Wei Wang
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Publication
Journal: Chinese journal of natural medicines
November/9/2019
Abstract
Cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A) is a human oncoprotein that is overexpressed in multiple kinds of cancers including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). CIP2A plays an 'oncogenic nexus' to participate in the tumorigenesis and chemoresistance in several cancer types. AKT and mTORC1 overactivation are detected in NSCLC and many other cancers. Previous studies found that the CIP2A/AKT/mTOR pathway controls cell growth, apoptosis, autophagy process. Polyphyllin I (PPI) and polyphyllin VII (PPVII) are natural components extracted from Paris polyphylla that display anti-cancer properties. In the present study, we investigated whether PPI and PPVII can be used in the cisplatin (DDP)-resistant human NSCLC cell line A549/DDP. Results demonstrated that PPI and PPVII treatment significantly suppressed A549/DDP cell proliferation, migration, invasion and EMT, induced apoptosis and autophagy. Further examination of the mechanism revealed that the PPI and PPVII significantly upregulated the p53, induced caspase-dependent apoptosis and suppressed the CIP2A/AKT/mTOR pathway. The activation of autophagy was mediated through PPI and PPVII induced inhibition of mTOR. We propose that PPI and PPVII might be developed as candidate drugs for DDP-resistant NSCLC.
Publication
Journal: European journal of neurology
November/6/2019
Abstract
Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) is associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke (IS). However, the causality of this association is uncertain. We aim to investigate whether genetically raised plasma CRP concentration levels are associated with the IS based on the Mendelian randomization (MR) method.Based on the National Center for Biotechnology Information SNP database, the Chinese online genetic database as well as previously published studies, four CRP-associated SNPs alleles (rs1130864, rs1205, rs876537 and rs3093059) with minor allele frequency (MAF) ≥ 0.15 were selected and the concentration levels of CRP were measured in 378 first-ever IS patients and 613 healthy controls.Three SNPs were chosen and used as instrumental variables. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) (95% confidence interval (95% CI)) of IS per addition of the modelled allele were 1.07 (0.79-1.45) for rs876537, 0.99 (0.73-1.35) for rs1205 and 1.08 (0.71-1.65) for rs3093059. The OR (95% CI) of IS for the plasma CRP ≥ 2.0 mg/L was 2.19 (1.06-4.53) as compared with < 2.0 mg/L. The adjusted OR (95% CI) of IS per genetically predicted 10% higher CRP concentration, based on the three SNPs as the instruments, was 1.02 (0.94-1.11). Furthermore, the similar results were obtained with the adjusted ORs (95% CI) of 1.00 (0.88-1.13) and 1.04 (0.93-1.16), respectively, for large-artery atherosclerosis and small-artery occlusion per genetically predicted 10% higher CRP concentration.This MR study provides no clear support that elevated CRP concentration is causally associated with the risk of IS.
Publication
Journal: Scientific reports
November/5/2019
Abstract
Understanding the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of an urban region is vital for policy-making, urban management, and urban planning. Auditing socioeconomic and demographic patterns traditionally entails producing a large portion of data by human-participant surveys, which are usually costly and time consuming. Even with newly developed computational methods, amenity characteristics such as typeface, color, and graphic element choices are still missing at the city scale. However, they have a huge impact on personalized preferences. Currently, researchers tend to use large-scale street view imagery to uncover physical and socioeconomic patterns. In this research, we first propose a framework that uses deep convolutional neural network to recognize the typeface from street view imagery in London. Second, we analyze the relationship between 11 typefaces and the average household income in 77 wards of London. The result show that the typefaces used in the neighborhood are highly correlated with economic and demographic factors. Typeface could be an alternative metric to evaluate economic and demographic status in large-scale urban regions. More generally, typeface can also act as a key visual characteristic of a city.
Publication
Journal: Optics express
November/5/2019
Abstract
In this paper, a kind of super-mode orbital angular momentum microstructured fiber (SM-OAM-MSF) is proposed. By introducing 20 Ge-doped equiangular cylindrical inclusions in the ring-core region, mode coupling mechanism is employed in the formation of super-OAM (SOAM) modes. Specifically, the double degenerated out-of-phase SMs are first generated by the coupling of individual core mode, then the quadruple degenerated SOAM modes are formed by combining two components of the out-of-phase SMs with a phase difference of ±π/2. Theoretical analysis and numerical results reveal that the effective index difference (Δneff) between adjacent out-of-phase SM groups are strongly influenced by the parameters of the individual core except the ring-core's width. Therefore, large mode area and SOAM modes' index separation larger than 1.0×10-4 can be achieved simultaneously in our proposed SM-OAM-MSF. Through careful fiber design, HE1,1 and HE2,1 are used in the formation of SMs and SOAM modes. Simulations show that all the nine SOAM groups originating from HE1,1 mode and the first five SOAM groups stemming from normal coupling of HE2,1 mode can be supported above 1.0µm, that are 56 SOAM modes in total. The highest purity is 99.86% for SOAM±2,1±,5 mode. And the maximum mode area (Aeff) value reaches up to 638.88µm2 at 1.55µm, which is nearly eight times larger compared to that of conventional ring-core MSFs.
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Publication
Journal: Optics express
November/5/2019
Abstract
In the nano-fabrication field, high precision displacement tracing of the fabricating beam is extensively required. Due to the coherence noise and the sensitivity to environmental disturbances, the commonly used measuring methods base on the laser interferometry are unstable. In this paper, a high-precision measuring method for the three-dimensional displacements is developed based on the low coherence interferometry. The interferogram at a particular location is unique and distinctive, which can be applied as a benchmark for the absolute measurement of positions. Consequently, interferograms are continuously acquired during the movement of the nano-stage, then the quantitative relationship between the stage position/tilt and the interferograms is established by analytic calculation. Besides, the influence of random errors can be suppressed by the averaging effect of the least squares fitting, thereby enhancing the precision by more than an order of magnitude compared with traditional methods. The measuring uncertainty is derived and the impacts of the main influencing factors are investigated. Experiments demonstrate that the measuring repeatability can achieve 1.16 nm. As a result, the proposed method can reliably obtain the absolute position and three dimensional trajectory of the nano-stage, and it is of significance to improve the reliability of nano-measurement and fabrication.
Publication
Journal: European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society
October/30/2019
Abstract
To investigate the age-based normal values of sagittal parameters and establish the relationships between them in Chinese population.Two hundred eighteen asymptomatic adult volunteers were included in this cross-sectional study. The whole spine standing radiograph was taken from them, and the parameters including sagittal vertical axis (SVA), T1 pelvic angle (TPA), global tilt (GT), spino-sacral angle, lumbar lordosis (LL), thoracic kyphosis (TK), T1 slope (T1S), cervical lordosis (CL), C2-C7SVA, pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slop (SS) and pelvic incidence (PI) were measured. The gender differences in sagittal alignment were compared. Pearson correlation was calculated, and a linear regression analysis was used to establish the relation between PI and other parameters.

RESULTS
The average values of PI, LL, TPA and GT were 46.2°, 48.2°, 7.8° and 10.6°, respectively, in this cohort. SVA, GT, TPA, TK, T1S, CL and PT significantly increased with age (p < 0.05). The females presented smaller T1S, C2-C7SVA and larger PI, PT than the males. The relationships between PI and TPA, GT, SS, LL could be presented as TPA = 0.411 * PI - 11.2 (R2 = 0.328, p < 0.001), GT = 0.483 * PI - 11.7 (R2 = 0.297, p < 0.001), SS = 0.354 * PI + 16.1 (R2 = 0.203, p < 0.001), LL = 0.588 * PI + 21.0 (R2 = 0.267, p < 0.001), respectively.

The normal values of sagittal parameters were presented and changed with age in Chinese asymptomatic population. The gender differences existed in sagittal parameters. The relationships between PI and other parameters were established which could be used for further research. These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Publication
Journal: AIDS and behavior
October/30/2019
Abstract
Men who have sex with men (MSM) often experience depressive symptoms. However, the potential mechanisms resulting in depressive symptoms are not fully understood. Here, we explore possible mechanisms behind the associations between sexual minority stigma (SMS), sexual orientation concealment (SOC), and social support (SS) with depressive symptoms among MSM. Data (N = 715) used in the study were from the baseline survey of a 3-year cohort study in China. Computer-assisted self-interview was used to collect data. Mediation and moderated mediation modeling analysis were employed to address the question. It was found that SOC partially mediated the association between SMS and depressive symptoms (indirect effect = 0.11, 95% CI 0.05-0.17). SS moderated the mediation model by buffering the path from SMS to SOC (β = 0.17, t = 3.18, P = 0.002). These findings suggested that SS might strengthen the association between SMS and depressive symptoms by moderating the pathway between SMS and SOC.
Publication
Journal: Brain research
October/18/2019
Abstract
Microglial activation plays a crucial role in the pathology of ischemic stroke. Recently, we demonstrated that fingolimod (FTY720) exerted neuroprotective effects via immunomodulation in ischemic white matter damage induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, which was accompanied by robust microglial activation. In this study, we assessed the pro-angiogenic potential of FTY720 in a murine model of acute cortical ischemic stroke.The photothrombotic (PT) method was used to induce cortical ischemic stroke in mice. We evaluated cortical damage, behavioral deficits, microglial polarization, and angiogenesis to identify the neuroprotective effects and possible molecular mechanisms of FTY720 in acute ischemic stroke.In vivo, a reduction in neuronal loss and improved motor function were observed in FTY720-treated mice after PT stroke. Immunofluorescence staining revealed that robust microglial activation and the associated neuroinflammatory response in the peri-infarct area were ameliorated by FTY720 via its ability to polarize microglia toward the M2 phenotype. Furthermore, both in vivo and in vitro, angiogenesis was enhanced in the microglial M2 phenotype state. Behaviorally, a significant improvement in the FTY720-treated group compared to the control group was evident from days 7 to 14.Our research indicated that FTY720 treatment promoted angiogenesis via microglial M2 polarization and exerted neuroprotection in PT ischemic stroke.
Publication
Journal: Journal of experimental botany
October/16/2019
Abstract
Cell viability requires the maintenance of intracellular homeostasis through the unfolded protein response mediated by receptors localized on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane. The receptor IRE1 mediates not only various adaptive outputs but also programmed cell death (PCD) under varying stress levels. However, little is known about the mechanism by which the same receptors trigger different responses in plants. Arabidopsis Golgi anti-apoptotic protein 1 (GAAP1) and GAAP3 resist PCD upon ER stress and negatively modulate the adaptive response of the IRE1-bZIP60 pathway through IRE1 association. To elucidate the mechanism underlying the anti-PCD activity of GAAPs, we attempted to isolate interactors of GAAPs by yeast two-hybrid screening. Membrane-associated progesterone receptor 3 (MAPR3) was isolated as one of the factors interacting with GAAP. Mutations in GAAP1/GAAP3 and/or MAPR3 enhanced the sensitivity of seedlings to ER stress. Whole-transcriptome analysis combined with quantitative reverse transcription-PCR and cellular analysis showed that regulated IRE1-dependent decay (RIDD) and autophagy were impaired in mutants mapr3, gaap1mapr3, and gaap3mapr3. MAPR3, GAAP1, and GAAP3 interacted with IRE1B as determined by protein interaction assays. These data suggest that the interaction of GAAP1/GAAP3 with MAPR3 mitigates ER stress to some extent through regulating IRE10-mediated RIDD and autophagy.
Publication
Journal: Nonlinear dynamics, psychology, and life sciences
October/6/2019
Abstract
The number of people living with HIV (PLWH) increases rapidly with advancement in antiretroviral therapy. Suicide prevention is challenging, particularly for PLWH because of the negative impact of HIV-related stigma and social capital reduction. However, only a small proportion of the variance in suicide risk can be explained by these variables if a linear paradigm is used as guidance. In this study, we tested a nonlinear cusp catastrophe modeling. Participants (N = 523) were PLWH selected through a risk venue-based method in Wuhan, a provincial capital city in China. Suicidal ideation post HIV+ diagnosis and in the past 30 days and suicide plan and attempt were assessed. Data were collected using self-report questionnaire and were analyzed using both the direct and multivariate stochastic cusp catastrophe modeling methods with social capital as asymmetry variable and HIV-related stigma as bifurcation variable. The analysis was executed using R, including nls() function for the direct method and 'cusp' package for the stochastic modeling. Results from stochastic cusp modeling analysis indicated that social capital was significantly associated with risk of suicide after controlling for key covariates; the association was significantly bifurcated by HIV-related stigma. The data fit the cusp model better than the alternative linear model (R2 =.483 vs. .127). Findings of this study indicate suicide behaviors among Chinese PLWH follow a nonlinear dynamic system. In addition to enhancing our understanding of suicide risk, findings of this study underscore the significance in social capital enhancement and stigma reduction for suicide prevention among PLWH in China.
Publication
Journal: Gland surgery
September/20/2019
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate the one-stage reconstruction of primary or secondary neoplastic defects in the parotid masseter area.Fifty-eight cases of soft tissue defects reconstruction caused by tumors in the parotid masseter area from 2014 to 2018 were analyzed. The minimum area of defect was 4 cm × 5 cm, and the maximum area was 12 cm × 12 cm. According to the characteristics of the defect and the condition of the patient, the individualized repair method was adopted. Among them, 40 cases were repaired with adjacent flaps, 6 cases with pectoralis major myocutaneous flaps and 12 cases with free flaps.All of the 58 flaps survived, 2 of which were recurrent after radiotherapy. The skin flaps healed poorly with the surrounding skin and healed entirely after 2 weeks of dressing change. The patients were followed up for 6 months to 4 years. One patient with parotid carcinoma recurred locally, one with squamous cell carcinoma of parotid gland died of lung metastasis, and one with malignant melanoma died of brain metastasis.The soft tissue defect in the parotid masseter region caused by the tumor is common. It is necessary to combine the characteristics of the defect and the general situation of the patient clinically. The individualized method of repair and reconstruction can achieve the effect of a radical cure of the tumor and the consideration of local morphology and function.
Publication
Journal: American journal of cancer research
September/9/2019
Abstract
Emerging evidence suggests that circular RNA (circRNA) plays a fundamental role in tumorigenesis. However, its contribution to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) malignancy remains largely unknown. Here, we performed circRNA microarray expression profile in four paired HCC and normal tissues, and found that circ-ADD3, a novel circRNA derived from linear ADD3 exon 4 to exon 12, was significantly downregulated in HCC, which was further validated in 112 matched HCC and paracancerous tissues. High circ-ADD3 expression was negatively correlated with vascular invasion, intrahepatic metastasis as well as distant metastasis. Moreover, it was identified as an effective biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis of HCC. Functionally, exogenous expression of circ-ADD3 dramatically weakened HCC cell invasion and metastasis both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, circ-ADD3 was capable of reinforcing the interaction between CDK1 and EZH2, resulting in increased EZH2 ubiquitination and subsequent degradation via phosphorylation at Thr-345 and Thr-487 sites. The decreased EZH2 markedly increased the expression of a cohort of anti-metastatic genes, including circ-ADD3, by reducing H3K27me3 levels on their promoter regions, which formed a regulatory circuit, thereby dampening HCC metastasis. Taken together, our findings unveil the essential role of circ-ADD3 in inhibiting HCC metastasis through regulation of EZH2 stability.
Publication
Journal: Oncology letters
August/27/2019
Abstract
Voltage-dependent anion channels (VDACs) are situated in the outer membrane of the mitochondria and serve as gatekeepers that control metabolite and ion exchange between the cytosol and mitochondria. VDAC1 is one of the most studied members of the VDAC protein family and is overexpressed in multiple types of cancer. However, the specific biological function and regulatory mechanism of VDAC1 in breast cancer remains unclear. The present study investigated the biological role of VDAC1 in breast cancer cells using an MTS assay. The association of clinicopathological features with VDAC1 in breast cancer was analyzed by Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis. The regulatory mechanism of VDAC1 was determined by cell transfection, western blot analysis, reverse transcription-quantitative (q)PCR analysis, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and ChIP-qPCR analysis. The results of the present study demonstrated that VDAC1 promoted breast cancer proliferation and was associated with a poor prognosis in patients with breast cancer. Additionally, it was observed that the expression of VDAC1 could be decreased by the bromodomain inhibitor (JQ1), and bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) was indicated to be a regulator of VDAC1. Furthermore, results suggested that VDAC1 may be involved in the resistance of breast cancer to JQ1. Collectively, the present findings uncovered important aspects of the function of VDAC1 in the tumor progression of breast cancer, and may provide a basis for potential therapeutic strategies for the treatment of breast cancer.
Publication
Journal: Materials (Basel, Switzerland)
August/23/2019
Abstract
In this paper, a high-quality sputtered-GeSn layer on Ge (100) with a Sn composition up to 7% was demonstrated. The crystallinity of the GeSn layer was investigated via high-resolution X-ray diffraction (HR-XRD) and the strain relaxation degree of the GeSn layer was evaluated to be approximately 50%. A novel method was also proposed to evaluate the averaged threading dislocation densities (TDDs) in the GeSn layer, which was obtained from the rocking curve of GeSn layer along the (004) plane. The photoluminescence (PL) measurement result shows the significant optical emission (1870 nm) from the deposited high-quality GeSn layer. To verify whether our deposited GeSn can be used for optoelectronic devices, we fabricated the simple vertical p-i-n diode, and the room temperature current-voltage (I-V) characteristic was obtained. Our work paves the way for future sputtered-GeSn optimization, which is critical for optoelectronic applications.
Publication
Journal: Scientific reports
August/16/2019
Abstract
Radiomics reflects the texture and morphological features of tumours by quantitatively analysing the grey values of medical images. We aim to develop a nomogram incorporating radiomics and the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) for predicting breast cancer in BI-RADS ultrasound (US) category 4 or 5 lesions. From January 2017 to August 2018, a total of 315 pathologically proven breast lesions were included. Patients from the study population were divided into a training group (n = 211) and a validation group (n = 104) according to a cut-off date of March 1st, 2018. Each lesion was assigned a category (4A, 4B, 4C or 5) according to the second edition of the American College of Radiology (ACR) BI-RADS US. A radiomics score was generated from the US image. A nomogram was developed based on the results of multivariate regression analysis from the training group. Discrimination, calibration and clinical usefulness of the nomogram for predicting breast cancer were assessed in the validation group. The radiomics score included 9 selected radiomics features. The radiomics score and BI-RADS category were independently associated with breast malignancy. The nomogram incorporating the radiomics score and BI-RADS category showed better discrimination (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC]: 0.928; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.876, 0.980) between malignant and benign lesions than either the radiomics score (P = 0.029) or BI-RADS category (P = 0.011). The nomogram demonstrated good calibration and clinical usefulness. In conclusion, the nomogram combining the radiomics score and BI-RADS category is potentially useful for predicting breast malignancy in BI-RADS US category 4 or 5 lesions.
Publication
Journal: Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences
July/30/2019
Abstract
Considerable progress in reproduction of dairy goats has been made, with advances in reproductive technology accelerating dairy goat production since the 1980s. Reproduction in goats is described as seasonal. The onset and length of the breeding season is dependent on various factors such as breed, climate, physiological stage, male effect, breeding system, and photoperiod. The reproductive physiology of goats was investigated extensively, including hypothalamic and pituitary control of the ovary related to estrus behavior and cyclicity etc. Photoperiodic treatments coupled with the male effect allow hormone-free synchronization of ovulation, but the kidding rate is still less than for hormonal treatments. Different protocols have been developed to meet the needs and expectations of producers; dairy industries are subject to growing demands for year round production. Hormonal treatments for synchronization of estrus and ovulation in combination with artificial insemination (AI) or natural mating facilitate out-of-season breeding and the grouping of the kidding period. The AI with fresh or frozen semen has been increasingly adopted in the intensive production system, this is perhaps the most powerful tool that reproductive physiologists and geneticists have provided the dairy goat industry with for improving reproductive efficiency, genetic progress and genetic materials transportation. One of the most exciting developments in the reproduction of dairy animals is embryo transfer (ET), the so-called second generation reproductive biotechnology following AI. Multiple ovulation and ET (MOET) program in dairy goats combining with estrus synchronization (ES) and AI significantly increase annual genetic improvement by decreasing the generation interval. Based on the advances in reproduction technologies that have been utilized through experiments and investigation, this review will focus on the application of these technologies and how they can be used to promote the dairy goat research and industry development in the future.
Publication
Journal: Journal of cellular and molecular medicine
July/22/2019
Abstract
Osteoclast overactivation-induced imbalance in bone remodelling leads to pathological bone destruction, which is a characteristic of many osteolytic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, periprosthetic osteolysis and periodontitis. Natural compounds that suppress osteoclast formation and function have therapeutic potential for treating these diseases. Stachydrine (STA) is a bioactive alkaloid isolated from Leonurus heterophyllus Sweet and possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer and cardioprotective properties. However, its effects on osteoclast formation and function have been rarely described. In the present study, we found that STA suppressed receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast formation and bone resorption, and reduced osteoclast-related gene expression in vitro. Mechanistically, STA inhibited RANKL-induced activation of NF-κB and Akt signalling, thus suppressing nuclear factor of activated T cells c1 induction and nuclear translocation. In addition, STA alleviated bone loss and reduced osteoclast number in a murine model of LPS-induced inflammatory bone loss. STA also inhibited the activities of NF-κB and NFATc1 in vivo. Together, these results suggest that STA effectively inhibits osteoclastogenesis both in vitro and in vivo and therefore is a potential option for treating osteoclast-related diseases.
Publication
Journal: Human gene therapy
July/10/2019
Abstract
Netherton syndrome (NS) is a rare autosomal recessive skin disorder caused by mutations in SPINK5. It is a debilitating condition with notable mortality in the early years of life. There is no curative treatment. We undertook a nonrandomized, open-label, feasibility, and safety study using autologous keratinocytes transduced with a lentiviral vector encoding SPINK5 under the control of the human involucrin promoter. Six NS subjects were recruited, and gene-modified epithelial sheets were successfully generated in three of five subjects. The sheets exhibited expression of correctly sized lympho-epithelial Kazal-type-related inhibitor (LEKTI) protein after modification. One subject was grafted with a 20 cm2 gene-modified graft on the left anterior thigh without any adverse complications and was monitored by serial sampling for 12 months. Recovery within the graft area was compared against an area outside by morphology, proviral copy number and expression of the SPINK5 encoded protein, LEKTI, and its downstream target kallikrein 5, which exhibited transient functional correction. The study confirmed the feasibility of generating lentiviral gene-modified epidermal sheets for inherited skin diseases such as NS, but sustained LEKTI expression is likely to require the identification, targeting, and engraftment of long-lived keratinocyte stem cell populations for durable therapeutic effects. Important learning points for the application of gene-modified epidermal sheets are discussed.
Publication
Journal: ACS applied materials & interfaces
July/8/2019
Abstract
Organic-inorganic metal-halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have been revolutionizing the photovoltaic (PV) community in the past decade. However, the trap states in TiO2 as the electron-transport layer seriously affect the device PV performance and stability. Here, we design and synthesize a fullerene derivative C60NH2 featuring an amino-terminated group. We use C60NH2 as a passivation layer between TiO2 and perovskite in planar PSCs with a standard configuration to improve the quality of the obtained perovskite film as well as the electron-transfer efficiency, resulting in an obvious increment of PV performance and stability of the devices. The champion power conversion efficiency of 18.34% is achieved under 100 mW cm-2 illumination utilizing C60NH2 as the passivation layer with much less hysteresis. Planar PSCs demonstrate superior stability under natural sunlight and 40-50% relative humidity after C60NH2 passivation. This work enriches the choices of materials for interface engineering toward fabrication of planar PSCs with high performance.
Publication
Journal: The Journal of international medical research
May/20/2019
Abstract
Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is a rare and highly aggressive tumor. Early diagnosis is challenging, which results in a poor prognosis using systemic therapy. Recent studies have identified a subset of GBC patients with HER2 gene (ERBB2) amplification that could benefit from HER2-targeted therapy. Here, we report one patient with recurrent metachronous GBC with metastasis, who received the combination of trastuzumab and lapatinib. This approach achieved a partial response for both the brain and the lung metastases. This study demonstrated that HER2 inhibition is a promising therapeutic strategy for GBC with HER2 amplification and, combined with lapatinib, it can effectively target brain metastasis.
Publication
Journal: Microsystems & nanoengineering
May/6/2019
Abstract
Large-area micropore arrays with a high porosity are in high demand because of their promising potential in liquid biopsy with a large volume of clinical sample. However, a micropore array with a large area and a high porosity faces a serious mechanical strength challenge. The filtration membrane may undergo large deformation at a high filtration throughput, which will decrease its size separation accuracy. In this work, a keyhole-free Parylene molding process has been developed to prepare a large (>20 mm × 20 mm) filtration membrane containing a 2.5-dimensional (2.5D) micropore array with an ultra-high porosity (up to 91.37% with designed pore diameter/space of 100 μm/4 μm). The notation 2.5D indicates that the large area and the relatively small thickness (approximately 10 μm) of the fabricated membranes represent 2D properties, while the large thickness-to-width ratio (10 μm/ < 4 μm) of the spaces between the adjacent pores corresponds to a local 3D feature. The large area and high porosity of the micropore array achieved filtration with a throughput up to 180 mL/min (PBS solution) simply driven by gravity. Meanwhile, the high mechanical strength, benefiting from the 2.5D structure of the micropore array, ensured a negligible pore size variation during the high-throughput filtration, thereby enabling high size resolution separation, which was proven by single-layer and multi-layer filtrations for particle separation. Furthermore, as a preliminary demonstration, the prepared 2.5-dimensional Parylene C micropore array was implemented as an efficient filter for rare cancer cell separation from a large volume, approximately 10 cells in 10 mL PBS and undiluted urine, with high recovery rates of 87 ± 13% and 56 ± 13%, respectively.
Publication
Journal: Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences
April/11/2019
Abstract
To illustrate the literature distribution, research power distribution, and research hotspots in the radiomics research by using knowledge mapping analysis, and to provide reference for relevant researchers. Methods: Bibliographies from literature regarding radiomics in Web of Science database were downloaded. BICOM 2.0.1 and SATI 3.2 were used to clean and caculate the frequency of publication year, journal, author, key word, and research institution. CiteSpace V4.4.R1 was used to build the knowledge map of scientific research collaboration network between countries/regions.Ucinet 6 was used to build the knowledge map of scientific research collaboration network between core authors and institutions. gCLUTO 1.0 was applied to construct high-frequency keywords bi-clustering map. Results: A total of 700 literature was screened. Since 2012 the number of publications has been growing rapidly year by year. The United States, China, and Netherlands were leaders in this field. There were 5 major scientific research institution cooperative groups and 10 major author cooperative groups. Eight research hotspots were clustered by using high-frequency key word bi-clustering analysis. Conclusion: Radiomics is a new field and develops very fast. More and more countries, research institutions, and researchers with multidisciplinary background are going to participate in this filed. New terminology and new methods are going to appear in the field.
Publication
Journal: Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)
April/9/2019
Abstract
A white light non-scanning correlation interrogation system was proposed and built to interrogate absolute length of the air cavity of fiber-optic compound Fabry⁻Perot pressure sensors for the extraction of pressure value. By carefully choosing thickness range and tilt angle of the optical wedge used for cavity length matching, correlation interferometric signal of the basal cavity can be naturally filtered out. Based on peak positioning by Fourier transform, bandpass filtering in frequency domain, inverse Fourier transform back to time domain, envelope fitting and zero fringe finding through a gravity center method, cavity length can be determined with an accuracy of 0.04%. The system was used for the interrogation of a fiber-optic compound Fabry⁻Perot pressure sensor under different pressures. For a pressure range of 0.1~2.9 Mpa, the linear relationship between the air cavity length and the gas pressure imposed was successfully extracted.
Publication
Journal: Gastroenterology
April/8/2019
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