Wei Wang
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Pubmed
Journal: Lab on a chip
November/1/2016
Abstract
The precise manipulation of droplets in microfluidics has revolutionized a myriad of drop-based technologies, such as multiple emulsion preparation, drop fusion, drop fission, drop trapping and drop sorting, which offer promising new opportunities in chemical and biological fields. In this paper, we present an interfacial-tension-directed strategy for the migration of droplets across liquid-liquid laminar streams. By carefully controlling the interfacial energies, droplets of phase A are able to pass across the laminar interfaces of two immiscible fluids from phase B to phase C due to a positive spreading coefficient of phase C over phase B. To demonstrate this, we successfully perform the transfer of water droplets across an oil-oil laminar interface and the transfer of oil droplets across an oil-water laminar interface. The whole transfer process is spontaneous and only takes about 50 ms. We find that the fluid dynamics have an impact on the transfer processes. Only if the flowrate ratios are well matched will the droplets pass through the laminar interface successfully. This interfacial-tension-directed transfer of droplets provides a versatile procedure to make new structures and control microreactions as exemplified by the fabrication of giant unilamellar vesicles and cell-laden microgels.
Pubmed
Journal: Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition
February/2/2006
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To investigate the prevalence, the main manifestations and related factors of sexual dysfunction in female patients with chronic renal insufficiency (CRI).
METHODS
A multi-factor cooperation cross-section study was conducted. The prevalence and severity of sexual dysfunction were assessed using SCASF Microsoft.
RESULTS
The prevalence of sexual dysfunction in patients with CRI was higher than that in those without renal insufficiency (P<0.05). The main manifestations in female patients were "decreased libido, lack of orgasm and no feeling of sex pleasure". Stratified analysis on uremia showed that the prevalence and severity of sexual dysfunction of the patients on hemodialysis were similar to those on peritoneum dialysis. The women with kidney allografts suffered less "decreased-libido, lack of orgasm and no feeling of sex pleasure". Multivariate analyses demonstrated that anemia, depression, and the use of beta-blocker were risk factors for decreased libido. Ageing was a risk factor for "lack of orgasm". The use of r-HuEpo was inversely associated with "lack of orgasm".
CONCLUSIONS
Sexual dysfunctions are common in female patients with CRI. The main manifestations are decreased libido, lack of orgasm and no feeling of sex pleasure. The replacement therapy, especially kidney transplantation, could decrease the prevalence or severity of sexual dysfunction. The genesis of sexual dysfunction is multifactorial, including age, physiological factors, psychological factors and medical conditions.
Pubmed
Journal: Journal of AOAC International
April/17/2014
Abstract
A novel uniform sampling method is proposed in this paper. According to the requirements of uniform sampling, we propose the properties that must be met by analyzing the distribution of samples. Based on this, the proposed uniform sampling method is demonstrated and evaluated strictly by mathematical means such as inference. The uniform sampling tables with respect to Cn(t2) and Cn(t3) are established. Furthermore, a one-dimension uniform sampling method and a multidimension method are proposed. The proposed novel uniform sampling method, which is guided by uniform design theory, enjoys the advantages of simplified use and good representativeness of the whole sample.
Pubmed
Journal: Journal of integrative plant biology
March/5/2009
Abstract
An experiment was designed to determine the effect of the fungal endophyte Neotyphodium lolii on the growth, physiological parameters and mineral element content of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perennel L.), when growing at two N supply levels. Endophyte infection had a significant positive effect on both shoot and root growth of ryegrass, but this difference was only significant in the high N supply treatment. At high N supply, endophyte-infected (EI) plants accumulated more soluble sugar in the sheath and the root than endophyte-free (EF) plants. Endophyte infection affected mineral element concentrations in the root more than in the shoot. We found a significant effect of endophyte infection on B, Mn and Mg in the root, but significant effect was only found on B in the shoot. EI plants tended to accumulate less B in the shoot at both N levels, but accumulated more B, Mn and Mg in the root at low N levels. The difference of growth parameters in different periods was significant. The content of soluble sugar and crude protein in the sheath were also dependent on the growth stages of both EI and EF plants.
Pubmed
Journal: Biomedical chromatography : BMC
August/5/2007
Abstract
The determination of adenine nucleotides and energy charge (EC) has great importance in the characterization of cerebral ischemic injury and post-ischemic recovery. An IP-HPLC method was developed for the quantification of AMP, ADP, ATP and EC in cerebral ischemia and hypoxia of the Neuro-2a cell line. The chromatographic conditions were: a Zorbax SB-C18 reversed-phase column; mobile phase 100 mM KH(2)PO(4), 1 mM tetrabutylammonium hydroxide, and 2.5% acetonitrile, brought to pH 7.0 with potassium hydroxide (4 M), filtered through a 0.45 microm Millipore filter and degassed prior to use. The flow-rate was 1.0 mL/min. The injection volume was 20 microL. Detection was performed at a wavelength of 254 nm under a constant temperature (27 +/- 1 degrees C). The method was validated by means of linearity, using calibration curves constructed with five concentration levels of each compound. The limit of detection was also determined. The system precision was calculated as the coefficient of variation for five injections for each compound tested. Cerebral tissue was homogenized (4 degrees C) in 1 mL of an ice-cold 6% trichloroacetic acid that contained ATPase inhibitor and obtained good recovery (>90%). The results show that the described method for the determination of adenine nucleotides by HPLC has good linearity, limit of detection, precision and specificity, and is simple and rapid to perform.
Pubmed
Journal: International journal of biological macromolecules
July/14/2017
Abstract
The modification of regenerated cellulose (RC) membranes was carried out by using silane coupling agents presenting primary and secondary amino-groups. The grafting of the amino groups onto the modified cellulose molecule was confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic analyses. The crystallinity of the cellulose membranes (CM) decreased after chemical modification as indicated by the X-ray diffraction results. Moreover, a denser structure was observed at the surface and cross section of the modified membranes by SEM images. The contact angle measurements showed that the silane coupling treatment enhanced the hydrophobicity of the obtained materials. Then the catalytic properties of two types of modified membranes were studied in a batch process by evaluating their catalytic performance in a Knoevenagel condensation. The results indicated that the cellulose membrane grafted with many secondary amines exhibited a better catalytic activity compared to the one grafted only by primary amines. In addition, the compact structure of the modified membranes permitted their application in a pervaporation catalytic membrane reactor. Therefore, functional CM that prepared in this paper represented a promising material in the field of industrial catalysis.
Pubmed
Journal: Oncology research
May/10/2017
Abstract
JARID1B has been proven to be upregulated in many human malignancies and is correlated with tumor progression. However, its expression and clinical significance in osteosarcoma are still unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore the effects of JARID1B in osteosarcoma tumorigenesis and development. In this study, we found that the expression levels of JARID1B in osteosarcoma tissues were significantly higher than those in corresponding noncancerous bone tissues. In addition, JARID1B upregulation occurred more frequently in osteosarcoma specimens from patients with a poor prognosis. After JARID1B transfection in osteosarcoma cells, cell proliferation was significantly promoted in vitro and in vivo. On the contrary, knockdown of JARID1B inhibited cell proliferation in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. JARID1B can also decrease the G0/G1 phase cell numbers and increase the S and G₂/M phase cell numbers. We further demonstrated that JARID1B regulates cyclin D1 expression through H3K27me3. These findings indicate that JARID1B may act not only as a novel diagnostic and prognostic marker but also as a potential target for molecular therapy in osteosarcoma.
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Pubmed
Journal: Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)
January/31/2013
Abstract
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are an extremely important class of porous materials with many applications. The metal centers in many important MOFs are zinc cations. However, their Zn environments have not been characterized directly by (67)Zn solid-state NMR (SSNMR) spectroscopy. This is because (67)Zn (I=5/2) is unreceptive with many unfavorable NMR characteristics, leading to very low sensitivity. In this work, we report, for the first time, a (67)Zn natural abundance SSNMR spectroscopic study of several representative zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs) and MOFs at an ultrahigh magnetic field of 21.1 T. Our work demonstrates that (67)Zn magic-angle spinning (MAS) NMR spectra are highly sensitive to the local Zn environment and can differentiate non-equivalent Zn sites. The (67)Zn NMR parameters can be predicted by theoretical calculations. Through the study of MOF-5 desolvation, we show that with the aid of computational modeling, (67)Zn NMR spectroscopy can provide valuable structural information on the MOF systems with structures that are not well described. Using ZIF-8 as an example, we further demonstrate that (67)Zn NMR spectroscopy is highly sensitive to the guest molecules present inside the cavities. Our work also shows that a combination of (67)Zn NMR data and molecular dynamics simulation can reveal detailed information on the distribution and the dynamics of the guest species. The present work establishes (67)Zn SSNMR spectroscopy as a new tool complementary to X-ray diffraction for solving outstanding structural problems and for determining the structures of many new MOFs yet to come.
Pubmed
Journal: Zhong yao cai = Zhongyaocai = Journal of Chinese medicinal materials
December/1/2003
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To study the quality standard for Heshouwu dispensing granule.
METHODS
Heshouwu dispensing granule was identified by TLC and 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy-stilbene-2-O-beta-D-glucoside in Heshouwu dispensing granule were determined by HPLC.
RESULTS
The linear relationship was at the range of 0.4028-3.6252 micrograms and the average recovery was 101.15%, RSD = 2.00% for 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy-stilbene-2-O-beta-D-glucoside.
CONCLUSIONS
The methods were available with a good reproducibility and can be used to control the quality of Heshouwu dispensing granule.
Pubmed
Journal: Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica
December/1/2003
Pubmed
Journal: The Prostate
November/27/2006
Abstract
BACKGROUND
The present study was designed to demonstrate the therapeutic efficacy of a novel immunomodulatory oligonucleotide (IMO) for prostate cancer.
METHODS
We evaluated the effects of the IMO in xenograft (PC-3) and syngeneic (TRAMP C1) models of prostate cancer, and in prostate cancer cells. The IMO was also evaluated in combination with chemotherapy, and the in vitro expression of TLR9 was examined.
RESULTS
The IMO had significant anti-tumor activity in both prostate cancer models and almost complete tumor regression was observed when the IMO was combined with taxotere or gemcitabine. TLR9 mRNA and protein were both expressed in prostate cancer cells. The IMO also induced apoptosis and decreased proliferation and survival of PC-3 cells in vitro in the presence of Lipofectin.
CONCLUSIONS
The IMO inhibits prostate cancer growth in vivo and in vitro, and potentiates the effects of conventional chemotherapeutic agents. This is the first report of TLR9 expression in prostate cancer cells.
Pubmed
Journal: Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English)
July/26/2017
Abstract
Mechanical anisotropy is ubiquitous in biological tissues but is hard to reproduce in synthetic biomaterials. Developing molecular building blocks with anisotropic mechanical response is the key towards engineering anisotropic biomaterials. The three-way-junction (3WJ) pRNA, derived from ϕ29 DNA packaging motor, shows strong mechanical anisotropy upon Mg2+ binding. In the absence of Mg2+ , 3WJ-pRNA is mechanically weak without noticeable mechanical anisotropy. In the presence of Mg2+ , the unfolding forces can differ by more than 4-fold along different pulling directions, ranging from about 47 pN to about 219 pN. Mechanical anisotropy of 3WJ-pRNA stems from pulling direction dependent cooperativity for the rupture of two Mg2+ binding sites, which is a novel mechanism for the mechanical anisotropy of biomacromolecules. It is anticipated that 3WJ-pRNA can be used as a key element for the construction of biomaterials with controllable mechanical anisotropy.
Pubmed
Journal: ACS applied materials & interfaces
July/25/2018
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Pubmed
Journal: Journal of dermatological science
May/31/2018
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Diabetic skin heals wounds poorly. Though obesity is the common risk factor of diabetes mellitus, few studies have investigated its effects on wound healing.
OBJECTIVE
This study aimed to evaluate the morphology and possible mechanism of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC-C) in response to different levels of glucose and palmitic acid, and explore the role of Wnt7a in wound healing.
METHODS
The functional changes of HUVEC-C and mRNA expression of Wnt signaling were determined by analyzing cell viability, migration, tube formation and rt-PCR in gradients of glucose and palmitic acid. Recombinant Wnt7a protein was injected around wounds made on streptozotocin (STZ) -induced diabetic rats with (HF) or without (DM) high-fat diet. Angiogenesis and inflammatory statement were mainly analyzed by immunohistochemistry, ELISA, cytometry and Western blotting.
RESULTS
The expression of Wnt7a significantly decreased in high Glc/PA cultured cells or DM and HF wounded rats. Impaired wound healing was also observed in DM and HF groups. The healing rate significantly accelerated after localized injection with Wnt7a at d10. Moreover, the expression of CD31, eNOS phosphorylation and NO were increased; the reduction of local neutrophils influx, ICAM-1 and IL-6/8 expression levels were obvious especially in diabetic with obesity rats at d10 after Wnt7a treatment.
CONCLUSIONS
This study indicates the potential role of Wnt7a, which is beneficial for regeneration of damaged vessels, moderation of inflammatory statement in diabetic wound healing with or without obesity, thus demonstrating its possible utility as a topical administration to promote healing rate.
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Pubmed
Journal: Carbohydrate polymers
May/31/2018
Abstract
Superhydrophobic surfaces have attracted great attention due to their attractive properties. Biopolymer-based low-cost and environmentally-friendly superhydrophobic coatings with easy-to-perform fabrication methods are always desirable. Herein, we report superhydrophobic surfaces using a one-step spray-coating of chitosan-based nanoparticles. The particles were easily prepared by a nanoprecipitation strategy using synthesized organosoluble chitosan stearoyl ester (CSSE). The resulting particles had an average size of 165 ∼ 235 nm depending on the applied concentration. Subsequently, spray-coating of such particles onto silicon wafer generated a surface with a water contact angle of 155 ± 1°. SEM and AFM images exhibited a nano/microscaled roughness appeared on the coated surface. The superhydrophobic surfaces showed a stable superhydrophobic performance even after storage for 15 days, pH stability between pH 1 to pH 11 and thermal stability until a temperature no more than 50 °C. These properties would broaden the application fields of superhydrophobic surfaces as well as the chitosan itself.
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Pubmed
Journal: Journal of molecular modeling
December/12/2013
Abstract
Molecular docking, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, and binding free energy analysis were performed to reveal differences in the binding affinities between five 2-aminothiazole inhibitors and CDK5. The hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions between inhibitors and adjacent residues are analyzed and discussed. The rank of calculated binding free energies using the MM-PBSA method is consistent with experimental result. The results illustrate that hydrogen bonds with Cys83 favor inhibitor binding. The van der Waals interactions, especially the important contact with Ile10, dominate in the binding free energy and play a crucial role in distinguishing the different bioactivity of the five inhibitors.
Pubmed
Journal: Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
September/7/2015
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To explore the etiologies and imaging features of longitudinally extensive spinal cord lesion (LESCL).
METHODS
The etiologies and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features of 51 hospitalized LESCL patients from January 2011 to August 2013 were reviewed and retrospectively analyzed.
RESULTS
Among them, the causes were neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD, n = 25), isolated longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (n = 6), subacute combined degeneration (n = 4), multiple sclerosis (MS, n = 3), paraneoplastic myelopathy (n = 3), anterior spinal artery syndrome (n = 3), acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (n = 2), spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (n = 2), intramedullary spinal cord metastasis (n = 1), myelopathic leukemia (n = 1) and syringomyelus (n = 1). For MR imaging, at least one lesion of each patient presented continuously longitudinal profile and whole-length spinal cord was involved in 11 patients.
CONCLUSIONS
LESCL may be caused by various diseases. And the imaging features may aid its diagnosis despite a lack of specificity.
Pubmed
Journal: Endoscopy
November/17/2014
Pubmed
Journal: Virologica Sinica
March/27/2017
Abstract
Mammarenaviruses, including lethal pathogens such as Lassa virus and Junín virus, can cause severe hemorrhagic fever in humans. Entry is a key step for virus infection, which starts with binding of the envelope glycoprotein (GP) to receptors on target cells and subsequent fusion of the virus with target cell membranes. The GP precursor is synthesized as a polypeptide, and maturation occurs by two cleavage events, yielding a tripartite GP complex (GPC) formed by a stable signal peptide (SSP), GP1 and GP2. The unique retained SSP interacts with GP2 and plays essential roles in virion maturation and infectivity. GP1 is responsible for binding to the cell receptor, and GP2 is a class I fusion protein. The native structure of the tripartite GPC is unknown. GPC is critical for the receptor binding, membrane fusion and neutralization antibody recognition. Elucidating the molecular mechanisms underlining the structure-function relationship of the three subunits is the key for understanding their function and can facilitate novel avenues for combating virus infections. This review summarizes the basic aspects and recent research of the structure-function relationship of the three subunits. We discuss the structural basis of the receptor-binding domain in GP1, the interaction between SSP and GP2 and its role in virion maturation and membrane fusion, as well as the mechanism by which glycosylation stabilizes the GPC structure and facilitates immune evasion. Understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in these aspects will contribute to the development of novel vaccines and treatment strategies against mammarenaviruses infection.
Pubmed
Journal: Archives of virology
January/29/2017
Abstract
To develop a potential dengue vaccine candidate, a full-length cDNA clone of a novel chimeric virus was constructed using recombinant DNA technology, with Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) vaccine strain SA14-14-2 as the backbone, with its premembrane (prM) and envelope (E) genes substituted by their counterparts from dengue virus type 1 (DENV1). The chimeric virus (JEV/DENV1) was successfully recovered from primary hamster kidney (PHK) cells by transfection with the in vitro transcription products of JEV/DENV1 cDNA and was identified by complete genome sequencing and immunofluorescent staining. No neuroinvasiveness of this chimeric virus was observed in mice inoculated by the subcutaneous route (s.c.) or by the intraperitoneal route (i.p.), while some neurovirulence was displayed in mice that were inoculated directly by the intracerebral route (i.c.). The chimeric virus was able to stimulate high-titer production of antibodies against DENV1 and provided protection against lethal challenge with neuroadapted dengue virus in mice. These results suggest that the chimeric virus is a promising dengue vaccine candidate.
Pubmed
Journal: Journal of assisted reproduction and genetics
March/23/2011
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
to analyze the abundance and difference of voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) mRNA in ejaculated spermatozoa from normozoospermic fertile donors and infertile patients with idiopathic asthenozoospermia.
METHODS
high motile and low motile spermatozoa were separated respectively from ejaculates of 36 donors and 40 patients using a discontinuous Percoll gradient centrifugation. Real-Time PCR was performed to detect mRNA abundance and difference of three VDAC subtypes between two groups with different sperm motility.
RESULTS
real-Time PCR demonstrated that three VDAC mRNAs were present in mature spermatozoa. The VDAC2 mRNA level in ejaculated spermatozoa of patients was significantly higher than that of donors. No significant differences of VDAC1 and VDAC3 mRNA levels were found between two groups.
CONCLUSIONS
the high abundance of VDAC2 mRNA seemed to have a positive correlation with low sperm motility. The abnormal expression of VDAC might be related to male infertility with idiopathic asthenozoospermia.
Pubmed
Journal: ACS applied materials & interfaces
September/16/2018
Abstract
A critical challenge in environmental remediation is the design of adsorbents with proper pore size for the removal of organic pollutants. Three covalent organic frameworks (COFs) with different pore sizes were successfully prepared by a room-temperature solution-suspension method and used to remove a typical aryl-organophosphorus flame retardant [triphenyl phosphate (TPhP)] from aqueous solution. The prepared COFs showed strong acid resistance and thermal stability. The 1,3,5-triformylphloroglucinol (TFP) reacted with benzidine (BD) (COF2) and exhibited the highest sorption capacity for TPhP, followed by the reaction of TFP and 4,4″-diamino- p-terphenyl (DT) (COF3), and the reaction of TFP and p-phenylenediamine (COF1). Their adsorption equilibriums were achieved within 12 h, and COFs with a larger pore size have higher initial sorption rate but longer time to reach sorption equilibrium. According to the Langmuir fitting, the maximum sorption capacities of three COFs for TPhP were 86.1, 387.2, and 371.2 mg/g, respectively. The density functional theory calculation verified that COF1 with a small pore size prevents TPhP molecules from entering the pores, resulting in extremely low sorption capacity, whereas a relatively too large pore size (COF3) will decrease the sorption energy, which is also not conducive to the adsorption of TPhP. Moreover, the prepared COFs can selectively adsorb TPhP in the presence of coexisting compounds and had high removal of TPhP from actual municipal wastewater, showing a promising application potential for selective removal of micropollutants from water by precisely controlling the COF structure.
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Pubmed
Journal: Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu
March/29/2016
Abstract
Currently, functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is widely used in the field of Neuroimaging. To solve the signal-noise frequency spectrum aliasing in non-linear and non-stationary fNIRS characteristic signal extraction, a new joint multi-resolution algorithm, EEMD-ICA, is proposed based on combining Independent Component Analysis with Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposing. After functional brain imaging instrument detected the multi-channel and multi-wavelength NIR optical density signals, EEMD was performed to decompose measurement signals into multiple intrinsic mode function according to the signal frequency component. Then ICA was applied to extract the interest data from IMFs into ICs. Finally, reconstructed signals were obtained by accumulating the ICs set. EEMD-ICA was applied in de-noising Valsalva test signals which were considered as original signals and compared with Empirical Mode Decomposing and Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposing to illustrate validity of this algorithm. It is proved that useful information loss during de-noising and invalidity of noise elimination are completely solved by EEMD-ICA. This algorithm is more optimized than other two de-noising methods in error parameters and signal-noise-ratio analysis.
Pubmed
Journal: Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology
May/25/2016
Abstract
microRNAs (miRNAs) are an extensive class of -22-nucleotide (nt) endogenous noncoding RNAs regulating life activities ofmetazoans through binding to 3'-untranslated regions (3'-UTRs) of their target genes. This work aimed to identify yan gene in the silkworm, reveal its expression profile and confirm if it is one target of bmo-miR-7 and, as such, have potential for contributing to better understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in the metamorphosis of silkworm. Based on homolog searching and PCR amplification, we cloned the coding sequence (CDS) of Bmyan, which encodes 476 amino acid residues and contains SAM-PNT and ETs domains. Quantitative PCR (q-PCR), RT-PCR and microarray data revealed high expression of Bmyan in the head, body wall and ovary of day-3 fifth instar larval silkworm, low or no expression in other tissues. It was lowly expressed in the early larval stages, but highly expressed from late spinning to day 4 pupa. The 3'-UTR of Bmyan was obtained by rapid-amplification of cDNA ends (3'RACE) and predicted to contain two potential recognition sites of bmo-miR-7. The luciferase reporter vector containing the 3'-UTR of Bmyan was constructed and co-transfected into BmE cell line with the mimic of bmo-miR-7 and the decreased relative activity of luciferase showed that Bmyan is one target of bmo-miR-7. This work helps further functional analysis of bmo-miR-7 and Bmyan in the silkworm.
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