Yan Zhang
Best match
All
Search in:AllTitleAbstractAuthor name
Publications
(7K+)
Publication
Journal: Clinical neurology and neurosurgery
November/9/2019
Abstract
Advanced techniques such as volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) may reduce radiation damage and improve the quality of life for patients.We performed a study comparing dose distributions to the planning target volumes(PTVs) and other organs at risk (OARs) of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT),coplanar VMAT (coVMAT), and non-coplanar VMAT (ncVMAT).13 patients with GBM who had undergone postoperative radiotherapy were enrolled. Three plans for each patient were created, namely, IMRT, coVMAT, and ncVMAT. Prescription doses and normal-tissue constraints were identical for these three plans. The dosimetric differences of target dose distribution, conformity index (CI), homogeneity index (HI), the gradient index (GI), dose of OARs, monitor units (MUs) and beam-on times among these three plans were investigated.These three techniques resulted in comparable maximum, minimum, and mean PTV doses. Small but insignificant differences were observed in GI,CI, and HI. Compared with IMRT, VMAT plans showed statistically significant reductions in the mean doses to the optic chiasm (P < 0.05). Compared with IMRT, VMAT techniques significantly reduced the number of MUs and less beam-on time than IMRT techniques (P < 0.05). However, calculation times were significantly longer for ncVMAT and coVMAT plans at 12 and 12.3 min, versus 2.6 min for IMRT. Our study showed that IMRT or VMAT planning is feasible and efficient for patients with GBM.Compared to IMRT plans, ncVMAT or coVMAT plans showed similar PTV coverage and comparable OARs sparing. VMAT plans significantly reduces the mean doses to the optic chiasm than IMRT plans.There was no obvious superiority of ncVMAT over coVMAT in target coverage and sparing of OARs.Compared with IMRT, VMAT techniques significantly reduced the number of MUs and beam-on time but extended the calculation times.
Publication
Journal: BMC cancer
November/8/2019
Abstract
The computed tomography (CT) features of small solid lung cancers and their changing regularity as they grow have not been well studied. The purpose of this study was to analyze the CT features of solid lung cancerous nodules (SLCNs) with different sizes and their variations.Between February 2013 and April 2018, a consecutive cohort of 224 patients (225 nodules) with confirmed primary SLCNs was enrolled. The nodules were divided into four groups based on tumor diameter (A: diameter ≤ 1.0 cm, 35 lesions; B: 1.0 cm < diameter ≤ 1.5 cm, 60 lesions; C: 1.5 cm < diameter ≤ 2.0 cm, 63 lesions; and D: 2.0 cm < diameter ≤ 3.0 cm, 67 lesions). CT features of nodules within each group were summarized and compared.Most nodules in different groups were located in upper lobes (groups A - D:50.8%-73.1%) and had a gap from the pleura (groups A - D:89.6%-100%). The main CT features of smaller (diameter ≤ 1 cm) and larger (diameter > 1 cm) nodules were significantly different. As nodule diameter increased, more lesions showed a regular shape, homogeneous density, clear but coarse tumor-lung interface, lobulation, spiculation, spinous protuberance, vascular convergence, pleural retraction, bronchial truncation, and beam-shaped opacity (p < 0.05 for all). The presence of halo sign in all groups was similar (17.5%-22.5%; p > 0.05).The CT features vary among SLCNs with different sizes. Understanding their changing regularity is helpful for identifying smaller suspicious malignant nodules and early determining their nature in follow-up.
Publication
Journal: Andrologia
October/31/2019
Abstract
Oligoasthenozoospermia is a common factor leading to male infertility. Acupuncture has been applied for treating male infertility for several thousand years in China, but clinical evidence of its efficacy and safety in treating oligoasthenozoospermia is yet to be established. This review aimed to systematically assess the evidence on the effect of acupuncture in males with oligoasthenozoospermia. Databases (PubMed, EMBASE, SINOMED, CNKI, Wanfang database and Cochrane Library) were searched to identify related studies published before 30th June 2019. The Cochrane risk of bias tool and Jadad score was adopted to assess the methodological quality of included studies. Twelve randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with 1,088 participants were included in this review. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis, but it was not possible due to considerable clinical heterogeneity among the included studies. According to the narrative analysis, acupuncture or acupuncture combined with another intervention was effective in improving the semen quality based on the included studies. However, this result should be interpreted with caution due to high risk. The methodological quality of most included studies was low. The current evidence on acupuncture for oligoasthenozoospermia is inadequate to draw a solid conclusion due to the poor methodological quality. Rigorous full-scale RCTs are needed to validate the therapeutic efficacy and safety of acupuncture in treating oligoasthenozoospermia.
Publication
Journal: Parasite (Paris, France)
October/31/2019
Abstract
Enterocytozoon bieneusi is an important pathogen commonly found in humans and animals. Farmed animals with close contact to humans are important hosts of E. bieneusi. The role of goats in the transmission of E. bieneusi, however, remains unclear. In this study, 341 fresh fecal samples of black goats were collected from five locations in Hainan Province, China. Enterocytozoon bieneusi was identified and genotyped by sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region. Phylogenetic analysis was performed by constructing a neighbor-joining tree of the ITS gene sequences. The average prevalence of E. bieneusi in black goats was 24.0% (82/341) with rates ranging from 6.3% (4/63) to 37.2% (32/86) across the locations (χ2 = 17.252, p < 0.01). Eight genotypes of E. bieneusi were identified, including six known genotypes: CHG5 (n = 47); CHG3 (n = 23); CHG2 (n = 4); CM21 (n = 3); D (n = 2); and AHG1 (n = 1), and two novel genotypes termed HNG-I (n = 1) and HNG-II (n = 1). In the phylogenetic tree, genotype D was clustered into Group 1 and the other identified genotypes were included in Group 2. This represents the first report identifying E. bieneusi in black goats from Hainan Province, with a high prevalence and wide occurrence demonstrated. The two new genotypes identified provide additional insights into the genotypic variations in E. bieneusi. Due to the small percentage of zoonotic genotypes in these animals, there is minimal risk of zoonotic transmission of E. bieneusi.
Publication
Journal: The American journal of gastroenterology
October/28/2019
Publication
Journal: Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology
August/27/2019
Abstract
This study aimed to assess the clinicopathological significance of serum levels and endometrium tissue expression of visfatin in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients. A total of 80 PCOS patients and 80 matching controls were included in this study. We analyzed the relationship between the expression of visfatin in endometrium and clinicopathological characteristics in PCOS patients. The correlation between the expression of visfatin and p-Akt, Akt, p-ERK1/2, and ERK1/2 in PCOS tissues was evaluated as well. Visfatin expression in PCOS endometrial tissues were significantly higher than those in controls (p = .001). The expression of phosphorylation of Akt and ERK1/2 were significantly higher in PCOS endometrium tissues compared to controls (p < .05). Moreover, a high expression of tissue visfatin in PCOS tissues was positively correlated with the expression of p-Akt (p = .015), and p-ERK1/2 (p = .013). Western blotting revealed that protein expression of visfatin in PCOS patients with endometrial hyperplasia and cancer was higher than that in patients with normal endometrium tissues, and the difference was statistically significant (p = .027). The expression of p-Akt (p = .018) and p-ERK1/2 (p = .035) in PCOS patients with endometrial hyperplasia and cancer was significantly higher than that in patients with normal endometrium tissues. Visfatin may be a potential biomarker for endometrial malignant transformation in PCOS patients.
Publication
Journal: Oncology letters
August/19/2019
Abstract
Forkhead box protein N3 (FOXN3) is a transcriptional repressor involved in cell cycle regulation and tumorigenesis. Abnormalities in gene structure and epigenetics of FOXN3 are closely associated with the occurrence of hematological malignancies; however, its involvement in the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains unknown. The present study aimed to examine the potential significance of FOXN3 in AML. FOXN3 expression levels were examined in patients with AML and AML cell lines, and its clinical significance in AML was evaluated. FOXN3-overexpressing AML cell lines were established, and the biological function of FOXN3 was detected by flow cytometry and a Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. A significant decrease in FOXN3 expression levels was observed in patients with AML and in the AML cell lines in vitro. FOXN3 expression levels were associated with the number of leukocytes in patients. FOXN3 overexpression may inhibit cell proliferation in AML cell lines, induce cell cycle S-phase arrest and promote apoptosis in OCI-AML3 and THP-AML cells. The present study provided insight into how FOXN3 may serve as a novel tumor suppressor in AML.
Publication
Journal: Oncology letters
August/19/2019
Abstract
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is one of the most common malignant gynecological tumors. Interval cytoreductive surgery and cisplatin-based chemotherapy are the standard treatments. However, acquired resistance to cisplatin presents a major challenge for improving the overall survival and prognosis of patients. Recent evidence indicates that cytoprotective functions of autophagy in cancer cells is a potential mechanism for chemoresistance. The present study aimed to investigate the mechanisms responsible for cisplatin resistance in EOC cell lines. The results revealed that cisplatin activated autophagy, measured by an increase in the expression of LC3-II by western blot analysis, protecting ovarian cancer cells from cisplatin toxicity. The present study also identified Bcl-2-associated athanogene 3 (BAG3) as a novel autophagy regulator that serves a role in cisplatin resistance. Treatment with cisplatin was observed to enhance BAG3 expression in parental and cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cell lines, and the downregulation of BAG3 blocked cisplatin-induced autophagy, thereby increasing cisplatin sensitivity in the EOC cell lines. In conclusion, BAG3 attenuates cisplatin resistance by inhibiting autophagy, suggesting that downregulation of BAG3 may be a useful therapeutic strategy to overcome cisplatin resistance by preventing cytoprotective autophagy in EOC.
Publication
Journal: Analytical chemistry
July/9/2019
Abstract
In this work, a triggerable H2O2-cleavable fluid switch mediated paper-based biochip, being amenable to multiplexing and quantitative analysis with the dual-response output of visual screening and ratiometric electrochemistry, was developed for sensitive detection of target on-site. By properly implanting hydrophobic Ag-H2O2 responsive material in specific zone to form a programmable fluid switch, the biochip could achieve different modes of blocking/connecting switching automatically. In order to improve the test performance, a ratiometric electrochemical signal readout was designed, which was enhanced by a secondary in situ growth method fabricating trepang-shaped Au modified paper working electrode. In virtue of hybridization chain reaction, classic competitive recognition interactions of aptamer and target, and ratiometric internally calibrated mechanisms, ultrasensitive detection of the target was realized. To acquire a more quantitative and straightforward naked eye visual screening, the hydrophobic Ag switch was triggered by stimulating instructions from H2O2, thus reconnecting the electrochemical and ratiometric units automatically and resulting in a "signal on" visual fluidic flow on the chemometer characterized by the accurate distance of color development as a detection motif. With MCF-7 and K562 cells as models, wider linear detection ranges from 150 to 1.0 × 107 and 220 to 7.0 × 106 cells mL-1 for MCF-7 and K562 cells, respectively, were achieved. Meanwhile, thanks to the paper fluid chemometer, an acceptable screening detection limit of 103 cells mL-1 was obtained in the quantitative colorimetric assays. The proposed paper-based biochips opened up new horizons for designing of integratable, easy-to-use, and precise point-of-care testing devices.
Publication
Journal: Journal of molecular modeling
July/3/2019
Abstract
The mechanism and origin of selectivity for [3 + 2]-cycloaddition (32CA) reactions between thioketone and carbohydrate-derived nitrones in THF were investigated by using the density functional theory (DFT) at the M06-2X/6-311+G(d,p)//M06-2X/6-31+G(d,p) level of theory combined with the solvation SMD model. The calculated results revealed that the 32CA reactions proceed through the asynchronous one-step manner. For the chemoselectivity in thioketone, the C=S bond as a dipolarophile attacking three-atom-component (TAC) nitrone in reactivity was more preferential than the C=O bond. The theoretical results also confirmed the stereoselectivity of two 32CA reactions of thioketone with carbohydrate-derived nitrones with the anti-form product being more favored than the syn-form product, and the predicted anti/syn product ratios are in agreement with the experimental ones in literature. Furthermore, the analysis of the conceptual density functional theory reactivity indices showed that the 32CA reactions have polar character. Weak noncovalent interaction and Parr function analyses are used to reveal the origin of the stereoselectivity. Graphical abstract [3 + 2]-cycloaddition reactions between thioketone and carbohydrate-derived nitrones.
Publication
Journal: Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE
July/1/2019
Abstract
Under the condition of simulating a badminton court in the laboratory, this study used the injury mechanism model to analyze the maximal right lunge movements of eight professional badminton players and eight amateur players. The purpose of this protocol is to study the differences in kinematics and joint moment of the right knee and ankle. A motion capture system and force plate were used to capture data of the joint movements of the lower extremity and the vertical ground reaction force (vGRF). Sixteen young men who did not have any sports injuries in the past 6 months took part in the study. The subjects performed a maximal right lunge from the start position with their right foot, stepping on and fully contacting with the force plate, hit the shuttlecock with an underhand stroke to the designated position in the backcourt, and then returned to the start/end position. All subjects wore the same badminton shoes to avoid a difference in impact from different badminton shoes. The amateur players showed a greater range of ankle movement and reverse joint moment on the frontal plane, and a larger internal joint rotation moment on the horizontal plane. The professional badminton players exhibited greater knee moment on the sagittal and frontal planes. Therefore, these factors should be considered in the development of the training program to reduce the risk of sports injuries in knee and ankle joints. This study simulates the real badminton court and calibrates the range of activities of each movement of the subjects so that the subjects complete the experimental action in a natural state with high quality. A limitation of this study is that it does not combine joint load and muscle activity. Another limitation is that the sample size is small and should be expanded in future studies. This research method can be applied to the lower limb biomechanical research of other footwork in the badminton project.
Publication
Journal: BMC microbiology
June/25/2019
Abstract
The blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis, is the primary vector of the Lyme disease spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi in North America. Though the tick is found across the eastern United States, Lyme disease is endemic to the northeast and upper midwest and rare or absent in the southern portion of the vector's range. In an effort to better understand the tick microbiome from diverse geographic and climatic regions, we analysed the bacterial community of 115 I. scapularis adults collected from vegetation in Texas and Massachusetts, representing extreme ends of the vector's range, by massively parallel sequencing of the 16S V4 rRNA gene. In addition, 7 female I. scapularis collected from dogs in Texas were included in the study.Male I. scapularis ticks had a more diverse bacterial microbiome in comparison to the female ticks. Rickettsia spp. dominated the microbiomes of field-collected female I. scapularis from both regions, as well as half of the males from Texas. In addition, the male and female ticks captured from Massachusetts contained high proportions of the pathogens Anaplasma and Borrelia, as well as the arthropod endosymbiont Wolbachia. None of these were found in libraries generated from ticks collected in Texas. Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter and Mycobacterium were significantly differently abundant (p < 0.05) between the male ticks from Massachusetts and Texas. Anaplasma and Borrelia were found in 15 and 63% of the 62 Massachusetts ticks, respectively, with a co-infection rate of 11%. Female ticks collected from Texas dogs were particularly diverse, and contained several genera including Rickettsia, Pseudomonas, Bradyrhizobium, Sediminibacterium, and Ralstonia.Our results indicate that the bacterial microbiomes of I. scapularis ticks vary by sex and geography, with significantly more diversity in male microbiomes compared to females. We found that sex plays a larger role than geography in shaping the composition/diversity of the I. scapularis microbiome, but that geography affects what additional taxa are represented (beyond Rickettsia) and whether pathogens are found. Furthermore, recent feeding may have a role in shaping the tick microbiome, as evident from a more complex bacterial community in female ticks from dogs compared to the wild-caught questing females. These findings may provide further insight into the differences in the ability of the ticks to acquire, maintain and transmit pathogens. Future studies on possible causes and consequences of these differences will shed additional light on tick microbiome biology and vector competence.
Publication
Journal: Asian journal of andrology
May/28/2019
Abstract
Multiple measurements of nocturnal penile tumescence and rigidity (NPTR) are widely accepted as a method to differentiate psychogenic erectile dysfunction (ED) from organic ED. However, direct evidence remains limited regarding the first-night effect on NPTR measurement using the RigiScan. Here, we evaluated the first-night effect on the results of NPTR measurement to validate the necessity of NPTR measurement for two consecutive nights, particularly when abnormal first-night measurements are recorded in a laboratory setting. We retrospectively reviewed 105 patients with a complaint of ED, who underwent NPTR measurement using the RigiScan in the Department of Infertility and Sexual Medicine, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University (Guangzhou, China), for two consecutive nights, during the period from November 2015 to May 2016. NPTR parameters were collected and analyzed. We found that more effective nocturnal erections were detected during the second night than during the first night (P <0.001). Twenty percent of all patients had no effective erection during the first night, but exhibited at least one effective erection during the second night. The negative predictive value of NPTR measurement during the first night was 43.2%; this was significantly lower than that on the second night (84.2%; P = 0.003). Most NPTR parameters were better on the second night than on the first night. The first-night effect might be greater among patients younger than 40 years of age. In conclusion, two consecutive nightly measurements of NPTR can avoid a false-abnormal result caused by the first-night effect; moreover, these measurements more accurately reflect erectile capacity, especially when the first-night record is abnormal in a laboratory setting.
Publication
Journal: Medicine
May/2/2019
Abstract
Placental abruption (PA) is a serious complication of pregnancy, associated with significant perinatal complications, including intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD). Continuous electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) has been widely applied in China in recent decades. Exploration of potentially PA-specific patterns of EFM contributes to early detection of PA occurrence.A 33-year-old woman (gravida 3, para 1) was referred to our hospital at 33 weeks gestation due to non-reassuring fetal heart rate (FHR) pattern, and suffered sudden onset of severe PA and subsequent intrauterine fetal demise.We analyzed the characteristics of her non-stress tests (NSTs) 1 day and 10 min before the detection of PA, aiming to explore potentially PA-specific patterns of EFM and provide reference for early detection of asymptomatic PA occurrence in obstetric practice.Unfavored characteristics of FHR patterns before PA onset are analyzed.For those who sense decreased fetal movements (DFMs), a NST and a biophysical profile (BPP) are recommended for exclusion of potential adverse maternal and fetal complications.
Publication
Journal: Biochemical and biophysical research communications
April/5/2019
Abstract
Optimal therapeutics to deal with high relapse rates when discontinued is urgent for opioid dependence treatments. Endogenous endomorphin-2 (EM2) level in the central nervous system (CNS) down-regulates obviously after sustained morphine exposure, which suggested that to up-regulate the EM2 level could be a novel method for reinstatement. But the clinical applications of EM2 through conventional administration are limited owing to its short half-life. In our study, we engineered an EM2 gene to achieve the sustained release of EM-2 in CNS by utilizing a signal peptide of mouse growth factor for out-secreting EM2 and a deficient adenovirus as the vector. By intrathecally injecting engineering EM2 gene, a sustained increase of EM2 concentration in the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) was observed along with a reduction of CPP scores. Also, the activation of astrocytes was suppressed in the hippocampus. In summary, this study provides evidence and reference for using intraspinal gene therapy with a combination of mouse growth factor and EM2 to treat morphine reinstatement.
Publication
Journal: HLA
March/21/2019
Abstract
HLA-C*15:144 differs from HLA-C*15:07 (343G->A, G91R).
Related with
Publication
Journal: Journal of investigative surgery : the official journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
March/19/2019
Abstract
The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system has been the standardized staging system for malignancies since the first edition in 1987. The 8th edition of gastric cancer was released in 2016, and is expected to be used in clinical practice in 2018. The aim of this study was to improve this new gastric cancer staging system.We conducted median overall survival analyses in a cohort of 8359 gastric cancer patients from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (2004-2014) via Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank tests, and proposed a modified staging system based on median OS. The concordance index (C-index) was conducted to evaluate the predictive accuracy.Using the 8th AJCC staging system, the median OS of patients at the same stage varied widely between the different substages, especially in stage III. Despite the definitions of T, N, and M, substages in the modified staging system were regrouped based on median OS. The C-index of stage III patients with the modified staging system [0.579, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.564-0.593] was higher than the 8th AJCC staging system (0.567, 95% CI 0.552-0.581). Moreover, we divided these patients into two groups according to their examined lymph node counts (≥15 or 1-14), and studied the effectiveness of the modified staging system in the two groups.The modified 8th AJCC staging system for gastric cancer proposed in this study generates better prognostic stratifications and may be evaluated for further update.AJCC American Joint Committee on Cancer OS Overall Survival SEER Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results.
Publication
Journal: Neuroscience bulletin
March/10/2019
Publication
Journal: Oncology reports
February/28/2019
Abstract
Gastric cancer (GC) is an aggressive and highly lethal gastrointestinal cancer, with an exceedingly poor prognosis. In the present study, the carcinogenic mechanism of human GC and the role of cell division cycle‑associated 3 (CDCA3) were investigated. The expression levels of CDCA3 were investigated in GC samples and matched, peritumoral tissues by reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical analysis. The effects of CDCA3 on cell proliferation were explored by Cell Counting Kit‑8, colony formation, flow cytometric analysis and western blotting in vitro, and in vivo tumorigenesis in nude mice. The results demonstrated that CDCA3 expression was increased in human GC tissues compared with those in adjacent non‑tumor tissues. Evaluation of the clinicopathological significance indicated that CDCA3 was closely associated with features of GC and patients with unfavorable overall survival times. CDCA3 overexpression resulted in the stimulation of cell growth and colony formation in vitro and xenograft tumors in vivo. Conversely, knockdown of CDCA3 inhibited these effects. Furthermore, the ectopic expression of CDCA3 in SGC7901 cells consistently promoted the cell cycle transition from the G0/G1 phase to the S phase; whereas knockdown of CDCA3 in BGC823 cells blocked the transition from the G0/G1 phase. Additionally, the present study revealed that the Ras signaling pathway was involved in CDCA3‑mediated regulation of GC cell proliferation. CDCA3 activated the Ras signaling pathway to promote cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo in GC cells. Levels of CDCA3 greatly accelerated the progression of human GC. CDCA3 served as an oncogene, and may be a significant prognostic predictor and a novel therapeutic target for patients with GC.
Publication
Journal: Physics of life reviews
February/5/2019
Publication
Journal: Frontiers in genetics
January/30/2019
Abstract
Germline variants of PIP4K2A impact susceptibility of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) through inducing its overexpression. Although limited reports suggested the oncogenic role of PIP4K2A in cancers, regulatory network and prognostic effect of this gene remains poorly understood in tumorigenesis and leukemogenesis. In this study, we conducted genome-wide gene expression association analyses in pediatric B-ALL cohorts to discover expression associated genes and pathways, which is followed by the bioinformatics analyses to investigate the prognostic role of PIP4K2A and its related genes in multiple cancer types. 214 candidates were identified to be significantly associated with PIP4K2A expression in ALL patients, with known cancer-related genes rankings the top (e.g., RAC2, RBL2, and TFDP1). These candidates do not only tend to be clustered in the same types of leukemia, but can also separate the patients into novel molecular subtypes. PIP4K2A is noticed to be frequently overexpressed in multiple other types of leukemia and solid cancers from cancer cohorts including TCGA, and associated with its candidates in subtype-specific and cancer-specific manners. Interestingly, the association status varied in tumors compared to their matched normal tissues. Moreover, PIP4K2A and its related candidates exhibit stage-independent prognostic effects in multiple cancers, mostly with its lower expression significantly associated with longer overall survival (p < 0.05). Our findings reveal the transcriptional regulatory network of PIP4K2A in leukemia, and suggest its potentially important role on molecular subtypes of multiple cancers and subsequent treatment outcomes.
Publication
Journal: Frontiers in pharmacology
January/28/2019
Abstract
MicroRNA-181a (miRNA-181a) is a multifaceted miRNA implicated in various cellular processes, particularly in cell fate determination and cellular invasion. It is frequently expressed aberrantly in human tumors and shows opposing functions in different types of cancers. In this study, we found that miRNA-181a is overexpressed in Gastric cancer (GC) tissues. Clinical and pathological analyses revealed that the expression of miRNA-181a is correlated with tumor size, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, and TNM stage. Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that overexpression of miRNA-181a is associated with poor overall survival of patients with GC. Moreover, miRNA-181a is overexpressed in GC cells, and downregulation of miRNA-181a induced cell apoptosis and suppressed the proliferation, invasion, and metastasis of GC cells both in vitro and in vivo. Target prediction and luciferase reporter assay showed that caprin-1 was a direct target of miRNA-181a. Downregulation of caprin-1 expression resulted in a converse change with miRNA-181a in GC. Spearman's correlation test confirmed that the expression of miRNA-181a expression was inversely correlated with that of caprin-1 in GC cells. Furthermore, the expression of caprin-1 increased after downregulation of miRNA-181a in the GC cells. Caprin-1 siRNA can rescue the oncogenic effect of miRNA-181a on GC cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion. These findings suggest that miRNA-181a directly inhibits caprin-1 and promotes GC development. miRNA-181a could be a target for anticancer drug development.
Publication
Journal: Natural product research
January/21/2019
Abstract
Three new neolignan derivatives (1-3), together with three known isolariciresinol derivatives (4-6) were isolated from Selaginella picta. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods (1D/2D NMR, HRESIMS and CD). All isolated compounds were assayed on the neuroprotective activity against the injury of HT-22 cells induced by L-Glutamate in vitro. All compounds displayed potent protective effect on HT-22 cells.
Publication
Journal: Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery : official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery
December/25/2018
Abstract
Distraction osteogenesis can be used to treat hemifacial microsomia in patients of any age group. Application of three-dimensional (3D) technology in the surgical planning of distraction osteogenesis allows the placement of an intraoral distractor to define the cutting line and help predict the outcome of surgery.This study compared the results of distraction osteogenesis performed, using computer-assisted surgery, on OMENS-plus-classified M2A, M2B, and M3 type patients. Comparisons were in terms of either accuracy or predictability.40 patients were selected to participate in the 8-month study. Preoperative image data from 3D-CT scans of the 40 patients were translated into DICOM format 3D cephalometrics, run using the computer software MIMICS version 18, and based on eight reference anatomical landmark points, five lines of measurement, and the midline of the mandibular plane. The distraction vector for the affected side of mandible was selected and the elongation process simulated repeatedly until satisfactory results were obtained. The surgical guide was created using CAD/CAM-RP technology. The distraction osteogenesis procedure was then performed using the surgical guides. Follow-up for all patients continued until 8 months postoperatively. Accuracy with and without computer-assisted surgery was assessed linearly and volumetrically. Simple mean comparisons and paired t-tests were conducted using IBM SPSS V21.In those patients who received computer-assisted surgery, distraction in the M2A type mandible showed accuracy of around 97.77% ± 7.92% (p > 0.05) for height and 97.91% ± 10.23% (p > 0.05) for length of the mandible. Meanwhile, the M2B type mandible presented accuracy of around 93.85% ± 8.07% (p > 0.05) for height and 95.85% ± 10.16% (p > 0.05) for length. For the M3 type mandible accuracy was around 98.42% ± 6.58% (p > 0.05) for height and 97.14% ± 11.45% (p > 0.05) for length. These measurements showed no significant differences between preoperative design and real outcome.Individualized guides improve the accuracy of distraction osteogenesis. They help the surgeon to identify the mandibular defect and ensure the desired outcome after the operation.
load more...