Lung Neoplasms
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Publication
Journal: Autopsy & case reports
September/18/2019
Abstract
Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) is a high-grade pleomorphic neoplasm with no identifiable line(s) of differentiation using currently available diagnostic techniques. Therefore, it is essentially a diagnosis of exclusion, which requires generous tissue sampling, adequate contextually interpreted immunohistochemistry, and relevant molecular studies. UPS is a common soft tissue sarcoma (historically one of the entities referred to as malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH)), which can develop in various organs, but lung involvement is usually due to metastasis. Primary Pulmonary UPS (PPUPS) is exceptionally rare and here we present a 66-year-old man who presented with anemia and weight loss, found to have a 17 cm right lung mass with invasion to the chest wall and diaphragm. Extensive sampling and immunohistochemistry studies failed to reveal any line of differentiation. Upon exclusion of a possible extrapulmonary origin, a diagnosis of PPUPS was rendered. In addition, we reviewed all 84 previously reported cases of PPUPS/PPMFH in the literature since 1979 and summarized the clinical information.
Publication
Journal: Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer
September/18/2019
Abstract
Lung is the most common metastatic site for tumors other than the liver. Pulmonary metastasectomy is also one of the common operations in thoracic surgery. However, the effect of pulmonary metastasectomy is controversial. As far as the current experience is concerned, patients with pulmonary metastases with long disease free interval, low-grade malignant tumor and complete excision have the greatest benefit from metastasectomy. This review is about the progress of surgical treatment of pulmonary metastases. .
Authors
Publication
Journal: Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer
September/18/2019
Abstract
Lung cancer is the most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer death. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) represents over 85% of all lung cancers, and up to 50% of Asian NSCLC patients harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations. A number of studies have consistently demonstrated that uncommon EGFR-mutated NSCLC patients treated with EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) can achieve better survival outcomes. However, because uncommon EGFR mutations are generally associated with reduced sensitivity to EGFR-TKIs, which will bring a negative impact on the result of the study, the majority of clinical trials investigating the efficacy of EGFR-TKIs have included only patients with common EGFR mutations. In addition, uncommon EGFR mutations are rare in themselves, leading to the small number of such patients enrolled in these trials. Due to the small number and highly heterogeneous sensitivity of uncommon EGFR mutations, the efficacy of EGFR-TKIs in patients harboring uncommon EGFR mutations remains elusive. This article reviews the efficacy of EGFR-TKIs in patients with uncommon EGFR mutations, and give some reasonable advice about the selection of treatments for patients with NSCLC who harbor uncommon EGFR mutations.
Publication
Journal: Autopsy & case reports
September/18/2019
Abstract
Lung adenocarcinomas with a mixture of tubular or papillary pattern, sheet-like or trabecular architecture, eosinophilic cytoplasm with centrally located nuclei and alpha-fetoprotein-producing cells have been described as hepatoid adenocarcinomas. Hepatoid adenocarcinomas are mainly found in the stomach but rare cases in other organs have been described. Immunostaining for alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), hepatocyte paraffin 1 (HepPar-1) and thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) helps in the diagnostic workup. Tumor behavior is still not entirely known but it seems to be associated with early metastases. We report on a 66-year-old, heavy-smoker male patient who had a 10-month history of respiratory complaints and weight loss. At the time he was hospitalized, respiratory failure was already established. The computed tomography corresponded to a collapsed right lung due to a poorly defined expanding mass. The bronchoscopy revealed narrowing of the inferior and medium lobar bronchi. The patient developed irreversible shock and died. At the right lung inferior lobe was extensively replaced by a grayish diffuse neoplasia in a "pneumonia-like" gross pattern. Metastatic disease was found in the right adrenal gland and thoracic and abdominal lymph nodes. Microscopic dissemination through lymphatics, pleura, and airways was detected. Histological examination revealed a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma with hepatoid features. Immunohistochemmistry stains were positive for keratin 7, polyclonal carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in a diffuse pattern, AFP and HepPar-1 antibody. TTF-1 showed a diffuse granular cytoplasmic staining of the neoplastic cells, and only focal nuclear positivity. Multiple bilateral emboli originated from deep venous thrombosis were present in large and medium branches of the pulmonary artery and contributed to the cause of death.
Publication
Journal: Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer
September/18/2019
Abstract
BRAF gene mutation is found in about 2%-4% of the patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This type of NSCLC is characterized by high malignancy, low efficacy of chemotherapy and poor prognosis. Although the combination treatment of BRAF inhibitor and MEK inhibitor has achieved remarkable results in advanced NSCLC patients with BRAF V600E mutation, which has been written into the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines, severe side effects of the combination therapy are frequently observed. There isn't effective treatment strategy after drug resistance, and targeted therapy for non-V600E mutation patients is still lacking. In this paper, we summarized the researches on expression of immune markers in NSCLC patients with mutant BRAF and analyzed the studies on efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI), so as to provide more options for prolonging survival of the patients. .
Publication
Journal: Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer
September/18/2019
Abstract
EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) were used to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with EGFR mutation positive. This study aims to compare the effectiveness of first line TKIs; gefitinib, erlotinib, and afatinib in the treatment of advanced stage NSCLC patients with EGFR mutation positive in the Indonesian population.A retrospective cohort study of 88 NSCLC patients with EGFR mutation positive treated with gefitinib (n=59), erlotinib (n=22), and afatinib (n=7) was performed in national cancer hospital in Indonesia.Inclusion criteria were stage IIIb or IV NSCLC with adenocarcinoma subtype. Subjects less than 18 years or with a history of other malignancy were excluded. Outcomes were treatment response, progression-free survival (PFS), and mortality rate.Complete response, partial response, and stable disease were shown in 1.1%, 35.2%, and 31.8% of subjects, respectively. There were 31.8% of subjects developed progressive disease during treatment. Regarding EGFR mutation positive profile, a total of 56.8% subjects had deletion in exon 19, 42% subjects had mutation in exon 21, and rare mutation in exon 18 was found in 3.4% of total subjects. Demography and clinical characteristics had no significant association with the risk of progressive disease. The median PFS of subjects was 11 months (95%CI: 6.8-15.2 months). There was no statistical difference of PFS between treatment groups. CONCLUSIONS: Gefitinib, erlotinib, and afatinib have similar effectiveness in advanced stage NSCLC with EGFR mutation positive. Afatinib tends to be associated with longer PFS but further investigation is required.
Publication
Journal: Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer
September/18/2019
Abstract
Hypermethylation of the gene regulatory regions are common for many cancer diseases. In this work we applied GLAD-PCR assay for identificating of the aberrantly methylated RCGY sites in the regulatory regions of some downregulated genes in tissue samples of lung cancer (LC). This list includes EFEMP1, EPHA5, HOXA5, HOXA9, LHX1, MYF6, NID2, OTX1, PAX9, RARB, RASSF1A, RXRG, SIX6, SKOR1 and TERT genes. The results of DNA samples from 40 cancer and 25 normal lung tissues showed a good diagnostic potential of selected RCGY sites in regulatory regions of MYF6, SIX6, RXRG, LHX1, RASSF1A and TERT genes with relatively high sensitivity (80.0 %) and specificity (88.0 %) of LC detection in tumor DNA.
Publication
Journal: Cureus
September/16/2019
Abstract
Pulmonary nodules have a broad differential diagnosis with primary lung cancer, lung metastases, benign tumors, carcinoid tumors, and infectious granulomas as their common cause. While relatively rare, pulmonary lymphoproliferative disorders such as primary pulmonary lymphomas, primary pulmonary plasmacytomas, secondary lymphomas involving the lung, multiple myeloma involving the lung, leukemias involving the lung should be considered in these patients presenting with lung nodules. Primary pulmonary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is an extremely rare lung tumor accounting for 0.4% of all lymphomas. Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma accounts for about 70%-90% of all primary pulmonary lymphomas, constituting less than 0.5% of all the lung neoplasms. Though it usually remains localized, it is a clonal B-cell neoplasm with a potential for systematic spread and transformation to an aggressive B-cell lymphoma. We hereby discuss the case of a 66-year-old woman with primary pulmonary MALT lymphoma.
Publication
Journal: Respiratory research
September/12/2019
Abstract
The diagnostic yield of peripheral pulmonary lesions has significantly increased with the use of radial endobronchial ultrasound with guide sheath within the lesion. Here, we retrospectively evaluated factors leading to misdiagnosis of pulmonary malignant tumors using endobronchial ultrasound with the guide sheath within the lesion.We assessed the final histopathological diagnosis of biopsy samples taken from 130 patients with lung malignant tumors that underwent endobronchial ultrasound with guide sheath within the lesion.Among 130 patients, 8 (6%) showed no definite malignant findings in biopsy samples but the presence of malignant cells (primary lung cancer 7, diffuse large B cell lymphoma 1) was subsequently confirmed by histopathological study of specimens taken by computed tomography-guided needle biopsy or surgery. Of the eight cases with diagnostic failure, the size of the biopsy sample was insufficient in five due to technical difficulties during the diagnostic procedure, and the diagnosis of malignant tumor was difficult in five cases because of extensive scarring tissue or central necrosis.The results of this study showed that technical difficulties and/or pathological heterogeneity of the tumor might lead to failure to diagnose lung malignant tumor in cases using endobronchial ultrasound with guide sheath within the lesion.
Publication
Journal: Genes
September/10/2019
Abstract
Predicting the potential microRNA (miRNA) candidates associated with a disease helps in exploring the mechanisms of disease development. Most recent approaches have utilized heterogeneous information about miRNAs and diseases, including miRNA similarities, disease similarities, and miRNA-disease associations. However, these methods do not utilize the projections of miRNAs and diseases in a low-dimensional space. Thus, it is necessary to develop a method that can utilize the effective information in the low-dimensional space to predict potential disease-related miRNA candidates. We proposed a method based on non-negative matrix factorization, named DMAPred, to predict potential miRNA-disease associations. DMAPred exploits the similarities and associations of diseases and miRNAs, and it integrates local topological information of the miRNA network. The likelihood that a miRNA is associated with a disease also depends on their projections in low-dimensional space. Therefore, we project miRNAs and diseases into low-dimensional feature space to yield their low-dimensional and dense feature representations. Moreover, the sparse characteristic of miRNA-disease associations was introduced to make our predictive model more credible. DMAPred achieved superior performance for 15 well-characterized diseases with AUCs (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve) ranging from 0.860 to 0.973 and AUPRs (area under the precision-recall curve) ranging from 0.118 to 0.761. In addition, case studies on breast, prostatic, and lung neoplasms demonstrated the ability of DMAPred to discover potential disease-related miRNAs.
Publication
Journal: Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
September/10/2019
Abstract
Objective: To investigate the phenomenon of small airway epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in patients with normal pulmonary function and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who received surgical treatment for lung tumors. Methods: In this study, 52 patients undergoing surgical treatment for lung tumors admitted to the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University were included from January 2018 to January 2019. According to the preoperative pulmonary function and smoking history, patients were divided into group A (non-smoking with normal pulmonary function group, 15 patients), group B (smoking with normal pulmonary function group, 21 patients), group C (COPD stable phase group, 16 patients). HE staining was performed to observe the pathological changes in small airway and lung tissue. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the localization and expression of E-cadherin, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and Vimentin in small airway. Western blot was used to detect the levels of E-cadherin, α-SMA and Vimentin. Results: (1) There were no significant differences in age, gender, and the ratio of disease composition among the three groups (P>0.05), but forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV(1)) as percentage of predicted value (FEV(1)%pred) and FEV(1)/forced vital capacity (FEV(1)/FVC) in group C were lower than those in groups A and B (all P<0.01), while there was no significant difference between group A and group B (P>0.05); (2) the bronchial wall thickness in group B and group C were higher than that of group A [(32.4±2.4) and (54.6±4.9) vs (22.4±2.2) μm], and group C was significantly higher than group B (P=0.003); (3) the expression levels of E-cadherin in the epithelial cells of small airway in group B and group C were lower than those in group A (0.021±0.008 and 0.018±0.007 vs 0.062±0.010) (all P<0.05), while the levels of mesenchymal cell markers such as α-SMA and Vimentin in group B and group C were higher than group A, and group C was higher than group B (α-SMA: 0.641±0.113, 0.780±0.133 vs 0.404±0.123; Vimentin: 0.064±0.033, 0.083±0.022 vs 0.030±0.021) (P=0.002 and P=0.003). Conclusion: In patients undergoing surgical treatment of lung tumors, there is EMT in the small airways of patients with COPD, and EMT has occurred in the small airways of smokers with normal pulmonary function.
Publication
Journal: European radiology
September/5/2019
Abstract
To investigate the natural history of persistent pulmonary pure ground-glass nodules (pGGNs) with deep learning-assisted nodule segmentation.Between January 2007 and October 2018, 110 pGGNs from 110 patients with 573 follow-up CT scans were included in this retrospective study. pGGN automatic segmentation was performed on initial and all follow-up CT scans using the Dr. Wise system based on convolution neural networks. Subsequently, pGGN diameter, density, volume, mass, volume doubling time (VDT), and mass doubling time (MDT) were calculated automatically. Enrolled pGGNs were categorized into growth, 52 (47.3%), and non-growth, 58 (52.7%), groups according to volume growth. Kaplan-Meier analyses with the log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards regression analysis were conducted to analyze the cumulative percentages of pGGN growth and identify risk factors for growth.The mean follow-up period of the enrolled pGGNs was 48.7 ± 23.8 months. The median VDT of the 52 pGGNs having grown was 1448 (range, 339-8640) days, and their median MDT was 1332 (range, 290-38,912) days. The 12-month, 24.7-month, and 60.8-month cumulative percentages of pGGN growth were 10%, 25.5%, and 51.1%, respectively, and they significantly differed among the initial diameter, volume, and mass subgroups (all p < 0.001). The growth pattern of pGGNs may conform to the exponential model. Lobulated sign (p = 0.044), initial mean diameter (p < 0.001), volume (p = 0.003), and mass (p = 0.023) predicted pGGN growth.Persistent pGGNs showed an indolent course. Deep learning can assist in accurately elucidating the natural history of pGGNs. pGGNs with lobulated sign and larger initial diameter, volume, and mass are more likely to grow.• The pure ground-glass nodule (pGGN) segmentation accuracy of the Dr. Wise system based on convolution neural networks (CNNs) was 96.5% (573/594). • The median volume doubling time (VDT) of 52 pure ground-glass nodules (pGGNs) having grown was 1448 days (range, 339-8640 days), and their median mass doubling time (MDT) was 1332 days (range, 290-38,912 days). The mean time to growth in volume was 854 ± 675 days (range, 116-2856 days). • The 12-month, 24.7-month, and 60.8-month cumulative percentages of pGGN growth were 10%, 25.5%, and 51.1%, respectively, and they significantly differed among the initial diameter, volume, and mass subgroups (all p values < 0.001). The growth pattern of pure ground-glass nodules may conform to exponential model.
Publication
Journal: BMC pulmonary medicine
September/2/2019
Abstract
Myelolipoma is a rare benign tumor composed of mature adipose and hematopoietic tissues. Most myelolipomas are found in the adrenal glands, whereas intrathoracic myelolipoma is extremely rare. In particular, bronchial myelolipoma without the involvement of lung parenchyma has never been reported.A previously healthy 38-year-old male developed dyspnea and a productive cough. Computed tomography revealed an endobronchial mass at the right bronchus intermedius and subsequent atelectasis of the right middle and lower lobes. Flexible bronchoscopy found a total obstruction of the right bronchus intermedius due to an endobronchial tumor. Using a rigid bronchoscope, the endobronchial tumor was resected and the base of the tumor was additionally ablated with a diode laser to prevent recurrence. The removed endobronchial tumor was a 13 mm × 20 mm-sized oval-shaped mass and was pathologically diagnosed as bronchial myelolipoma. Chest radiographs, obtained on the day following the procedure, showed an improvement of atelectasis, and accompanying symptoms were immediately improved. Follow-up bronchoscopy performed after 12 months evidenced no recurrence of the bronchial myelolipoma.We used bronchoscopic intervention in patients with solitary bronchial myelolipoma and there was no evidence of recurrence.
Publication
Journal: Cancer
August/30/2019
Abstract
Mutations in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2; also known as ERBB2) are found in approximately 2% of lung adenocarcinomas. The frequency and clinical course of brain metastases in this oncogenic subset are ill defined.Baseline and subsequent development of brain metastases was evaluated in consecutive patients with HER2-mutant (n = 98), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutant (n = 200), and KRAS-mutant lung cancers (n = 200).At metastatic diagnosis, the odds ratio (ORs) for brain metastases was similar for patients whose tumors harbored HER2 mutations (19%) in comparison with patients with KRAS mutations (24%; OR for HER2 vs KRAS, 0.7; P = .33) but lower compared to patients with EGFR mutations (31%; OR for HER2 vs EGFR, 0.5; P = .03). Patients with lung cancer and HER2 mutations developed more brain metastases on treatment than patients with KRAS mutations (28% vs 8%; hazard ratio [HR], 5.2; P < .001) and trended more than patients with EGFR mutations (28% vs 16%; HR, 1.7; P = .06). Patients with HER2 YVMA mutations also developed more brain metastases on treatment than patients with KRAS mutations (HR, 5.9; P < .001). The median overall survival (OS) was shorter for patients with HER2-mutant (1.6 years; P < .001) or KRAS-mutant lung cancers (1.1 years; P < .001) than patients with EGFR-mutant lung cancers (3.0 years). Brain metastases occurred in 47% of patients with HER2-mutant lung cancers, which imparted shorter OS (HR, 2.7; P < .001).These data provide a framework for brain imaging surveillance in patients with HER2-mutant lung cancers and underpin the need to develop HER2-targeted agents with central nervous system activity.
Publication
Journal: Journal of thoracic disease
August/29/2019
Abstract
The advent of advanced diagnostic bronchoscopy has shown an increased demand for anesthesiologists to administer anesthesia in the bronchoscopy suite. Procedures such as navigational bronchoscopy, airway stenting and advanced therapeutic procedures often require the presence of an anesthesiologist to manage these more complex patients and procedures. In this review we describe the various bronchoscopic procedures and anesthetic management and complications of these procedures at our institution The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland Ohio.
Publication
Journal: Clinical lung cancer
August/28/2019
Abstract
Pulmonary carcinosarcoma (PC) is a rare malignant neoplasm composed of epithelial and mesenchymal components. It accounts for < 1% of thoracic cancers and is not fully understood. This study examined Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data to describe demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with PC and assessed survival outcomes by treatment modality and stage.SEER data were reviewed to identify patients diagnosed with primary PC (1973-2012). Overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) were analyzed by univariate/multivariable Cox proportional hazards models and Kaplan-Meier methods.A total of 411 patients were included. Median age was 67 (range, 24-96) years. Disease stage at the time of initial diagnosis was known for 74.7% of the identified patients (307/411). Of these patients, 23.1% had localized disease. Survival was significantly better for patients with localized disease (OS: 31 vs. 6 months, P < .001; DSS: 54 vs. 8 months, P < .001). Additionally, patients who received surgery alone had significantly improved OS (20 months; P < .001) and DSS (32 months; P < .001) compared to patients who received combined surgery and radiotherapy (OS: 7 months; DSS: 8 months) or radiotherapy alone (OS: 4 months; DSS: 4 months).Treatment with surgery alone resulted in superior survival outcomes compared to other treatment modality combinations, regardless of patient age and disease stage. Within the limitations of this study, providers may wish to consider these findings when devising patient treatment plans.
Publication
Journal: Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer
August/27/2019
Abstract
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) positive in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was about 5%-7% and ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) was the standard treatment in NSCLC. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of crizotinib in patients with advanced ALK gene-positive or recurrent NSCLC.Three methods were used to screen patients with advanced or recurrent NSCLC harboring ALK gene fusion/translocation. The patients with ALK positive tested by flourescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was given orally crizotinib, 250 mg, bid. The objective response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS) and safety were evaluated.A total of 226 patients were screened, 39 of whom had ALK fusion or translocation, and 37 were enrolled in the study. 35 patients were evaluated for objective response, ORR was 70.3%, and disease control rate (DCR) was 94.6%, and median PFS was 11.8 mon. The main adverse reactions were elevated transaminase (Grade 1, 91.7%), elevated transaminases (Grade 2, 23.4%), nausea (Grade 1, 75.6%), anemia (Grade 1-2, 62.3%), visual impairment (Grade 1, 21.8%), weight loss (Grade 1, 31.4%), pneumonia (Grade 2, 3.5%).Crizotinib can be used for the treatment of advanced NSCLC with ALK fusion/translocation. It is highly effective and well tolerated.
Publication
Journal: Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer
August/27/2019
Abstract
Brain is the most frequent site for distant metastases of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Brain metastasis (BM) is also the leading cause of disabilities and death in advanced NSCLC. In recent years, the application and effectiveness of small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors has formed the basis for the treatment of NSCLC brain metastases with driver gene mutations. With the development of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death protein ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors and relevant combination therapies, immunotherapy has become an important choice for non-classic oncogene addicted NSCLC BM patients. Also, the roles of relevant biomarkers are increasingly standing out. By reason of the particular immunopathological features of NSCLC brain metastases and its microenvironment, the aim of this review is to summarize relevant research progresses and provide more references for combination strategies of different therapeutic methods as well as the development of novel immunotherapies. .
Publication
Journal: Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer
August/27/2019
Abstract
Lung cancer rates among women in rural Xuanwei and Fuyuan counties in eastern Yunnan province, China, are among the highest in the world, even though almost all women are non-smokers, and they tend to develop lung cancer at a younger age than other locations by roughly 5 yr-10 yr. This study investigated the survival of lung cancer patients among female never-smokers.The female never-smokers, who had lived for many years in Xuanwei and Fuyuan counties, with lung cancer newly-diagnosed between July 2006 to March 2010, were followed up through the end of 2016. Age-standardized relative survival for all cases was calculated using local life table. The Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test were used to analyze the relationship between the variables and the prognosis in univariate analysis. Cox regression analysis was employed in the multivariate analysis.Among 1,250 total subjects, 1,075 died and the remaining 175 were censored during the follow-up, with a median follow-up period of 69 months (95%CI: 61.9-76.0). Overall, the mean age was (54.8 ±10.9) yr, with variable clinical stages: 3.5% of cases were stage I, 8.7% stage II, 20.7% stage III, 29.7% stage IV, and 37.4% stage unknown. The 645 patients(51.6%) with cyto-histological diagnosis contains 303 with Squamous cell carcinoma, and 231 with adenocarcinoma, 24 with small cell, 43 with other specified type and 39 with unknown histological type. Only 215 (17.2%) patients received surgery, 487 (39.0%) were treated without surgery, and 548 (43.8%) did not receive any specific anticancer therapy. The 5-year observed survival rate and age-standardized relative survival were 8.9% (95%CI: 7.0-10.6), and 10.1% (95%CI: 3.7-20.5) respectively, with a median survival of 13.2 months. The 5-year survival rates were 41.1% for stage I, 22.4% for stage II, 5.3% for stage III, 1.3% for stage IV, 11.2% for missing stage, 17.9% for adenocarcinoma, and 5.6% for squamous cell carcinoma respectively. Surgery significantly improved 5-year survival rate compared with non-surgery (34.8% vs 3.2%, P<0.001). The patients with non-treatment, aged 65 years and older, living in rural areas and farmer with low socioeconomic status had poorer survival, whereas the patients treated in provincial hospitals and chest X-ray screening had better survival. Cox multivariate analysis further showed that stage of tumor-node-metastasis (TNM), treatment status, hospital-level, and X-ray screening were factors correlated with survival.Patients with lung cancer among female never-smokers in Xuanwei and Fuyuan experience poorer survival, because they are less likely to be diagnosed at early stage, as well as less likely to receive surgery and comprehensive treatment. Furthermore low socioeconomic status and poor health security are also responsible for the low survival.
Publication
Journal: Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer
August/27/2019
Abstract
Lung cancer is the malignant tumor with the highest morbidity and mortality in China. Non-small cell lung cancer is the main pathological type. Lymph node metastasis is the most common and primary metastatic pathway in non-small cell lung cancer. Acknowledged as the major factor determining tumor staging and prognosis. Unfortunately, it's presently hard to make an accurate preoperative judgment on the lymph node metastasis of early stage non-small cell lung cancer. Consequently, there has been a long-standing controversy on lymph node sweeping for early stage non-small cell lung cancer, especially for those clinical stage I. The regularity of non-small cell lung cancer lymph node metastasis and the ways of lymph node sweeping will be reviewed in this paper. .
Publication
Journal: Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer
August/27/2019
Abstract
The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) clinical practice guideline of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in 2018 points out that anatomic pulmonary resection is a preferred option for early stage NSCLC. With the development of video-assisted thoracoscopy, minimally invasive thoracic surgery represented by thoracoscopy has been widely used in clinical practice. Video-assisted thoracoscopic segmentectomy has become one of the treatment options for early stage NSCLC. Clinical studies have found that sublobar resection can achieve similar results and preserve more pulmonary function in the treatment of early stage NSCLC compared with lobectomy, but the changes of pulmonary function after segmentectomy are still controversial. This article focuses on the research progress of pulmonary function changes in NSCLC patients after video-assisted thoracoscopic segmentectomy. .
Publication
Journal: Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer
August/27/2019
Abstract
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) was a new pathologic type and uncommon in clinics. The aim of this study is to observe the relationship between clinical pathologic characteristics, imagination, biological behavior and prognosis in NSCLC-NED.The clinical data of 47 patients with NSCLC-NED admitted from January 2009 to November 2017 in the Fifth Medical Center of General Hospital of People's Liberation Army were collected. The demographic data and imaging characteristics were summarized. Pathological features, treatment and prognosis, analysis of the correlation between different factors and prognosis.Of the 47 patients with NSCLC-NED, the median age was 61 years (45 years-78 years), 38 males and 9 females; 37 were poorly differentiated cancer with NED, and 10 were middle differentiated cancer with NED; 2 cases of driving gene positive (1 case of EGFR sensitive mutation, 1 case of ALK fusion), objective response rate (ORR) of first-line chemotherapy was 34.5%, and median progression-free survival (PFS) was 4 months; the median overall survival (OS) was 11 months, and only 2 cases (4.2%, 2/47) of OS were over 2 years.NSCLC-NED is different from simple NSCLC or pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors. Males, ≤70 years old, severely smoking, and patients with lower tumor differentiation often have NED, and most of them are stage IV. This type of patient-driven gene positive proportion is lower than the general adenocarcinoma population, less sensitive to chemotherapy, and the overall survival is shorter, indicating a poor prognosis.
Publication
Journal: Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer
August/27/2019
Abstract
Bronchopulmonary carcinoid (BPC) is a rare neuroendocrine tumor, the clinical studies on treatment and prognostic factors of BPC are somewhat controversial. Our purpose was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of surgery on BPC, and to analyze the prognostic factors affecting the survival of BPC.We retrospectively collected the clinical data of patients with BPC admitted to the Chinese PLA General Hospital between January 2000 and December 2017. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the survival rate of patients and to map the survival curve. Then the effects of different factors like pathological classification, gender, age, on prognosis were compared by univariate analysis and multivariate analysis was made by Cox proportional hazard model.A total of 98 patients had a diagnosis of BPC were included in the study. There were 41 patients with typical carcinoid (TC) and 57 patients with atypical carcinoid (AC). The 1-yr, 5-yr, and 10-yr overall survival rates of BPC were 96.9%, 80.0% and 73.6%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed age (P=0.000,1), smoking history (P=0.005), pathological subtype (P<0.000,1), T stage (P=0.000,2), TNM stage (P<0.000,1) were the prognostic factors. Multivariate analysis showed that age (P=0.005) and tumor stage (P=0.017) were independent prognostic factors.BPC occurred more in middle-aged men. Surgery is the main treatment for lung cancer, and the overall prognosis is good. Age and TNM stage were independent risk factors for long-term survival after lung cancer surgery.
Publication
Journal: Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer
August/27/2019
Abstract
Lung cancer is a worldwide malignancy with high morbidity and mortality in the world. With the application of low-dose spiral computed tomography in the screening and diagnosis of lung cancer, more lung cancers are detected at an early stage and cured by surgical treatment. Anatomical lobectomy has long been the standard procedure for the treatment of early stage non-small cell lung cancer. However, whether intentional segmentectomy can be more used remains controversial. And this paper focuses on the question. .
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