regulates a subset of HIF targets including VEGFA. Significantly, we also show that MITF represses itself and also regulates SDHB to control the TCA cycle and suppress pseudo-hypoxia. Our results reveal a previously unsuspected role for MITF in metabolism and the network of factors underpinning the hypoxic response in melanoma.
Publication
Journal: PloS one
June/4/2019
Abstract
To identify maternal plasma protein markers for early preeclampsia (delivery <34 weeks of gestation) and to determine whether the prediction performance is affected by disease severity and presence of placental lesions consistent with maternal vascular malperfusion (MVM) among cases.This longitudinal case-control study included 90 patients with a normal pregnancy and 33 patients with early preeclampsia. Two to six maternal plasma samples were collected throughout gestation from each woman. The abundance of 1,125 proteins was measured using high-affinity aptamer-based proteomic assays, and data were modeled using linear mixed-effects models. After data transformation into multiples of the mean values for gestational age, parsimonious linear discriminant analysis risk models were fit for each gestational-age interval (8-16, 16.1-22, 22.1-28, 28.1-32 weeks). Proteomic profiles of early preeclampsia cases were also compared to those of a combined set of controls and late preeclampsia cases (n = 76) reported previously. Prediction performance was estimated via bootstrap.We found that 1) multi-protein models at 16.1-22 weeks of gestation predicted early preeclampsia with a sensitivity of 71% at a false-positive rate (FPR) of 10%. High abundance of matrix metalloproteinase-7 and glycoprotein IIbIIIa complex were the most reliable predictors at this gestational age; 2) at 22.1-28 weeks of gestation, lower abundance of placental growth factor (PlGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor A, isoform 121 (VEGF-121), as well as elevated sialic acid binding immunoglobulin-like lectin 6 (siglec-6) and activin-A, were the best predictors of the subsequent development of early preeclampsia (81% sensitivity, FPR = 10%); 3) at 28.1-32 weeks of gestation, the sensitivity of multi-protein models was 85% (FPR = 10%) with the best predictors being activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule, siglec-6, and VEGF-121; 4) the increase in siglec-6, activin-A, and VEGF-121 at 22.1-28 weeks of gestation differentiated women who subsequently developed early preeclampsia from those who had a normal pregnancy or developed late preeclampsia (sensitivity 77%, FPR = 10%); 5) the sensitivity of risk models was higher for early preeclampsia with placental MVM lesions than for the entire early preeclampsia group (90% versus 71% at 16.1-22 weeks; 87% versus 81% at 22.1-28 weeks; and 90% versus 85% at 28.1-32 weeks, all FPR = 10%); and 6) the sensitivity of prediction models was higher for severe early preeclampsia than for the entire early preeclampsia group (84% versus 71% at 16.1-22 weeks).We have presented herein a catalogue of proteome changes in maternal plasma proteome that precede the diagnosis of preeclampsia and can distinguish among early and late phenotypes. The sensitivity of maternal plasma protein models for early preeclampsia is higher in women with underlying vascular placental disease and in those with a severe phenotype.
Publication
Journal: Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition
April/30/2019
Abstract
To explore the role mechanism of hsa-miR-302a-3p overexpression in the inhibition of proliferation of gastric cancer cell SGC-7901 by targeted-regulating vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA).

METHODS
The cell transfection was used to transfect hsa-miR-302a-3p mimic into miR mimic group and transfect pc-VEGFA into VEGFA group, and the two genes were co-transfected into miR+VEGFA group. The transfection efficiency was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot. The bioinformatics targeting prediction and fluorescein assay were used to verify the targeting relationship between the two genes. Cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 test, and Transwell assay was used to detect the invasion ability of each group, and scratch assay was used to detect the migration ability of each group. The morphology changes of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in cells were observed under microscope. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression levels of survival-related proteins Ki67 and Caspase-3, EMT-related proteins E-cadherin, Vimentin, N-cadherin and Snail and VEGFA downstream target genes p-P38, p-MAPKAPK and p-Hsp27.

RESULTS
VEGFA was the predicted target site of miR-302a-3p. Compared with control group, the number of cells, the invasion and migration rates were also reduced ( P<0.05) in miR mimic group, and the number of cells was increased ( P<0.05) as well as the invasion and migration rates in VEGFA group. Compared with VEGFA group, the number of cells, the invasion and migration rates were also decreased ( P<0.05) in miR+VEGFA group. The protein expression level of E-cadherin was up-regulated ( P<0.05) while the protein expression levels of Vimentin, N-cadherin and Snail were down-regulated ( P<0.05), and the protein expression levels of p-P38, p-MAPKAPK and p-Hsp27 were also down-regulated ( P<0.05).

CONCLUSION
hsa-miR-302a-3p overexpression can inhibit the proliferation and promote apoptosis of gastric cancer cell SGC-7901 by targeting negative regulation of VEGFA expression.

Publication
Journal: BMC developmental biology
April/6/2019
Abstract
C-lectin family 14 Member A (Clec14a) is a transmembrane protein specifically expressed in vascular endothelial cells during embryogenesis. Previous in vitro and in vivo studies have provided conflicting data regarding Clec14a role in promoting or inhibiting angiogenesis, therefore its functional role in vascular development remains poorly understood.Here we have generated a novel clec14a mutant allele in zebrafish embryos using TALEN genome editing. clec14a mutant embryos exhibit partial defects and delay in the sprouting of intersegmental vessels. These defects in angiogenesis are greatly increased upon the knockdown of a structurally related C1qr protein. Furthermore, a partial knockdown of an ETS transcription factor Etv2 results in a synergistic effect with the clec14a mutation and inhibits expression of early vascular markers in endothelial progenitor cells, arguing that clec14a is involved in promoting vasculogenesis. In addition, Clec14a genetically interacts with Vegfa signaling. A partial knockdown of Vegfaa function in the clec14a mutant background resulted in a synergistic inhibition of intersegmental vessel sprouting.These results argue that clec14a is involved in both vasculogenesis and angiogenesis, and suggest that Clec14a genetically interacts with Etv2 and Vegf signaling during vascular development in zebrafish embryos.
Publication
Journal: Biology of sport
March/22/2019
Abstract
The aim of the present study was to analyse VEGFA rs699947, rs1570360, and rs2010963 polymorphisms with susceptibility to anterior cruciate ligament rupture (ACLR) in a Polish population. The study included 412 physically active Caucasian participants. The study group consisted of 222 individuals with surgically diagnosed primary ACLR qualified for ligament reconstruction (ACLR group). The control group consisted of 190 apparently healthy participants without any history of ACLR (CON group). Three polymorphisms within the VEGFA (rs699947, rs1570360, and rs2010963) gene were chosen for investigation due to their significance in the angiogenesis signalling pathway and previous associations with risk of ACLRs. Both single-locus and haplotype-based analyses were conducted. No significant differences in the allele and genotype frequency distributions were noted for the rs699947 and rs1570360 polymorphisms. In contrast, rs2010963 was associated with risk of ACLR in the codominant (p=0.047) and recessive model (p=0.017). In the latter, the CC genotype was overrepresented among individuals with ACL rupture (23.4% vs 14.2%, OR=1.85 [1.11-3.08]). Two VEGFA haplotypes were associated with ACLR under the additive (global score=11.39, p=0.022) and dominant model (global score=11.61, p=0.020). The [C;G;G] haplotype was underrepresented in the ACLR group (52.2% vs. 60.3%), whereas the [C;G;C] haplotype was overrepresented (2.9% vs 0.5%). The results obtained suggest a potential correlation between the VEGFA rs2010963 polymorphism and ACLR risk, suggesting that harbouring this specific C allele may be an unfavourable risk factor for a knee injury in Caucasian participants from Poland.
Publication
Journal: Cancer letters
February/16/2019
Abstract
Exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation results in multitude of cellular responses including generation of reactive oxygen species and DNA damage and is responsible for non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSCs). Although genetic mutation is well documented, the epi-mutation, the alteration in epigenetics, remains elusive. In this study, we utilized CpG Methyl-seq to identify a genome-wide DNA CpG methylation, to profile the DNA methylation in UVB-irradiated SKH-1 mouse skin epidermis and non-melanoma skin papillomas at various stages. Methyl-seq and RNA-seq were performed to examine the methylation and corresponding transcriptome alterations. The methylation profiles in mouse epidermis were altered by UVB-irradiation as time progresses. Ingenuity Pathways Analysis (IPA) identified many cancer related pathways including PTEN, p53, Nrf2 and inflammatory signaling in UVB-irradiation induced carcinogenesis. Additionally, some novel genes involved in skin carcinogenesis that were not previously reported were differentially methylated, including Enf2, Mgst2, Vegfa, and Cdk4. Taken together, the current study provides novel profiles and insights of methylation and transcriptomic changes at different stages of carcinogenesis in UVB-irradiation induced NMSC and offers potential targets for prevention and treatment of NMSC at different stages of human skin cancer.
Publication
Journal: International journal of molecular sciences
December/27/2018
Abstract
The growth and development of oocyte affect the functional activities of the surrounding somatic cells. These cells are regulated by various types of hormones, proteins, metabolites, and regulatory molecules through gap communication, ultimately leading to the development and maturation of oocytes. The close association between somatic cells and oocytes, which together form the cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs), and their bi-directional communication are crucial for the acquisition of developmental competences by the oocyte. In this study, oocytes were extracted from the ovaries obtained from crossbred landrace gilts and subjected to in vitro maturation. RNA isolated from those oocytes was used for the subsequent microarray analysis. The data obtained shows, for the first time, variable levels of gene expression (fold changes higher than |2| and adjusted p-value < 0.05) belonging to four ontological groups: regulation of cell proliferation (GO:0042127), regulation of cell migration (GO:0030334), and regulation of programmed cell death (GO:0043067) that can be used together as proliferation, migration or apoptosis markers. We have identified several genes of porcine oocytes (ID2, VEGFA, BTG2, ESR1, CCND2, EDNRA, ANGPTL4, TGFBR3, GJA1, LAMA2, KIT, TPM1, VCP, GRID2, MEF2C, RPS3A, PLD1, BTG3, CD47, MITF), whose expression after in vitro maturation (IVM) is downregulated with different degrees. Our results may be helpful in further elucidating the molecular basis and functional significance of a number of gene markers associated with the processes of migration, proliferation and angiogenesis occurring in COCs.
Publication
Journal: Journal of clinical laboratory analysis
September/30/2018
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Biliary atresia (BA) is a neonatal disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the bile ducts and progressive aggravation of jaundice, but with a poor prognosis and high mortality. The etiology of BA is still uncertain which may be related to gene defect, virus infection, immune disorder, gene polymorphism. As a proinflammatory cytokine, VEGFA gene polymorphism (rs3025039) has been shown to be related to the pathogenesis of BA in Taiwanese population.
METHODS
We investigated the association between VEGFA gene polymorphism (rs3025039) and BA susceptibility using the largest case-control cohort, totaling with 506 BA patients and 1473 healthy controls in a Southern Chinese Han population. VEGFA gene polymorphism (rs3025039) was genotyped using the MassARRAY iPLEX Gold system (Sequenom). Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to access the association between the VEGFA gene polymorphism (rs3025039) and BA risk.
RESULTS
No significant association was found between the VEGFA gene polymorphism (rs3025039) and BA risk in the overall analysis.
CONCLUSIONS
These results suggest that VEGFA gene polymorphism (rs3025039) may not be associated with the risk of BA in the Southern Chinese Han population.
Publication
Journal: Cellular and molecular biology (Noisy-le-Grand, France)
July/16/2018
Abstract
Preeclampsia is a disease characterized by hypertension and proteinuria occurred after 20 weeks of gestation. Preeclampsia is a major cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The pathophysiological mechanism of preeclampsia is not known exactly yet. Preeclampsia endothelial cell dysfunction, associated with inadequate trophoblastic invasion is characterized by abnormal placentation. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) according to is an angiogenic cytokine, Annexin A5 is among endogenous peptides are both expressed from placental trophoblasts and Apelin is a multifunctional peptide and expressed by placental trophoblasts and endothelial cells. It was aimed to investigate roles of these parameters occurring in preeclampsia and to compare immunoreactivity of them in normal and preeclamptic placenta. In this study, placentas were collected from 20 normotensive pregnant women as controls, 16 mild-preeclamptic pregnant women, and 16 severe preeclamptic women. VEGF, Annexin A5 and Apelin were examined in samples of placenta tissues by streptavidin-biotin-peroxidase complex immunohistochemical methods. Immunoreactivity scores (IRS) were obtained for each parameter. VEGF and Apelin IRS were increased significantly in preeclamptic groups compared with control group (p <0.026, p<0.002 respectively). But Annexin A5 IRS was decreased significantly in preeclamptic groups compared with control group (p<0.04). In correlation with the intensity of disease, increase in VEGF and Apelin, and decrease in Annexin A5 supports roles of hemo-dynamic alterations in fetoplacental circulation and structural alterations in uteroplacental bed occurring in preeclampsia.
Publication
Journal: Yakugaku zasshi : Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
November/6/2017
Abstract
Brain edema is a severe morbid complication of brain injury, characterized by excessive fluid accumulation and an elevation of intracranial pressure. However, effective anti-brain edema drugs are lacking. One of the causes of brain edema is disruption of blood-brain barrier (BBB) function, which results in extravasation of intravascular fluid. After brain damage, astrocytes are activated, and astrocyte-derived vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) is known to induce BBB dysfunction. Therefore maintaining BBB integrity by regulating astrocyte function is a potentially effective strategy for treating brain edema. In this review, we focus on the endothelin ETB receptor and its role in regulation of astrocyte functions. In mice, brain damage was induced by fluid percussion injury (FPI), and the resulting BBB disruption and brain edema were observed in the mouse cerebrum. BQ788, a selective ETB receptor antagonist, attenuated the FPI-induced BBB disruption and brain edema. Levels of brain VEGF-A increased after FPI, mainly in reactive astrocytes. BQ788 suppressed the FPI-induced increase in VEGF-A expression in reactive astrocytes. Moreover, intraventricular administration of VEGF neutralizing antibody also attenuated FPI-induced BBB disruption and brain edema. Claudin-5 is an endothelial tight junction protein essential for normal BBB structure and function. Levels of claudin-5 protein were reduced by FPI. Furthermore, VEGF neutralizing antibody blocked FPI-induced decrease in claudin-5. These results suggest that the ETB receptor antagonist BQ788 protects against brain edema by inhibiting VEGF-A-mediated decrease in claudin-5.
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Publication
Journal: Journal of reproductive immunology
October/8/2017
Abstract
Chemokines were known to participate in inflammation and angiogenesis but have been recently recognized to be involved in embryonic implantation and endometrium-related pathologies. Among these chemokines, the CXC chemokines, such as CXCL1, have potential roles to work as biomarkers to identify patients with uterine adenomyosis. In this study, human endometrial epithelial cells (HEECs) were derived from patients' endometrium with adenomyosis. The inductive effects of CXCL1 production by various mediators/growth factors were investigated in the HEECs. Of the tested mediators, VEGF was found to be the most effective. The immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR analysis revealed a positive staining for VEGF and CXCL1 at the epithelium and the presence of CXCL1 in the human endometrium specimens, respectively. The CXCL1 induction by VEGF could be reduced by the antagonist for VEGF receptor (VEGFR), and by the inhibitors for NADPH oxidase and NF-κB signaling pathway. However, it was not affected by sex hormones and the inhibitors for MAPKs, PI-3K, protein kinase A and C. In parallel, VEGF induced p47 phox NADPH oxidase activation, IκBα phosphorylation, NF-κB translocation and NF-κB-DNA complex formation in the HEECs. Moreover, the CXCL1 released by the HEECs with VEGF stimulation attracted vascular endothelial cell migration. Taken together, we show that VEGF and CXCL1 are expressed in epithelium of the endometrium with adenomyosis and demonstrate here for the first time that VEGF is capable of inducing CXCL1 expression in HEECs through VEGFR, p47 phox NADPH oxidase and NF-κB signaling pathway, which is functionally required for attracting vascular endothelial cell migration.
Publication
Journal: Oncogene
August/29/2017
Abstract
We identify a limited subpopulation of epidermal cancer stem cells (ECS cells), in squamous cell carcinoma, that form rapidly growing, invasive and highly vascularized tumors, as compared with non-stem cancer cells. These ECS cells grow as non-attached spheroids, and display enhanced migration and invasion. We show that ECS cell-produced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A is required for the maintenance of this phenotype, as knockdown of VEGF-A gene expression or treatment with VEGF-A-inactivating antibody reduces these responses. In addition, treatment with bevacizumab reduces tumor vascularity and growth. Surprisingly, the classical mechanism of VEGF-A action via interaction with VEGF receptors does not mediate these events, as these cells lack VEGFR1 and VEGFR2. Instead, VEGF-A acts via the neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) co-receptor. Knockdown of NRP-1 inhibits ECS cell spheroid formation, invasion and migration, and attenuates tumor formation. These studies suggest that VEGF-A acts via interaction with NRP-1 to trigger intracellular events leading to ECS cell survival and formation of aggressive, invasive and highly vascularized tumors.
Publication
Journal: American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology
June/7/2017
Abstract
In liver injury, recruitment of bone marrow (BM) progenitors of liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (sprocs) is necessary for normal liver regeneration. Hepatic vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a central regulator of the recruitment process. We examine whether stromal cell-derived factor 1 [sdf1, or CXC ligand 12 (CXCL12)] acts downstream from VEGF to mediate recruitment of BM sprocs, what the sdf1 receptor type [CXC receptor (CXCR)-4 or CXCR7] is on sprocs, and whether sdf1 signaling is required for normal liver regeneration. Studies were performed in the rat partial hepatectomy model. Tracking studies of BM sprocs were performed in wild-type Lewis rats that had undergone BM transplantation from transgenic enhanced green fluorescent protein-positive Lewis rats. Knockdown studies were performed using antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs). Expression of sdf1 doubles in liver and liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) after partial hepatectomy. Upregulation of sdf1 expression increases proliferation of sprocs in the BM, mobilization of CXCR7(+) BM sprocs to the circulation, and engraftment of CXCR7(+) BM sprocs in the liver and promotes liver regeneration. Knockdown of hepatic VEGF with ASOs decreases hepatic sdf1 expression and plasma sdf1 levels. When the effect of VEGF knockdown on sdf1 is offset by infusion of sdf1, VEGF knockdown-induced impairment of BM sproc recruitment after partial hepatectomy is completely attenuated and liver regeneration is normalized. These data demonstrate that the VEGF-sdf1 pathway regulates recruitment of CXCR7(+) BM sprocs to the hepatic sinusoid after partial hepatectomy and is required for normal liver regeneration.
Publication
Journal: Cellular signalling
January/26/2017
Abstract
VEGF expression induced by hypoxia plays a critical role in promoting tumor angiogenesis. However, the molecular mechanism that modulates VEGF expression under hypoxia is still poorly understood. In this study, we found that VEGF induction in hypoxic HepG2 cells is ROS-dependent. ROS mediates hypoxia-induced VEGF by upregulation of Mxi1-0. Furthermore, PI3K/AKT/HIF-1α signaling pathway is involved in ROS-mediated Mxi1-0 and VEGF expression in hypoxic HepG2 cells. Finally, Mxi1-0 could in turn regulate ROS generation in hypoxic HepG2 cells, creating a positive feedback loop. Taken together, this study demonstrate a positive regulatory feedback loop in which ROS mediates hypoxia-induced Mxi1-0 via activation of PI3K/AKT/HIF-1α pathway, events that in turn elevate ROS generation and promote hypoxia-induced VEGF expression. These findings could provide a rationale for designing new therapies based on inhibition of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) angiogenesis.
Publication
Journal: Molecular neurobiology
December/25/2016
Abstract
A glioma is the most common type of brain tumor that accounts for nearly 80 % of brain cancers. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptor, the kinase insert domain receptor (KDR), are involved in the angiogenesis of cancers. In this study, we investigate whether the polymorphisms of VEGF and KDR are associated with a glioma risk. Blood samples were collected from 477 glioma patients and 477 healthy controls. Five tag-single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of KDR were obtained from the HapMap database, and eight tag-SNPs of VEGF were selected based on previous studies. After extraction of genomic DNAs by a Qiagen DNA blood kit, the SNPs of VEGF and KDR were genotyped with a Sequenom MassArray iPLEX platform and further analyzed with matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry. The odds ratios and their 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were used to assess the association between VEGF, KDR polymorphisms, and glioma risks with the aid of SPSS 13.0 software. The haplotype analysis demonstrated that two SNPs of VEGF [rs3025039 (C>T), rs2010963 (G>C)] could elevate the susceptibility to a glioma in the homozygous model [odds ratio (OR) = 3.13 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.30-7.49, P = 0.007) and OR = 1.58 (95% CI 1.07-2.34, P = 0.022), respectively], dominant model [OR = 1.38 (95% CI 1.04-1.84, P = 0.025) and OR = 1.32 (95% CI 1.01-1.72, P = 0.043), respectively], and allelic model [OR = 1.43 (95% CI 1.11-1.84, P = 0.005) and OR = 1.24 (95% CI 1.04-1.50, P = 0.019), respectively]. Furthermore, three SNPs of KDR [rs7667298 (A>G), rs2305948 (C>T), rs1870377 (T>A)] were also assumed to be associated with an increased risk of a glioma in the homozygous [OR = 1.93 (95% CI 1.30-2.86, P = 0.001), OR = 2.56 (95% CI 1.28-5.11, P = 0.006), and OR = 1.52 (95% CI 1.00-2.31, P = 0.049), respectively], dominant [OR = 1.52 (95% CI 1.16-1.98, P = 0.002), OR = 1.41 (95% CI 1.05-1.87, P = 0.020), and OR = 1.48 (95% CI 1.13-1.93, P = 0.004), respectively], and allele models [OR = 1.39 (95% CI 1.15-1.67, P = 0.001), OR = 1.47 (95% CI 1.14-1.89, P = 0.002), and OR = 1.27 (95% CI 1.05-1.52, P = 0.013), respectively]. The genetic polymorphisms of VEGF [rs3025039 (C>T), rs2010963 (G>C)] and KDR [rs7667298 (A>G), rs2305948 (C>T), rs1870377 (T>A)] increased glioma susceptibility in a Chinese population, suggesting the possibility of VEGF and KDR as genetic markers for glioma. Additional functional and association studies with different ethnic groups included are needed to further confirm our results.
Publication
Journal: Cell and tissue research
December/12/2016
Abstract
We have previously shown that the combined delivery of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and bone morphogenetic protein 6 (BMP-6) induces significantly more bone formation than that induced by the delivery of any single factor or a combination of any two factors. We now determine whether the exogenous addition of VEGF and BMP-6 is sufficient for bone healing when MSCs are not provided. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLAGA) microsphere-based three-dimensional scaffolds (P) were fabricated by thermal sintering of PLAGA microspheres. The scaffolds were chemically cross-linked with 200 ng recombinant human VEGF (P(VEGF)) or BMP-6 (P(BMP-6)) or both (P(VEGF+BMP-6)) by the EDC-NHS-MES method. Release of the proteins from the scaffolds was detected for 21 days in vitro which confirmed their comparable potential to supply the proteins in vivo. The scaffolds were delivered to a critical-sized mandibular defect created in 32 Sprague Dawley rats. Significant bone regeneration was observed only in rats with P(VEGF+BMP-6) scaffolds at weeks 2, 8 and 12 as revealed by micro-computer tomography. Vascular ingrowth was higher in the P(VEGF+BMP-6) group as seen by microfil imaging than in other groups. Trichrome staining revealed that a soft callus formed in P(VEGF), P(BMP-6) and P(VEGF+BMP-6) but not in P. MSCs isolated from rat femurs displayed expression of the bone-specific marker osteocalcin when cultured with P(VEGF), P(BMP-6), or P(VEGF+BMP-6) but not with P. Robust mineralization and increased alkaline phosphatase gene expression were seen in rat MSCs when cultured on P(VEGF+BMP-6) but not on P, P(VEGF), or P(BMP-6). Thus, unlike the delivery of VEGF or BMP-6 alone, the combined delivery of VEGF and BMP-6 to the bone defect significantly enhanced bone repair through the enhancement of angiogenesis and the differentiation of endogenously recruited MSCs into the bone repair site.
Publication
Journal: Molecular biology reports
June/6/2016
Abstract
Hypoxic condition is known to play an important role in the development of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and understanding mechanism of hypoxic effects is essential to develop new treatment strategies for ACS. Based on the phenotypic features of cardiovascular diseases, it is claimed that genetic factors play an important role in the development genome-wide association studies have been studied to clarify the molecular mechanisms underlying heritable and prevalent phenotype. The claim was to investigate possible roles of gene polymorphisms involving in hypoxia pathway on ACS in this pilot study. DNA samples of 100 ACS cases and 100 controls from a Department of Cardiology, Istanbul University, were genotyped with Illumina CytoSNP-12 BeadChip 300 K Array. The additive model used for statistical analysis, and Correlation/Trend Test selected as a statistical process. It was determined different criteria for association analysis as case/control and number of plugged vessels. P value calculated with each SNP and score generated with -log10(P). Also, hypoxia pathway analysis was applied to find statistically significant genes. As a result of bioinformatic analysis, it was claimed that PIAS4 (rs735842) and VEGFA (rs699947) were the most statistically significant variants associated in hypoxia pathway analysis. Due to the information of literature, there have been no prior studies of possible interactions of hypoxia pathways the etiology of acute coroner syndromes in the same research. Detailed studies with larger sample groups are necessary to clarify the role of hypoxia in the development of disease.
Publication
Journal: British journal of cancer
November/22/2015
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a multifunctional cytokine that has important roles in angiogenesis. Our knowledge of the significance of VEGF isoforms in human cancer remains incomplete.
METHODS
Bioluminescence imaging and transcriptomic analysis were used to study the colonisation capacity of the human breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231 controlling or overexpressing the VEGF165 or VEGF189 isoform (named cV-B, V165-B and V189-B, respectively) in nude mice.
RESULTS
When injected into the bloodstream, V189-B cells induced less metastasis in the lungs and bone than V165-B and cV-B control cells, consistent with longer survival of these mice and delay in tumour uptake in the mice injected with a V189-B clone. Histological analysis confirmed that there were less αSMA-positive cells in the lungs of the mice injected with V189-B. In vitro V189-B cells decreased both cell invasion and survival. Using transcriptomic analysis, we identified a subset of 18 genes expressed differentially between V189 and V165 cell lines and in 120 human breast tumours. V165 was associated with poor prognosis, whereas V189 was not, suggesting a complex regulation by VEGF isoforms. Our results showed a negative correlation between the expression pattern of VEGF189 and the levels of expression of seven genes that influence metastasis.
CONCLUSIONS
Our findings provide the first evidence that VEGF isoforms have different effects on breast cancer cell line colonisation in vivo.
Publication
Journal: Development (Cambridge, England)
March/8/2015
Abstract
The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFA, VEGF) regulates neurovascular patterning. Alternative splicing of the Vegfa gene gives rise to three major isoforms termed VEGF121, VEGF165 and VEGF189. VEGF165 binds the transmembrane protein neuropilin 1 (NRP1) and promotes the migration, survival and axon guidance of subsets of neurons, whereas VEGF121 cannot activate NRP1-dependent neuronal responses. By contrast, the role of VEGF189 in NRP1-mediated signalling pathways has not yet been examined. Here, we have combined expression studies and in situ ligand-binding assays with the analysis of genetically altered mice and in vitro models to demonstrate that VEGF189 can bind NRP1 and promote NRP1-dependent neuronal responses.
Publication
Journal: Microvascular research
September/9/2014
Abstract
Histone acetylation/deacetylation is a key mechanism for regulating transcription, which plays an important role in the control of gene expression, tissue growth, and development. In particular, histone deacetylase 7 (HDAC7), a member of class IIa HDACs, is crucial in maintaining vascular integrity. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play an important role in angiogenesis. However, whether HDAC7 plays a role in the processes of EPCs angiogenesis remains unclear. Migration and tube formation were the two major components of EPC angiogenesis. In this study, we show for the first time that HDAC7 silencing weakened the migration and tube formation abilities of EPCs. VEGF-A induced an increase of phospho-HDAC7 and its nuclear export in a time-dependent manner, which could be partly inhibited by protein kinase D1 (PKD1) inhibitor, but not by the PI3K inhibitor or the MEK inhibitor. Our results showed that EPCs involved in the angiogenesis might be controlled by VEGF-PKD1-HDAC7 axis, which regulates the EPCs angiogenesis by PKD1, but not the ERK and PI3K pathway.
Publication
Journal: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical sciences = Hua zhong ke ji da xue xue bao. Yi xue Ying De wen ban = Huazhong keji daxue xuebao. Yixue Yingdewen ban
September/8/2014
Abstract
bThis study explored whether the transplantation of modified marrow stromal cells (MSCs) has angiogenic effects in a left middle cerebral artery occlusion infarction/reperfusion (MCAO I/R) rat model and preliminarily examined the mechanism of angiogenesis following cerebral infarction. MSCs were isolated by using a direct adherent method and cultured. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was transfected into MSCs by employing the liposome transfection. The transfection efficiency was measured by the optical density method. The protein expression of VEGF gene before and after transfection was measured by Western blotting. SD rat model of transient occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery was established by using an approach of intra-luminal occlusion. Tetrazolium (TTC) and HE staining were performed to observe the cerebral infarction. ELISAs were used to measure the levels of VEGF in the rat cerebral tissues. The expression patterns of angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) and CD34 in cells surrounding the area of infarction were immunohistochemistrically observed. Ang-2 protein expression in the tissue surrounding the area of infarction was measured by Western blotting. VEGF expression in the MSCs increased after transfection at a rate of approximately 28%±3.4%. ELISA showed that the expression of VEGF in the cerebral tissue was significantly increased after induction of infarction, peaking on the 4th day and decreasing to the levels of the sham surgery group (normal) within 7 to 10 days. The VEGF level was significantly higher at each time point in the VEGF-MSC and MSC groups compared to the model group. Moreover, the VEGF level was higher in the VEGF-MSC group than in the MSC group and stayed relatively high until the 10th day. The immunohistochemical results showed that 10 days after the infarction, the number of Ang-2 and CD34-expressing cells in the area surrounding the infarction was significantly higher in the VEGF-MSC group and the MSC group compared to the model group. Moreover, the VEGF level was higher in the VEGF-MSC group than the MSC group. A similar trend in Ang-2 protein expression was revealed by Western blotting. In the MCAO rat model transfected with modified MSCs over-expressing VEGF, compared to the MSC transplantation group, the concentration of VEGF was significantly increased in the brain tissue after cerebral infarction. In addition, the level of Ang-2 was up-regulated, with angiogenesis promoted, the blood supply to the areas surrounding the cerebral infarction increased, and neurological function improved. We are led to speculate that the synergistic effects of VEGF and Ang-2 may be responsible for the angiogenesis following cerebral infarction.
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