Depression
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Pubmeds
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Pubmed
Journal: Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift
October/19/2008
Pubmed
Journal: Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
January/24/1975
Pubmed
Journal: American journal of psychotherapy
April/2/1974
Authors
Pubmed
Journal: Lancet (London, England)
April/30/2003
Pubmed
Journal: Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43)
October/4/2016
Abstract
The authors compared the protective effects of 3 sources of perceived social support-from family members, friends, and school personnel-on internalizing and externalizing symptoms in adolescents exposed to rocket attacks. Data were based on 362 Israeli adolescents (median age = 14), chronically exposed to rockets from the Gaza Strip, for whom robust effects of exposure on internalizing and externalizing symptoms were reported during the 2009-2010 period (Henrich & Shahar, 2013). New analyses revealed that perceived family social support assessed in 2009 buffered against the effect of exposure to rocket attacks on depression, aggression, and severe violence during 2009-2010. Findings are consistent with a human-ecological perspective exposure to political violence and encourage the employment of family-based preventive interventions in afflicted areas.
Pubmed
Journal: Respirology (Carlton, Vic.)
June/3/2015
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
Dyspnoea is a common symptom in sarcoidosis and is not predictably related to pulmonary function or radiology. A subjective symptom of dyspnoea is likely to be influenced by patient perception and experience. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and nature of dyspnoea in sarcoidosis and describe the relationship of dyspnoea to psychological factors and health-related quality of life (HRQL).
METHODS
Fifty-six subjects (31 men, mean age 51 years) with sarcoidosis completed an HRQL measure, St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Nijmegen questionnaire. The presence of symptoms of dyspnoea was noted and qualitative descriptors for dyspnoea were chosen at peak exercise. Resting pulmonary function was performed.
RESULTS
Sixty-four per cent of the subjects reported dyspnoea. Those with symptoms were older, had a longer duration of disease and with lower forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1 ) and FEV1 /forced vital capacity (FVC) (all P < 0.05). Symptoms of dyspnoea were associated with worse HRQL (P < 0.005) and higher scores on the Nijmegen questionnaire (P < 0.05). Anxiety was not associated with dyspnoea and only a trend to greater depression was observed (P = 0.066). In multivariate analysis, SGRQ and Nijmegen scores predicted dyspnoea independent of demographic factors and resting pulmonary function.
CONCLUSIONS
Dyspnoea is common in sarcoidosis and is associated with worse HRQL irrespective of baseline pulmonary function. Hyperventilation appears to be a factor contributing to dyspnoea and the Nijmegen questionnaire may be helpful in assessing dyspnoea and hyperventilation in sarcoidosis patients.
Pubmed
Journal: Presse medicale (Paris, France : 1983)
June/2/2005
Abstract
Although rarely reported spontaneously, sexual dysfunction is frequent in patients with schizophrenia. Sexual dysfunctions may be related to schizophrenia, to neuroleptic use and to psychiatric comorbidities, especially depression and addiction. Sexual dysfunctions induced by antipsychotics are related to their effect on the adrenergic and dopaminergic histamine receptors, in particular their blockage of the dopaminergic receptors of the tuberoinfundibular tracts, which causes excess prolactin secretion.
Pubmed
Journal: Danish medical bulletin
June/6/1984
Pubmed
Journal: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet
May/24/2007
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To assess the validity and reliability of the Montgomery and Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS Thai) by comparing DSM-IV TR criteria and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD).
METHODS
Descriptive study. Subjects were recruited from the psychiatric out-patient clinic Siriraj Hospital. Subjects were assessed by MADRS Thai version and clinical interview.
RESULTS
Opinion from psychiatric and social science experts, evaluating 13 study cases and 2 7 control cases, compared to the Global Assessment Scale (GAS) and to the changed scale of HRSD.
UNASSIGNED
Inter-rater and Intra-rater reliability and Internal consistency.
RESULTS
Content validity is above 0.5 except the item oflnner tension, Lassitude and Inablilty to feel. Criterion validity when compared to DSM-IV TR or HRSD, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV were all 100%. Pearson correlation coefficients sensitive to change were -0. 49 (p -value = 0. 11) and 0. 679 (p-value = 0. 025) when compared to 1) DSM-IV TR and 2) HRSD, respectively. ICC oflnter-rater and Intra-rater reliability were both 0.99 when compared to either 1) DSM-IV TR or 2) HRSD. Cronbach 's alpha of Internal consistency was 0. 96 and 0. 92 when compared to 1) DSM-IV TR and 2) HRSD, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS
The result suggested that the Thai version of the Montgomery and Asberg Depression Rating Scale had a very good validity and reliability. Therefore, it can be used as a diagnostic test in Thai depressed patients.
Pubmed
Journal: Multivariate behavioral research
March/22/2017
Abstract
In this article, we show that the underlying dimensions obtained when factor analyzing cross-sectional data actually form a mix of within-person state dimensions and between-person trait dimensions. We propose a factor analytical model that distinguishes between four independent sources of variance: common trait, unique trait, common state, and unique state. We show that by testing whether there is weak factorial invariance across the trait and state factor structures, we can tackle the fundamental question first raised by Cattell; that is, are within-person state dimensions qualitatively the same as between-person trait dimensions? Furthermore, we discuss how this model is related to other trait-state factor models, and we illustrate its use with two empirical data sets. We end by discussing the implications for cross-sectional factor analysis and suggest potential future developments.
Pubmed
Journal: Bipolar disorders
April/17/2016
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
The current study investigated the longitudinal course of symptoms in bipolar disorder among individuals receiving optimal treatment combining pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy, as well as predictors of the course of illness.
METHODS
A total of 160 participants with bipolar disorder (bipolar I disorder: n = 115; bipolar II disorder: n = 45) received regular pharmacological treatment, complemented by a manualized, evidence-based psychosocial treatment - that is, cognitive behavioral therapy or psychoeducation. Participants were assessed at baseline and prospectively for 72 weeks using the Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation (LIFE) scale scores for mania/hypomania and depression, as well as comparison measures (clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00188838).
RESULTS
Over a 72-week period, patients spent a clear majority (about 65%) of time euthymic. Symptoms were experienced more than 50% of the time by only a quarter of the sample. Depressive symptoms strongly dominated over (hypo)manic symptoms, while subsyndromal symptoms were more common than full diagnosable episodes for both polarities. Mixed symptoms were rare, but present for a minority of participants. Individuals experienced approximately six significant mood changes per year, with a full relapse on average every 7.5 months. Participants who had fewer depressive symptoms at intake, a later age at onset, and no history of psychotic symptoms spent more weeks well over the course of the study.
CONCLUSIONS
Combined pharmacological and adjunctive psychosocial treatments appeared to provide an improved course of illness compared to the results of previous studies. Efforts to further improve the course of illness beyond that provided by current optimal treatment regimens will require a substantial focus on both subsyndromal and syndromal depressive symptoms.
Pubmed
Journal: Journal of psychosocial oncology
October/9/2017
Abstract
This study examined whether emotional approach coping was associated with lower depressive symptoms, and whether intimacy moderated this association, in 121 married/partnered colorectal cancer (CRC) outpatients. Prospective analyses of survey data on emotional approach coping, depressive symptoms, and intimacy measured at baseline and 6-month follow-up showed that depressive symptoms were inversely related to processing, expression, and intimacy. At baseline, the association between processing and depressive symptoms was moderated by intimacy: greater processing was associated with lower depressive symptoms only for those in relatively high-intimacy relationships. Enhancing emotional approach coping efforts and relationship quality may benefit CRC patients' adjustment.
Pubmed
Journal: International psychogeriatrics
August/18/2016
Pubmed
Journal: Der Nervenarzt
December/14/1967
Authors
Pubmed
Journal: The Journal of general psychology
November/30/1996
Authors
Pubmed
Journal: Social work in health care
September/24/2017
Abstract
This study investigated anxiety as a phenomenon distinct from depression and evaluated several variables that influence anxiety in first-time mothers. This explored the relationship between maternal sense of competence (both of mothering and efficacy) and perceived social support (from family, friends, and significant others) and first-time mothers' postpartum anxiety, when depression, socioeconomic status (SES), and marital status were controlled for. The population studied were 86 first-time mothers made up of women with children 24 months or younger in two populations of Kentucky and Michigan. The constructs of maternal sense of competence and perceived social support were found to be significant in explaining first-time mothers' anxiety. The study concluded that a combined association of perceived social support and maternal sense of competence were associated with a 34% (change in R-squared = .339) decrease of a first-time mothers' anxiety. However, not all types of social support, or maternal competence appeared to be equally important with regards to maternal anxiety: social support from friends and family and maternal sense of competence in regard to productivity appeared to be most significant. Lastly, some recommendations for health practitioners who work with mothers are provided.
Pubmed
Journal: Psychopathology
February/3/2013
Pubmed
Journal: Zeitschrift fur Psycho-somatische Medizin
October/31/1998
Authors
Pubmed
Journal: Journal of comparative and physiological psychology
October/31/1998
Authors
Pubmed
Journal: The journal of supportive oncology
September/28/2008
Pubmed
Journal: Pharmakopsychiatrie, Neuro-Psychopharmakologie
January/25/1981
Abstract
Besides the well known somnolent and almost delirious states which always imply different mnestic and gnostic disorders also other drug-induced side-effects and complications can be observed during antidepressive treatment. Mnestic blackouts which clinically are more or less inconspicuous but which are always discovered retrospectively occur more often than they are documented. They are rather related to disturbances of engrammation depending on psychotropic drugs than to a disturbance and narrowing of the state of vigilance and consciousness. In order to exemplify a serious psychopathological complication of the altogether rare amential-amnestical syndrom, a casuistic report is presented of a case of a regulated semiconscious state during two weeks, a case of an amential-amnestical attack, and a case of ictal amnestical episode (Ictus amnesticus). The possible etiology and the observed disorders of memory and consciousness are discussed. The following common pathogenetic factors should be considered though the presented three cases have a different psychopathology and probably a different etiology: (1) The specific pharmacodynamics of the individual antidepressive drug, (2) disease related factors inclusing an alteration of the ability of conceiving and of the process of engrammation, (3) an individual vulnerability of neuronal synaptic systems.
Authors
Pubmed
Journal: Nigerian journal of clinical practice
November/14/2018
Abstract
UNASSIGNED
Postpartum depression is one of the major problems affecting the mother and baby's health. Inadequate social support system may affect the occurrence of this problem. This study was performed to determine the depression and social support in women at the postpartum period.
UNASSIGNED
This study was designed as a cross-sectional study. The research was conducted in Narlıca No. 2 family health center located in the city center of Hatay with 177 women who have given birth at least 2-4 months before and agreed to participate in the study. Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), and Sociodemographic Information Form was utilized for data collection.
UNASSIGNED
It was determined that women's scores of EPDS and MSPSS were affected by the variables of intended pregnancy and obtained support for infant care (P < 0.05). A significant negative correlation (P < 0.01) was found between MSPSS and EPDS scales.
UNASSIGNED
This study concludes that as social support levels increase there is a decrease at postpartum depression risk. It is recommended that planning of interventions should be in accordance with the factors affecting the social support and depression levels at women in the postpartum period.
Pubmed
Journal: Meditsina truda i promyshlennaia ekologiia
November/15/2018
Abstract
Comparative analysis covered emotional personality disorders in vibration disease patients'in dependence on presence and intensity of androgen deficiency. Parameters of depression, personal and actual anxiety in vibration disease patients are reliably higher in those with marked clinical and laboratory signs of androgen deficiency.
Pubmed
Journal: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD
August/16/2012
Abstract
Carboxyterminally elongated and aminoterminally truncated amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides and their oxidized derivates are major constituents of human amyloid plaques. The objective of the present study was to clarify the diagnostic impact of the Aβ peptides 1-38ox, 2-40, and 2-42 peptides on the neurochemical cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). For this purpose, 22 patients with AD and 20 non-demented disease controls (NDC) were comparatively analyzed for their cerebrospinal fluid pattern of Aβ1-38ox, Aβ2-40, and Aβ2-42 along with Aβ1-37, Aβ1-38, Aβ1-39, Aβ1-40, Aβ1-40ox, and Aβ1-42 using a novel sequential aminoterminally and carboxyterminally specific immunoprecipitation protocol and subsequent analysis in the Aβ-SDS-PAGE/immunoblot. The Aβ peptides 1-38ox, 2-40, and 2-42 could not be consistently detected in the investigated CSF samples, which applied to samples from AD and NDC patients alike. Otherwise, our approach revealed a striking decrease of Aβ1-42 and Aβ2-42, but not of Aβ1-38ox and Aβ2-40 in AD. Both Aβ1-42 and Aβ2-42 reached reasonable accuracies for diagnosing AD alone as well as in relation to Aβ1-40, Aβ1-38, or the sum of all measured Aβ peptides. Aβ1-38ox was negatively correlated to the Mini-Mental Status Examination score of AD patients, indicating that this peptide to linked to disease severity. We conclude that an exact analysis of CSF Aβ peptides regarding their carboxy- and aminoterminus as well as posttranslational modification may be a promising approach for diagnosing and tracking AD.
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