Li Wang
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Publication
Journal: PloS one
December/6/2018
Abstract
BACKGROUND
There is no consensus regarding the relationship between HBV DNA and liver fibrosis, and the relationship between HBV DNA and the degree of liver cirrhosis has not been reported in patients with chronic HBV infection.
METHODS
From January 2011 to December 2016, liver biopsies were performed on 396 patients with chronic hepatitis B and cirrhosis. Assessments of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis were based on the Laennec staging system.
RESULTS
Serum levels of HBV DNA were correlated with fibrosis and cirrhosis (KW = 73.946, P<0.001). Serum HBV DNA level was correlated with mild fibrosis, moderate to severe fibrosis and cirrhosis (P = 0.009, P<0.001, and P<0.001, respectively). The HBeAg-positive group and HBeAg-negative group showed significant differences in HBV DNA levels, and the rates of mild fibrosis, severe fibrosis and cirrhosis were significantly different between these two groups (F = 17.585, P<0.001 and F = 6.017, P = 0.003, respectively). The replication status of the serum HBV DNA affected fibrosis formation as well as cirrhosis (χ2 = 53.76, P<0.001). In the HBeAg-positive group, the sensitivity, specificity and AUC values of HBV DNA as a predictor for mild fibrosis and cirrhosis were 64.3%, 78.94% and 0.818, respectively, and 81.0%, 69.2%, and 0.871, respectively. In the HBeAg-negative group, the sensitivity, specificity and AUC values of HBV DNA for liver sclerosis prediction were 48%, 76.8% and 0.697, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS
Different HBV DNA levels had different effects on the formation of fibrosis and sclerosis in liver tissues. HBV DNA levels can predict mild fibrosis and cirrhosis in liver tissue, which is enhanced in HBeAg-positive patients.
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Publication
Journal: Oncogene
December/6/2018
Abstract
Hexokinase-II (HK2) is a key enzyme involved in glycolysis, which is required for breast cancer progression. However, the underlying post-translational mechanisms of HK2 activity are poorly understood. Here, we showed that Proviral Insertion in Murine Lymphomas 2 (PIM2) directly bound to HK2 and phosphorylated HK2 on Thr473. Biochemical analyses demonstrated that phosphorylated HK2 Thr473 promoted its protein stability through the chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) pathway, and the levels of PIM2 and pThr473-HK2 proteins were positively correlated with each other in human breast cancer. Furthermore, phosphorylation of HK2 on Thr473 increased HK2 enzyme activity and glycolysis, and enhanced glucose starvation-induced autophagy. As a result, phosphorylated HK2 Thr473 promoted breast cancer cell growth in vitro and in vivo. Interestingly, PIM2 kinase inhibitor SMI-4a could abrogate the effects of phosphorylated HK2 Thr473 on paclitaxel resistance in vitro and in vivo. Taken together, our findings indicated that PIM2 was a novel regulator of HK2, and suggested a new strategy to treat breast cancer.
Publication
Journal: Food chemistry
November/8/2018
Abstract
The use of selected Saccharomyces cerevisiae PS7314, Lactobacillus rossiae NOS7307, Lactobacillus brevis NOS7311, and Lactobacillus plantarum NOS7315 as mono-culture or co-culture for production of sourdoughs, their breads showed different physical and organoleptic properties. The pH of breads fermented with sourdoughs incubated with mono-culture or co-culture all decreased. An opposite trend was found for TTA. The use of single lactobacillus for the dough fermentation decreased the specific volume of bread, which was 4.15-19.10% lower than that of control bread (CB). However, the synergetic fermentation helped the improvement of bread quality. Compared to CB, the mixed culture 4 sourdough remarkably decreased the hardness by 52.08%, increased the specific volume by 5.29%, improved porosity of final product by 24.90%, and gave a preferable sensory characteristic to bread. Thus, the MC4 could be recommended for replacing spontaneous sourdough for improving the quality of bread.
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Publication
Journal: International journal of computer assisted radiology and surgery
January/31/2017
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
Accurate segmentation of left ventricle (LV) is essential for the cardiac function analysis. However, it is labor intensive and time consuming for radiologists to delineate LV boundary manually. In this paper, we present a novel self-correcting framework for the fully automatic LV segmentation.
METHODS
Firstly, a time-domain method is designed to extract a rectangular region of interest around the heart. Then, the simplified pulse-coupled neural network (SPCNN) is employed to locate the LV cavity. Different from the existing approaches, SPCNN can realize the self-correcting segmentation due to its parameter controllability. Subsequently, the post-processing based on the maximum gradient searching is proposed to obtain the accurate endocardium. Finally, a new external force based on the shape similarity is defined and integrated into the gradient vector flow (GVF) snake with the balloon force to segment the epicardium.
RESULTS
We obtain encouraging segmentation results tested on the database provided by MICCAI 2009. The average percentage of good contours is 92.26 %, the average perpendicular distance is 2.38 mm, and the overlapping dice metric is 0.89. Besides, the experiment results show good correlations between the automatic segmentation and the manual delineation (for the LV ejection fraction and the LV myocardial mass, the correlation coefficients R are 0.9683 and 0.9278, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS
We propose an effective and fast method combing the SPCNN and the improved GVF for the automatic segmentation of LV.
Publication
Journal: Medical image computing and computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI ... International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention
December/6/2018
Abstract
Automatic segmentation of medical images finds abundant applications in clinical studies. Computed Tomography (CT) imaging plays a critical role in diagnostic and surgical planning of craniomaxillofacial (CMF) surgeries as it shows clear bony structures. However, CT imaging poses radiation risks for the subjects being scanned. Alternatively, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is considered to be safe and provides good visualization of the soft tissues, but the bony structures appear invisible from MRI. Therefore, the segmentation of bony structures from MRI is quite challenging. In this paper, we propose a cascaded generative adversarial network with deep-supervision discriminator (Deep-supGAN) for automatic bony structures segmentation. The first block in this architecture is used to generate a high-quality CT image from an MRI, and the second block is used to segment bony structures from MRI and the generated CT image. Different from traditional discriminators, the deep-supervision discriminator distinguishes the generated CT from the ground-truth at different levels of feature maps. For segmentation, the loss is not only concentrated on the voxel level but also on the higher abstract perceptual levels. Experimental results show that the proposed method generates CT images with clearer structural details and also segments the bony structures more accurately compared with the state-of-the-art methods.
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Publication
Journal: Frontiers in psychiatry
November/13/2018
Abstract
Objective: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a trauma- and stress-related psychiatric syndrome that occurs after exposure to extraordinary stressors. The neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) plays important roles in neurobiological processes like reward and stress, and a link between PTSD and the dopaminergic system has been reported. Thus, the investigation of an association between PTSD and gene-gene interaction (epistasis) within dopaminergic genes could uncover the genetic basis of dopamine-related PTSD symptomatology and contribute to precision medicine. Methods: We genotyped seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of three dopaminergic genes DRD2/ANNK1 (rs1800497 and rs1801028), COMT (rs6269, rs4633, rs4818 and rs4680) and DBH (rs1611115), in a Chinese predominantly adult cohort that had been exposed to an earthquake (156 PTSD cases and 978 controls). Results: Statistical genetics analysis identified a DRD2/ANNK1-COMT interaction (rs1800497 × rs6269), which is associated with PTSD diagnosis (Pinteraction = 0.0008055 and Pcorrected = 0.0169155). Single-variant and haplotype-based subset analyses showed that rs1800497 modulates the association directions of both the rs6269 G allele and the rs6269-rs4633-rs4818-rs4680 haplotype G-C-G-G. The interaction (rs1800497 × rs6269) was replicated in a Chinese young female cohort (32 cases and 581 controls, Pinteraction = 0.01329). Conclusions: Rs1800497 is related to the DA receptor D2 density and rs6269-rs4633-rs4818-rs4680 haplotypes affect the catechol O-methyltransferase level and enzyme activity. Thus, the interaction was inferred to be at protein-protein and DA activity level. The genotype combinations of the two SNPs indicate a potential origin of DA homeostasis abnormalities in PTSD development.
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Publication
Journal: Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)
April/6/2019
Abstract
Degrading aquatic organic pollutants efficiently is very important but strongly relied on the design of photocatalysts. Porous graphene could increase photocatalytic performance of ZnO nanoparticles by promoting the effective charge separation of electron-hole pairs if they can be composited. Herein, porous graphene, ZnO nanoparticles and porous graphene/ZnO nanocomposite were prepared by fine tuning of partial combustion, which graphene oxide imperfectly covered by the layered Zn salt was combusted under muffle furnace within few minutes. Resulting ZnO nanoparticles (32-72 nm) are dispersed uniformly on the surface of graphene sheets, the pore sizes of porous graphene are in the range from ∼3 to ∼52 nm. The synthesized porous graphene/ZnO nanocomposite was confirmed to show enhanced efficiency under natural sunlight irradiation compared with pure ZnO nanoparticles. Using porous graphene/ZnO nanocomposite, 100% degradation of methyl orange can be achieved within 150 min. The synergetic effect of photocatalysis and adsorption is main reason for excellent MO degradation of PG/ZnO nanocomposite. This work may offer a new route to accurately prepare porous graphene-based nanocomposite and open a door of their applications.
Publication
Journal: Bioorganic chemistry
December/5/2018
Abstract
A series of 6-substituted azaanthraquinone derivatives have been designed, synthesized, and their anti-inflammatory activities, antiaggregation effects on β-amyloid proteins, anticholinesterase and neuroprotective activity were tested. The new derivatives strongly suppressed NO and iNOS production and modulate the production of cytokines by decreasing TNF-a, IL-1β and IL-6 formation in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Meanwhile, the derivatives exhibited a significant in vitro inhibitory activity toward the self-induced Aβ aggregation. While, treatment of SH-SY5Y cells overexpressing the Swedish mutant form of human b-amyloid precursor protein (APPsw) with derivatives was associated with significant reduction of Aβ42 secretion levels. Moreover, the derivatives exhibited moderate inhibitory potency toward acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). Further investigations indicated that compound 7b could attenuate H2O2-induced neurotoxicity toward SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells and half of the synthetic compounds were predicted to be able to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to reach their targets in the central nervous system (CNS) according to a parallel artificial membrane permeation assay for BBB. Taken together, azaanthraquinone derivatives targeting multiple pathogenetic factors deserves further investigation for prevention and treatment of AD.
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Publication
Journal: Environmental science and pollution research international
November/12/2018
Abstract
This study quantified the complex stability constants of sulfamethazine (SMT) with cadmium (Cd2+) and lead (Pb2+) under different pH conditions. The UV-Vis spectrophotometer was used for acquiring the complexation data. Results showed that the complex stability constants of SMT with cadmium (Cd2+) and lead (Pb2+) increased as a function of the solution pH. In the investigated pH range, Cd2+ showed stronger complex affinity with SMT than Pb2+. It appeared that cation-π interactions might dominate the complex between SMT with Pb2+ and Cd2+ at acid environment, and the covalent bonding might play a major role at neutral environment. Batch adsorption equilibrium experiment showed that the sorption capacity of Cd2+ on goethite increased from 3.83 to 7.64 mg/g along with the addition of 1 mg/L SMT, indicating SMT can impede the transportation of Cd. In general, this study worked out the complexation constants and clarified the complexation mechanism between SMT with lead and cadmium, while sorption experiment indicated that sorption of Cd onto goethite was enhanced with SMT.
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Publication
Journal: The Journal of general physiology
November/13/2018
Abstract
Nebulin (Neb) is associated with the thin filament in skeletal muscle cells, but its functions are not well understood. For this goal, we study skinned slow-twitch soleus muscle fibers from wild-type (Neb+) and conditional Neb knockout (Neb-) mice. We characterize cross-bridge (CB) kinetics and the elementary steps of the CB cycle by sinusoidal analysis during full Ca2+ activation and observe that Neb increases active tension 1.9-fold, active stiffness 2.7-fold, and rigor stiffness 3.0-fold. The ratio of stiffness during activation and rigor states is 62% in Neb+ fibers and 68% in Neb- fibers. These are approximately proportionate to the number of strongly attached CBs during activation. Because the thin filament length is 15% shorter in Neb- fibers than in Neb+ fibers, the increase in force per CB in the presence of Neb is ∼1.5 fold. The equilibrium constant of the CB detachment step (K 2), its rate (k 2), and the rate of the reverse force generation step (k -4) are larger in Neb+ fibers than in Neb- fibers. The rates of the force generation step (k 4) and the reversal detachment step (k -2) change in the opposite direction. These effects can be explained by Le Chatelier's principle: Increased CB strain promotes less force-generating state(s) and/or detached state(s). Further, when CB distributions among the six states are calculated, there is no significant difference in the number of strongly attached CBs between fibers with and without Neb. These results demonstrate that Neb increases force per CB. We also confirm that force is generated by isomerization of actomyosin (AM) from the AM.ADP.Pi state (ADP, adenosine diphophate; Pi, phosphate) to the AM*ADP.Pi state, where the same force is maintained after Pi release to result in the AM*ADP state. We propose that Neb changes the actin (and myosin) conformation for better ionic and hydrophobic/stereospecific AM interaction, and that the effect of Neb is similar to that of tropomyosin.
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Publication
Journal: Reproductive biology and endocrinology : RB&E
November/13/2018
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Spermatogenesis is a complex process involving the self-renewal and differentiation of spermatogonia into mature spermatids in the seminiferous tubules. During spermatogenesis, germ cells migrate from the basement membrane to cross the blood-testis barrier (BTB) and finally reach the luminal side of the seminiferous epithelium. However, the mechanism for regulating the migration of germ cells remains unclear. In this study, we focused on the expression and function of transcriptional factor EB (TFEB), a master regulator of lysosomal biogenesis, autophagy and endocytosis, in spermatogenesis.
METHODS
The expression pattern of the TFEB in mouse testes were investigated by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry analyses. Either undifferentiated spermatogonia or differentiating spermatogonia were isolated from testes using magnetic-activated cell sorting based on specific cell surface markers. Differentiation of spermatogonia was induced with 100 nM retinoic acid (RA). shRNA was used to knock down TFEB in cells. TFEB expression was detected by immunofluorescence, qRT-PCR, and Western blotting. Cell migration was determined by both transwell migration assay and wound healing assay applied to a cell line of immortalized spermatogonia, GC-1 cells.
RESULTS
During testicular development, TFEB expression was rapidly increased in the testes at the period of 7 days post-partum (dpp) to 14 dpp, whereas in adult testis, it was predominantly localized in the nucleus of spermatogonia at stages VI to VIII of the seminiferous epithelial cycle. Accordingly, TFEB was observed to be mainly expressed in differentiating spermatogonia and was activated for nuclear translocation by RA treatment. Moreover, knockdown of TFEB expression by RNAi did not affect spermatogonial differentiation, but significantly reduced cell migration in GC-1 cells.
CONCLUSIONS
These findings imply that regionally distinct expression and activation of TFEB was strongly associated with RA signaling, and therefore may promote cell migration across the BTB and transport along the seminiferous epithelium.
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Journal: Journal of colloid and interface science
November/29/2018
Abstract
Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) are promising power sources for automobiles and portable electronic devices. Its commercialization depends on the anodes with high activity, low Pt content, and especially high stability towards methanol oxidation. Herein, a self-supported Pt nanoflakes and amorphous Ni(OH)2 on nickel foam composite electrode (Pt-doped Ni(OH)2, Pt content: 1.5 wt%) with rich defects was fabricated via a facile and low cost galvanic deposition method. This composite anode exhibits enhanced activity and stability for methanol oxidation in alkaline media, which mainly come from the synergistic effects between Pt nanoflakes and amorphous Ni(OH)2 on Ni foam substrate and defect engineering. During a typical methanol oxidation process over Pt-doped Ni(OH)2: Pt nanoflakes act as the active sites; amorphous Ni(OH)2 promotes the poison removal; Ni foam provides high electric conductivity and large area; defects sites contribute to the enhanced activity and stability. This work suggests that this self-supported and defect-enriched Pt-doped Ni(OH)2 composite catalyst is an alternative to commercial Pt-based electrocatalyst for low temperature DMFCs.
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Publication
Journal: Oncology letters
November/13/2018
Abstract
The Clavien-Dindo (C-D) classification is a simple and feasible grading system of postoperative complications. The aim of the present study was to apply this system to retrospectively classify all types of post-pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) complications (PPCs) and to systematically identify associated risk factors. Between January 2009 and December 2014, the C-D classification was applied to retrospectively classify PPCs for 1,056 patients who had undergone PD at the West China Hospital. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to link perioperative parameters and mortality with the severity of PPCs, which were subdivided into overall PPCs (Grade I-V), severe PPCs (Grade III-V) and mortality (Grade V). The number of patients with Clavien-Dindo grade I, II, IIIa, IIIb, IVa, IVb and V complications was 185 (17.5%), 128 (12.1%), 50 (4.7%), 25 (2.4%), 35 (3.3%), 19 (1.8%) and 33 (3.1%), respectively. A total of 475 (45.0%) patients experienced overall PPCs; 168 (15.9%) patients experienced severe PPCs; and 33 patients succumbed to mortality following PD. The following risk factors were identified following PD: Preoperative hypoproteinemia was correlated with all three subdivisions; obstructive jaundice was associated with severe PPCs and mortality; and older age was revealed to be an independent risk factor of mortality. A large retrospective study was performed in the present study and PD was correlated with a high occurrence of PPCs. The Clavien-Dindo system represents a broad applicable and feasible approach to evaluating PPCs in patients following PD. The independent risk factors of PPCs that were identified in the present study require further validation using the Clavien-Dindo classification in additional prospective studies.
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Publication
Journal: Oncology letters
December/14/2018
Abstract
Retinoblastoma-binding protein 7 (RBBP7) is an important component of several complexes that regulate chromatin metabolism. It is overexpressed in certain cancer types and serves conflicting roles in tumor progression. In the present study, the expression and roles of RBBP7 were explored in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect RBBP7 expression in ESCC tissues. The mRNA sequencing profiles from the Cancer Genome Atlas and Genotype-Tissue Expression databases were mined to analyze the mRNA expression of RBBP7 in tissues. Proliferation, clone formation, apoptosis and Transwell invasion/migration assays were performed to explore the roles of RBBP7 in ESCC. RBBP7 was highly expressed in ESCC tissues. The protein and mRNA expression levels of RBBP7 were significantly elevated in tumor tissues compared with paired adjacent normal tissues. RBBP7 overexpression was associated with a poor overall survival in patients with ESCC. Furthermore, higher RBBP7 expression was significantly correlated with poor tumor differentiation, advanced regional lymph node involvement, and pathological TNM staging. Knockdown of RBBP7 in ESCC cells did not affect tumor apoptosis or tumor growth. However, the overexpression of RBBP7 significantly enhanced the invasion and migration of ESCC cells, whereas the knockdown of RBBP7 resulted in significantly decreased invasion and migration. The present study indicated that RBBP7 is a novel biomarker and prognosticator for patients with ESCC. Furthermore, RBBP7 serves crucial roles in promoting ESCC invasion and migration.
Publication
Journal: Acta haematologica
August/11/2019
Publication
Journal: Journal of B.U.ON. : official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
May/25/2019
Abstract
To explore whether lncRNA (Long non-coding RNA) H19 could promote the development of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) by regulating cell proliferation via AKT pathway.H19 expressions in 60 HL tissues, 40 RH (reactive hyperplasia of lymph nodes) tissues, L428, A20 and Ly1 cell lines were evaluated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). H19 siRNA and pcDNA-H19 were constructed. Cell viability after altering H19 expression was detected by EdU and cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. The mRNA level of AKT in HL tissues and RH tissues was detected by qRT-PCR. The relationship between AKT and H19 was further detected by Western blot.H19 was overexpressed in HL tissues and cell lines compared with those of controls. HL patients with huge lump and in Ann Arbor stage III-IV presented higher expression of H19. Besides, H19 expression was negatively correlated to overall survival (OS) of HL patients. In vitro experiments suggested that H19 downregulation decreased proliferation and viability of HL cells. AKT expression was upregulated in HL tissues compared with RH tissues, and was positively regulated by H19. Western blot results also indicated that H19 overexpression upregulated protein expression of AKT in HL cells.Overexpressed lncRNA H19 promotes HL development by stimulating proliferation of HL cells via AKT pathway.
Publication
Journal: Radiology
January/2/2013
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To investigate patterns of whole-brain functional connectivity in patients with minimal hepatic encephalopathy (HE) by using functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging.
METHODS
This study was approved by the local institutional review board and was HIPAA compliant. All participants provided written informed consent. Neuropsychiatric tests including number connection test type A and digit symbol test were used to define minimal HE. Twenty-three patients with minimal HE and 25 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers were included in this study. Resting-state functional MR imaging was performed by using a 3-T MR imaging unit. Functional connectivities between 90 pairs of cortical and subcortical regions in patients with minimal HE were compared with those in control participants, and significantly different connectivities were chosen as connectivities of interest (COIs). Correlations between neuropsychiatric tests and correlation coefficients of COIs were calculated.
RESULTS
Among the 51 COIs that were significantly different in patients with minimal HE from those in control participants, 44 connectivities were weaker in patients with minimal HE. All 22 COIs related to subcortical regions of interest (bilateral putamen, pallidum, and thalamus) were weaker in patients with minimal HE. Of 29 cortical COIs, 22 connectivities were weaker and seven were stronger in patients with minimal HE. Nearly all COIs with significant differences correlated with digital symbol test scores (P<.05, false discovery rate corrected). No correlation was found among blood ammonia level, Child-Pugh scores, or any COIs in patients with minimal HE (P>.05, false discovery rate corrected).
CONCLUSIONS
Widespread cortical and subcortical network connectivity changes that correlated with neuropsychologic impairment were found in patients with minimal HE. In particular, impairment in the basal ganglia-thalamocortical circuit could play an important role in mediating neurocognitive dysfunction, especially for psychomotor speed and attention deficits in patients with minimal HE.
Publication
Journal: Experimental and therapeutic medicine
November/12/2018
Abstract
NIMA-related kinase-7 (Nek7) is a centrosomal kinase involved in various types of cancer, including gallbladder cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the biological function and the potential underlying mechanism of Nek7 in retinoblastoma remain largely unknown. Therefore, the present study investigated the effects of Nek7 in retinoblastoma cells. The expression of Nek7 was initially determined and observed to be commonly upregulated in retinoblastoma cell lines (Y79, SO-RB50 and WERI-RB1) as compared with that in normal retinal pigment epithelium cells. Next, the endogenous expression of Nek7 was efficiently knocked down in Y79 and SO-RB50 cells using a lentivirus-mediated RNA interference approach, as confirmed by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. Loss-of-function assays, including MTT, colony formation and flow cytometry, indicated that knockdown of Nek7 significantly inhibited cell growth, impaired the colony formation ability and induced cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase. Furthermore, mechanistic studies demonstrated that silencing of Nek7 resulted in reduced cyclin-dependent kinase 2, cyclin D1 and cyclin E levels in vitro. In conclusion, the present study highlights the crucial role of Nek7 in promoting retinoblastoma cell proliferation, and Nek7-silencing may serve as a novel therapeutic target for retinoblastoma.
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Publication
Journal: Optics express
October/1/2012
Abstract
We report operation of a single-longitudinal-mode WDMchannel-selectable fiber laser. The use of a tunable fiber Bragg grating and a linewidth narrowing saturable absorption filter in conjunction with an intracavity etalon enabled single-frequency emission and discretely tunable WDM channel operation without the need for external wavelength locking modules. Side mode suppression ratios (SMSRs) > 50 dB have been demonstrated with ~ 3 dBm individual channel output powers for 8 channel (f = 50 GHz) operation of this WDM source.
Publication
Journal: Natural product research
December/11/2018
Abstract
Phytochemical investigation on the ethyl acetate extract of Idesia polycarpa Maxim. Leaves led to the isolation of four phenolic glycoside isomers (1-4). Compound 2 appeared to be new reported phenolic glycoside, while compound 1 was the first time isolated from the titled species. Their structures were established by IR, UV, HRESI-MS and 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopies analysis and comparison of spectral data with previously reported data. The compounds 3 and 4 showed stronger activity of scavenging the DPPH free radical than the other two compounds, while the compounds 1 and 2 showed a significant activity of scavenging the ABTS free radical. Compounds 2 and 4 exhibited stronger cytotoxicity against HepG2 cell lines compared to compounds 1 and 3. Moreover, compound 3 presented the highest cytotoxicity against MCF cell lines with IC50 value of 37.17 ± 0.26 μg/mL than compounds 1, 2 and 4.
Publication
Journal: BMC geriatrics
November/15/2019
Abstract
Anxiety symptoms are pervasive among elderly populations around the world. The Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (the GAI) has been developed and widely used in screening those suffering from severe symptoms. Although debates about its dimensionality have been mostly resolved by Molde et al. (2019) with bifactor modeling, evidence regarding its measurement invariance across sex and somatic diseases is still missing.This study attempted to provide complemental evidence to the dimensionality debates of the GAI with Mokken scale analysis and to examine its measurement invariance across sex and somatic diseases by conducting differential item functioning (DIF) analysis among a sample of older Chinese adults. The data was from responses of a large representative sample (N = 1314) in the Chinese National Survey Data Archive, focusing on the mental health of elderly adults.The results of Mokken scale analysis confirmed the unidimensionality of the GAI, and DIF analysis indicated measurement invariance of this inventory across individuals with different sex and somatic diseases, with just a few items exhibiting item bias but all of them negligible.All these findings supported the use of this inventory among Chinese elders to screen anxiety symptoms and to make comparisons across sex and somatic diseases.
Publication
Journal: Micromachines
November/1/2019
Abstract
The gray-scale display which is driven by PWM (pulse width modulation) in TFT (thin film transistor) electrowetting displays (EWDs) has some shortcomings, such as large amplitude of oil oscillation in pixels and slow response speed for displaying gray scale. In this paper, an amplitude-frequency mixed modulation driving system is proposed to improve the response speed of driving gray scale and enhance the oil stability when the gray scale is displayed. In the initial stage of the driving process, the oil is driven by a high voltage to close to the target luminance, and the driving voltage is then decreased to stabilize the oil. The electrowetting hysteresis curve was used to calculate the relation model between the driving voltage and the luminance of the pixel in the system, and the driving voltage value of the pixel at each driving stage was then set to make the oil precisely and rapidly stabilize at the target luminance value. In the output driving platform, the amplitude-frequency mixed modulation is realized based on the source IC, which was used to realize digital-to-analog conversion. An 8 inch EWD was tested using an Admesy colorimeter, and the experimental results show that the pixel response time is reduced by 70% and the gray-scale oscillation is reduced by 80%.
Publication
Journal: Neurochemical research
November/8/2019
Abstract
Transplantation of neural stem cells (NSCs) may be a potential strategy for traumatic brain injury treatment (TBI) due to their intrinsic advantages, such as cell replacement, secretion of neurotrophins and formation of functional synapses with host. However the underlying effects of transplanted NSCs on host micro-environment still need to be further elucidated. In this manuscript the effects of NSCs on release of neurotransmitter, survival of hippocampal neurons, reactivity of astrocytes and recovery of cognitive function after TBI were observed. The NSCs were isolated from cortex of neonatal Sprague-Dawley rat and then transplanted into injured brain regions caused by free-weight drop. The proliferation of astrocytes around injured sites were examined by GFAP immunofluorescent staining on 3, 7, 14 days after injury. The survival of neurons at CA1 regions of hippocampus toward contused regions was observed by HE staining on 3 and 14 days post-injury. The content of glutamic acid (Glu) and GABA in hippocampal tissues was examined on 1, 3, 7, 14, 28 days after injury by ELISA. On third day post-injury, hippocampal-dependent spatial memory was measured for 5 days without intermittent. NSCs in culture have the ability to proliferate and differentiate into different phenotypes of neural cells. After transplantation of NSCs, the proliferation of astrocytes around injured site was significantly inhibited compared to the injured group. At the same time the survival of neurons in hippocampal CA1 region were much more than those in injured group on 14 days post-injury. Meanwhile, the cognitive functions in NSC transplanted group was remarkably improved compared with injured group (p < 0.05). Furthermore, NSCs transplantation dramatically inhibited the release of Glu and maintained the content of GABA in injured hippocampal tissues on 1, 3, 7, 14, 28 days post-injury, which was of difference in statistics (p < 0.05). NSCs transplantation can effectively alleviate the formation of glial scar, enhance the survival of hippocampal neurons and improve cognitive function defects in rats with TBI. The underlying mechanism may be related to their effects on inhibiting the release of Glu and maintaining the content of GABA, so as to down-regulate excitotoxicity of neurotransmitter and improve the micro-environment in injured sites.
Publication
Journal: Plant cell reports
October/2/2011
Abstract
The enzyme that catalyzes the formation of the first stable anthocyanin in the biosynthesis of natural compounds is UDP-glucose: anthocyanidin 3-O-glucosyltransferase (UF3GT). A cDNA clone (Fh3GT1) encoding UF3GT was isolated from Freesia hybrida. Phylogenetic tree analysis indicated that Fh3GT1 was a novel member of glycosyltransferase, which was classified into monocot subgroups. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR analysis detected transcripts of Fh3GT1 in different organs of F. hybrida and in petals of Freesia cultivars of different colors, and the expression level reached the maximum at the fully opened stage of petals. Characterization of the enzymatic assays indicated that Fh3GT1 had a role in anthocyanin glycoside biosyntheses in vitro. To elucidate the function of Fh3GT1, RNA interference vector (pART-Fh3GT1i) was constructed, and introduced into Petunia grandiflora by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Integration of the Fh3GT1 in petunia genome was confirmed by PCR and Southern blotting. SqRT-PCR revealed that the endogenous Ph3GT1 mRNA expression levels decreased in transgenic lines compared with the wild-type. The content of total anthocyanin pigments also decreased with the reduction of mRNA transcript levels, and the transgenic petunia plants had significant changes on their flower colors. In summary, this work identified a UF3GT gene from Freesia hybrida and demonstrated a method to modify plant flower color by redirecting the anthocyanin biosynthesis.
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