Li Wang
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Pubmed
Journal: Journal of separation science
November/24/2015
Abstract
In this study, a mixed hemimicelle solid-phase extraction method based on Fe3 O4 nanoparticles coated with sodium dodecyl sulfate was applied for the preconcentration and fast isolation of six fluoroquinolones in environmental water samples before high-performance liquid chromatography determination. The main factors affecting the extraction efficiency of the analytes, such as amount of surfactant, amount of Fe3 O4 nanoparticles, extraction time, sample volume, sample pH, ionic strength, and desorption conditions, were investigated and optimized. The method has detection limits from 0.05 to 0.1 ng/mL and good linearity (r ≥ 09948) in the range 0.1-200 ng/mL depending on the fluoroquinolone. The enrichment factor is ∼200. The recoveries (at spiked levels of 1, 5, and 50 ng/mL) are in the range of 79-120%.
Pubmed
Journal: Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
January/4/2004
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To investigate the effects of advanced glycation end products (AGE) on secretion of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) by human endothelial cells and its signal transduction pathway.
METHODS
Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and HUVEC-derived cell line (ECV304) were cultured in vitro with indicated concentration of AGE modified human serum albumin (AGE-HSA) or AGE modified bovine serum albumin (AGE-BSA). The production of MCP-1 was evaluated by Western blotting and enzyme-linked immunoadsorbent assay (ELISA). The MCP-1 mRNA expression was assayed by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Intracellular oxidative stress was detected by flow cytometry. The phosphorylation activity of cellular p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38-MAPK) was analyzed by Western blotting using a phospho-specific antibody.
RESULTS
AGE-HSA and AGE-BSA, but not their unmodified form, upregulated the expression of MCP-1 mRNA and protein dose- and time-dependently. The MCP-1 concentration in the supernatant of HUVECs incubated with 50 micro g/ml AGE-HSA for 12 hours increased from 48.3 pg/ micro g +/- 0.6 pg/ micro g protein to 148.1 pg/ micro g +/- 12.6 pg/ micro g protein (P < 0.01). AGE modified proteins were associated with enhanced oxidative stress and p38-MAPK phosphorylation activity. Incubation of HUVECs with 50 micro g/ml AGE-HSA for 30 minutes resulted in increase of p38-MAPK phosphorylation activity by 91% +/- 14% (P < 0.01). Antioxidant or SB 203580, a specific inhibitor of p38, could block the over-expression of MCP-1.
CONCLUSIONS
AGE modified proteins stimulate endothelial cells to produce MCP-1 through activation of the p38 signal pathway. This effect may contribute to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis seen in AGE-associated diseases.
Pubmed
Journal: Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
December/19/2012
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To assess the safety and effectiveness of intrauterine device in Chinese women.
METHODS
In this multicenter randomized controlled trial, a total of 24 000 women were randomly (1:1:1) into 3 groups of Yuangong Cu 365 (YCu365), Copper T 380A (TCu380A) and Multiload Cu 375 (MLCu375). Clinical outcomes were assessed at 12 months post-insertion, including discontinuation due to pregnancy, expulsion, hemorrhage and downward displacement, etc. The overall and causal-specific discontinuation rates for adverse events were calculated.
RESULTS
At the end of the first year, the discontinuation rate of YCu365 (4.21%) was the lowest, followed by TCu380A (8.42%) and MLCu375 (13.91%) (P < 0.01). The differences of discontinuation rates for pregnancy, expulsion, hemorrhage and downward displacement between these IUDs were also significant. MLCu375, side effect without medical treatment, fewer follow-ups, deeper uterine cavity and previous IUD failure were significantly associated with an increased risk of IUD discontinuation.
CONCLUSIONS
The newly developed indomethacin-releasing YCu365 IUD appears to perform the best. However, its long-term safety and cost-effectiveness should be further evaluated.
Pubmed
Journal: Journal of cellular physiology
August/16/2011
Abstract
The tumor suppressor candidate gene Ras association domain family 1, isoform A (RASSF1A) encodes a microtubule-associated protein that is implicated in the regulation of cell proliferation, migration, and apoptosis. Several studies indicate that down-regulation of RASSF1A resulting from promoter hypermethylation is a frequent epigenetic abnormality in malignant melanoma. In this study, we report that compared with melanocytes in normal skins or benign skin lesions, RASSF1A is down-regulated in melanoma tissues as well as cell lines, and its expression negatively correlates with lymph node metastasis. Following ectopic expression in RASSF1A-deficient melanoma A375 cell line, RASSF1A reduces cell viability, suppresses cell-cycle progression but enhances apoptotic cell death. In vivo, RASSF1A expression inhibits the tumorigenic potential of A375 cells in nude mice, which also correlates with decreased cell proliferation and increased apoptosis. On the molecular level, ectopic RASSF1A expression leads to differential expression of 209 genes, including 26 down-regulated and 183 up-regulated ones. Among different signaling pathways, activation of the apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1)/p38 MAP kinase signaling is essential for RASSF1A-induced mitochondrial apoptosis, and the inhibition of the Akt/p70S6 kinase/eIF4E signaling is also important for RASSF1A-mediated apoptosis and cell-cycle arrest. This is the first study exploring the biological functions and the underlying mechanisms of RASSF1A during melanoma development. It also identifies potential targets for further diagnosis and clinical therapy.
Pubmed
Journal: Journal of colloid and interface science
November/1/2017
Abstract
It is a widely accepted principle that a thermodynamically reversible desalination process should consume the Gibbs free energy of separation. This principle has been shown in reverse osmosis and has important practical implications in reducing its energy consumption. Capacitive deionization (CDI) with carbon electrodes, a desalination process based on electrical double layer (EDL) formation, should also follow such a principle when it operates in a thermodynamically reversible way. Inspired by a previous thermodynamic analysis on a three-stage reversible CDI process using the Gouy-Chapman-Stern model, we conducted a thermodynamic analysis of a four-stage reversible CDI cycle using the modified Donnan model. This analysis better reflects the cyclic nature of practical CDI operations and account for the significant EDL overlap in nanosized micropores of realistic CDI electrodes. Our analysis of CDI cycles with different separations and final discharge voltages shows that the electrical work to complete a four-stage cycles is numerically exactly identical to the Gibbs free energy of separation, as long as the cycle is operated in a thermodynamically reversible manner.
Pubmed
Journal: Bioresource technology
February/10/2014
Abstract
This study applied a novel strategy to rapid startup of partial nitrification in continuous-flow reactor using aerobic granules. Mature aerobic granules were first cultivated in a sequencing batch reactor at high chemical oxygen demand in 16 days. The strains including the Pseudoxanthomonas mexicana strain were enriched in cultivated granules to enhance their structural stability. Then the cultivated granules were incubated in a continuous-flow reactor with influent chemical oxygen deamnad being stepped decreased from 1,500 ± 100 (0-19 days) to 750 ± 50 (20-30 days), and then to 350 ± 50 mg l(-1) (31-50 days); while in the final stage 350 mg l(-1) bicarbonate was also supplied. Using this strategy the ammonia-oxidizing bacterium, Nitrosomonas europaea, was enriched in the incubated granules to achieve partial nitrification efficiency of 85-90% since 36 days and onwards. The partial nitrification granules were successfully harvested after 52 days, a period much shorter than those reported in literature.
Pubmed
Journal: Forensic science international
September/11/2005
Pubmed
Journal: Journal of cataract and refractive surgery
December/13/2016
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Pubmed
Journal: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
December/8/2018
Abstract
Because of their physiological similarity to humans, pigs provide an excellent model for the study of obesity. This study evaluated diet-induced adiposity in genetically lean pigs and found that body weight and energy intake did not differ between controls and pigs fed the high-fat (HF) diet for three months. However, fat mass percentage, adipocyte size, concentrations of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), insulin, and leptin in plasma were significantly higher in HF pigs than in controls. The HF diet increased the expression in backfat tissue of genes responsible for cholesterol synthesis such as Insig-1 and Insig-2. Lipid metabolism-related genes including sterol regulatory element binding protein 1c (SREBP-1c), fatty acid synthase 1 (FASN1), diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 2 (DGAT2), and fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) were significantly up-regulated in backfat tissue, while the expression of proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPAR-α) and carnitine palmitoyl transferase 2 (CPT2), both involved in fatty acid oxidation, was reduced. In liver tissue, HF feeding significantly elevated the expression of SREBP-1c, FASN1, DGAT2, and hepatocyte nuclear factor-4α (HNF-4α) mRNAs. Microarray analysis further showed that the HF diet had a significant effect on the expression of 576 genes. Among these, 108 genes were related to 21 pathways, with 20 genes involved in adiposity deposition and 26 related to immune response. Our results suggest that an HF diet can induce genetically lean pigs into obesity with body fat mass expansion and adipose-related inflammation.
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Pubmed
Journal: Histochemistry and cell biology
June/8/2011
Abstract
Scanning transmission electron tomography offers enhanced contrast compared to regular transmission electron microscopy, and thicker samples, up to 1 μm or more, can be analyzed, since the depth of focus and inelastic scattering are not limitations. In this study, we combine this novel imaging approach with state of the art specimen preparation by using novel light transparent sapphire specimen carrier for high-pressure freezing and a freeze substitution protocol for better contrast of membranes. This combination allows for imaging membranes and other subcellular structures with unsurpassed quality. This is demonstrated with mitochondria, where the inner and outer mitochondrial membranes as well as the membranes in the cristae appear in very close apposition with a minimal intermembrane space. These findings correspond well with old observations using freeze fracturing. In 880-nm thick sections of hemophagocytes, the three-dimensional structure of membrane sheets could be observed in the virtual sections of the tomogram. Microtubules, actin and intermediate filaments could be visualized within one sample. Intermediate filaments, however, could even be better observed in 3D using surface scanning electron tomography.
Pubmed
Journal: Molecular and cellular biochemistry
August/4/2009
Abstract
In this study, we investigate the role of liver X receptor alpha (LXR alpha) in lipogenesis in geese in order to understand the differences in hepatic steatosis mechanisms between mammals and waterfowl. Primary goose hepatocytes were isolated and treated with the LXR alpha agonist T0901317. Triglyceride (TG) accumulation, acetyl-CoA carboxylase alpha (ACC alpha) and fatty acid synthase (FAS) activities, and gene expression levels of LXR alpha, sterol regulatory element-binding proteins-1 (SREBP-1), FAS, ACC alpha and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) were measured in primary hepatocytes. We found a dose-dependent up-regulation of TG accumulation, ACC, and FAS activities and the mRNA levels of LXR alpha, SREBP-1, FAS, ACC alpha, and LPL genes in the presence of To-901317. We also found that binding of nuclear SREBP-1 to ACC alpha SRE sequence was induced by To-901317 (P < 0.05). In conclusion, LXR alpha is involved in the induction of the lipogenic pathway through activation of SREBP-1 and its target genes in goose primary hepatocytes.
Pubmed
Journal: DNA and cell biology
November/9/2017
Abstract
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) appears to play an important role in the development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but it is unclear whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the TLR4 gene influence HCC. In this study, we investigated the effects of TLR4 SNPs on HepG2 cell survival and proliferation, migration, and invasion. Plasmids carrying wild-type or mutant versions of the TLR4 gene (A896G and/or C1196T) were stably transfected into HepG2 cells, and cell viability and proliferation were analyzed using the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) incorporation assays, whereas apoptosis was assessed using flow cytometry. Migration and invasion were measured in a transwell chamber assay, and expression of inflammatory cytokines and downstream effectors was examined using real-time PCR and western blotting. Specific inhibitors of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), or phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) were added to the HepG2 cultures to explore the potential role of each pathway in TLR4 signaling. TLR4 SNPs did not affect expression levels in transfected cells. Compared with wild-type TLR4, mutant TLR4 was associated with lower cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and apoptotic threshold. In addition, the mutations were associated with significantly lower expression of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), IL-6, and TGF-β1, even after stimulation with lipopolysaccharide. The expression of p-Akt was similar in the presence of wild-type or mutant TLR4. The 896G and 1196T SNPs in the TLR4 gene are associated with reduced TLR4-mediated signaling and, therefore, with lower survival, proliferation, and metastasis in HepG2 cells.
Pubmed
Journal: Blood cells, molecules & diseases
July/25/2016
Abstract
Fetal hemoglobin-inducing therapies are disease-modifying and ameliorate the pain phenotype in sickle cell disease (SCD). Rapamycin, a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, increases HbF in erythroid precursor cells in vitro. We hypothesized that rapamycin would increase HbF levels and improve nociception phenotype in SCD mice. We used sine-wave electrical stimulation to examine nocifensive phenotype and evaluate myelinated [2000Hz (Aβ-fiber) and 250Hz (Aδ-fiber)] and unmyelinated (5Hz C-fibers)] sensory fiber function. Rapamycin significantly increased γ-globin mRNA and HbF levels [+2.3% (0.7, 3.9), mean increase (95% confidence interval, CI), p=0.006]. In homozygous (sickling) mice, long- (16 weeks), but not short-term (6 weeks), rapamycin treatment increased 2000Hz and 250Hz current thresholds in a pattern that varied according to sex. In male, but not female mice, rapamycin (compared with vehicle) was associated with increases in 2000Hz [21Units (7, 35), mean difference (95% CI), p=0.009 for sex∗treatment interaction] and 250Hz [9Units (1, 16), p=0.01] current thresholds. In rapamycin-treated homozygotes, HbF levels directly correlated with myelinated [2000Hz(Aβ-fiber, r=0.58, p=0.01) and 250Hz(Aδ-fiber, r=0.6, p=0.01)] but not unmyelinated sensory fiber current thresholds. These findings suggest that in SCD mice, rapamycin increases HbF and modulates current thresholds of myelinated fibers. Therefore, mTOR signaling might be implicated in the pathobiology of SCD.
Pubmed
Journal: The journal of physical chemistry letters
March/1/2017
Abstract
The corrosion of aluminum current collectors and the oxidation of solvents at a relatively high potential have been widely investigated with an aim to stabilize the electrochemical performance of lithium-ion batteries using such components. The corrosion behavior of aluminum current collectors was revisited using a home-build high-precision electrochemical measurement system, and the impact of electrolyte components and the surface protection layer on aluminum foil was systematically studied. The electrochemical results showed that the corrosion of aluminum foil was triggered by the electrochemical oxidation of solvent molecules, like ethylene carbonate, at a relative high potential. The organic radical cations generated from the electrochemical oxidation are energetically unstable and readily undergo a deprotonation reaction that generates protons and promotes the dissolution of Al3+ from the aluminum foil. This new reaction mechanism can also shed light on the dissolution of transitional metal at high potentials.
Pubmed
Journal: Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids
May/29/2017
Abstract
Herein, a unique and versatile immobilization-free electrochemical nucleic acid biosensor architecture is proposed for the first time based on the catalyzed release of a methylene blue (MB)-tagged mononucleotide by exonuclease III (Exo III) and the successive enrichment onto a dodecanethiol monolayer, which can be attributed to the hydrophobic force between the alkyl chain of the dodecanethiol monolayer and the hydrophobic part of the MB-tagged mononucleotide. The fabricated biosensor demonstrates considerable advantages including assay simplicity, rapidness, and high sensitivity owing to its immobilization-free and homogenous operation for the biorecognition and amplification process. A low detection limit of approximately 1 pM toward the target DNA could be achieved with an excellent selectivity. The proposed immobilization-free electrochemical biosensing strategy was also extended for the assay of Exo I and III activity. Furthermore, it might be easily extended for the detection of a wide spectrum of targets and thus provide a promising avenue for the development of immobilization-free and sensitive electrochemical biosensors.
Pubmed
Journal: Human brain mapping
September/15/2015
Abstract
Although most knowledge regarding antidepressant effects is at the receptor level, the neurophysiological correlates of these neurochemical changes remain poorly understood. Such an understanding could benefit from elucidation of antidepressant effects at the level of neural circuits, which would be crucial in identifying biomarkers for monitoring treatment efficacy of antidepressants. In this study, we recruited 20 first-episode drug-naive major depressive disorder (MDD) patients and performed resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans before and after 8 weeks of treatment with a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor-escitalopram. Twenty healthy controls (HCs) were also scanned twice with an 8-week interval. Whole-brain connectivity was analyzed using a graph-theory approach-functional connectivity strength (FCS). The analysis of covariance of FCS was used to determine treatment-related changes. We observed significant group-by-time interaction on FCS in the bilateral dorsomedial prefrontal cortex and bilateral hippocampi. Post hoc analyses revealed that the FCS values in the bilateral dorsomedial prefrontal cortex were significantly higher in the MDD patients compared to HCs at baseline and were significantly reduced after treatment; conversely, the FCS values in the bilateral hippocampi were significantly lower in the patients at baseline and were significantly increased after treatment. Importantly, FCS reduction in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex was significantly correlated with symptomatic improvement. Together, these findings provided evidence that this commonly used antidepressant can selectively modulate the intrinsic network connectivity associated with the medial prefrontal-limbic system, thus significantly adding to our understanding of antidepressant effects at a circuit level and suggesting potential imaging-based biomarkers for treatment evaluation in MDD.
Pubmed
Journal: Journal of natural products
October/26/2017
Abstract
Our natural products discovery program utilizes endophytic actinomycetes associated with plants and employs biological assays and HPLC-based metabolite profiles as the preliminary screen to identify strains of interest, followed by large-scale fermentation and isolation, leading to new and/or bioactive natural products. Six new trialkyl-substituted aromatic acids, namely, lorneic acids E-J (1-6), together with two known analogues (7 and 8), were isolated and identified from the culture extract of Streptomyces sp. KIB-H1289, an endophytic actinomycete obtained from the inner tissue of the bark of Betula mandshurica Nakai. The structures were characterized by interpretation of their spectroscopic data, mainly 1D and 2D NMR. Among them, compound 5 contains a unique disulfide bond that is presumably derived from N-acetylcysteine. All isolated metabolites were evaluated for their inhibitory activity on tyrosinase.
Pubmed
Journal: Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003)
November/8/2017
Abstract
A new series of lanthanide coordination polymers formulated as [Ln(μ-L)(μ3-L)(H2O)]nXn (Ln/X = Er/Cl (1), Er/Br (2), Tm/Cl (3), Tm/Br (4), Yb/Cl (5), and Yb/Br (6); L = 1,3-bis(4-carboxyphenyl) imidazolium carboxylate(1+)) were solvothermally generated and fully characterized. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis shows that all products possess isomorphous structures that are composed of cationic 1D double chains with encapsulated halide anions. From a topological perspective, such 1D chains can be classified as a binodal 3,5-connected net with a unique topology defined by the point symbol of (3·42)(32·42·53·62·7). All products 1-6 feature a remarkable thermal stability and were applied as highly active heterogeneous catalysts for the coupling reactions between halogenated propylene oxides and CO2 to give the corresponding cyclic carbonates. The reaction conditions, substrate and catalyst scope, and mechanistic features of this catalytic transformation were investigated. High products yields (up to 98%), elevated TONs (up to 3920) or TOFs (up to 326 h-1) were attained under mild reaction conditions. In addition, catalyst 6 can be recycled at least eight times with no loss of catalytic activity.
Pubmed
Journal: Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters
June/18/2017
Abstract
Series of 4-anilinoquinazoline derivatives were conveniently and efficiently synthesized and their antitumor activities were evaluated by MTT assay in three human cancer cell lines: H1975, HepG2 and SMMC-7721. New compounds 19a-19h were designed and synthesized to seek for powerful EGFR inhibitors and to explore whether methyl group at C-2 position of quinazoline ring has a positive effect on EGFR inhibition. All the compounds of 19a-19h were found potent against all three cell lines and five compounds (19c, 19d, and 19f-19h) were found more potent against H1975 than gefitinib. SAR studies revealed that methyl group at C-2 position of quinazoline ring could significantly improve the antitumor potency of 4-anilinoquinazolines. The same conclusion was also drawn according to the results of Western blotting analysis. Among all the tested compounds, 19g exhibited extremely potent against H1975 with an IC50 value of 0.11μM, remarkably lower than that of gefitinib (1.23μM). The results of western blotting analysis showed that compounds 19c and 19g could notably inhibit the expression of phosphorylated EGFR, especially 19g, almost inhibited completely.
Pubmed
Journal: Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
September/2/2017
Abstract
Perioperative stroke is a devastating neurological complication of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting surgery (CABG). It results in significantly increased rates of mortality and morbidity and presents a significant financial burden to our healthcare system. It has not, however, been studied in a large population based sample. We aim to investigate the role of perioperative stroke as an independent risk factor for in-hospital mortality and morbidity following CABG, and to review trends in the early outcomes of CABG from the years 1999 to 2011. We hypothesize that perioperative stroke is an independent risk factor for in-hospital mortality and morbidity following CABG. We analyzed data from the 1999-2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, identifying patients who underwent CABG using ICD-9 and CCS codes. We excluded patients below the age of 18 and above the age of 100, and patients undergoing concomitant heart and/or vascular procedures. Analysis on our sample of 668,627 patients yielded an overall rate of perioperative stroke, mortality, and morbidity of 1.87%, 2.13%, and 49.07%, respectively. Along with age, risk category, gender, and other postoperative outcomes, perioperative stroke was found to be a strong predictor of mortality and morbidity, leading to more than a 5-fold risk of death and morbidity. From our study, we conclude that perioperative stroke remains a serious adverse outcome of CABG and is an independent predictor of mortality and morbidity. While rates of stroke and mortality are decreasing, morbidity continues to trend upwards. This study emphasizes the importance of prevention and early intervention in patients at risk for perioperative stroke.
Pubmed
Journal: Gene
December/22/2013
Abstract
The full-length cDNA sequence (2613 bp) of the trehalose-6-phosphate synthase (TPS) gene of eelgrass Zostera marina (ZmTPS) was identified and cloned. Z. marina is a kind of seed-plant growing in sea water during its whole life history. The open reading frame (ORF) region of ZmTPS gene encodes a protein of 870 amino acid residues and a stop codon. The corresponding genomic DNA sequence is 3770 bp in length, which contains 3 exons and 2 introns. The ZmTPS gene was transformed into rice variety ZH11 via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation method. After antibiotic screening, molecular characterization, salt-tolerance and trehalose content determinations, two transgenic lines resistant to 150 mM NaCL solutions were screened. Our study results indicated that the ZmTPS gene was integrated into the genomic DNA of the two transgenic rice lines and could be expressed well. Moreover, the detection of the transformed ZmTPS gene in the progenies of the two transgenic lines was performed from T1 to T4 generations; and results suggested that the transformed ZmTPS gene can be transmitted from parent to the progeny in transgenic rice.
Pubmed
Journal: Current drug metabolism
October/31/2017
Abstract
BACKGROUND
The study of the mechanisms of liver regeneration is quite an intriguing field that has been extensively modeled. Through the process of compensatory proliferation of the hepatocytes, the liver mass is restored after loss of up to two-thirds of the entire mass. Cyclic nucleotides are intracellular second messengers which are involved in the transduction of a diverse array of stimuli, mediating metabolic and growth regulation. The relationship between cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) signaling and liver regeneration has somehow been elusive to pioneer researchers in the field of liver regeneration. In this review, we will highlight the mechanistic approach involving cyclic nucleotide signaling and its regulation of cell cycle progression in proliferating hepatocytes, highlighting its usefulness to devising therapeutic tools for managing liver diseases.
METHODS
A structured search and review of relevant papers was conducted by the authors.
RESULTS
Authors included forty-two peer-reviewed literature in the review which identified possible roles of cyclic nucleotides in hepatocyte proliferation.
CONCLUSIONS
This review article confirms the biological importance of cyclic nucleotides and the mediatory growth signaling events that could bring about compensatory proliferation of the liver tissues.
Pubmed
Journal: Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica
September/29/2014
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
In order to provide scientific basis for introduction breeding and production regionalization of Panax notoginseng, the environment of producing area, agronomic traits and medicinal material output were investigated.
METHODS
Using field survey sampling at harvest time, agronomic traits indicators of leaf segment, stem segment and roots segment etc. of commodity P. notoginseng, longitude and latitude, elevation, soil type, landform of producing area were measured and observed.
RESULTS
The P. notogiseng cultivation was expanding from traditional area like Wenshang to new areas as Honghe, Kunming, Qujing at large scale. Comparing with traditional cultivated fields, the elevation of new fields, which are red soil of moderate or low mountain slopes and gentle hills between 1 800-2 130 m, increases markedly. The agronomic traits of new cultivated fields such as plant height, stem diameter, the ground and underground biomass were better than those of traditional cultivated fields in varying degree. Furthermore, the root weight, taproot weight, taproot length and other agronomic index augmented more than 20%. Comparison among different cultivated fields showed P. notoginseng of Honghe Shiping Niujie, Kunming Shilin Guishan, Honghe Jiangshui Guanting etc. had better agronomic traits, the plant were thick and tall, the taproot and the top of reed were large, the number of root was more. Inversely, P. notoginseng of Kunming Guandu Xiaoshao, Guangxi Jingxi Lutong, Wenshang Yanshan Jiangna were thin and small. Cluster analysis showed that cultivated fields of P. notoginseng which was across clustered by traditional and new cultivated fields can be divided into three groups, including a high-yielding region insist of three new cultivated fields Honghe Shiping Niujie, Kunming Shilin Guishan, Honghe Jiangshui Guanting and one traditional cultivated field Wenshan Yanshan Jiangna. Correlation analysis indicated that the size and weight of taproot and top of reed were significantly positive correlated with plant height, stem diameter, leaf size, leaf weight and stem weight. Regression analysis pointed out that stem diameter, leaf width, leaf length/width, leaf weight were the main factors affecting the dry weight of taproot, and the main factors influencing the dry weight of top of reed were plant height, petiole, leaf length, leaf width and other agronomic traits.
CONCLUSIONS
From agronomic traits, P. notoginseng in new cultivated fields were more robust than that in traditional fields, but besides the length of taproot, the difference of rest agronomic traits didn't reach the significant level. It is suggested that, in the west and the north of traditional area, the red soil land of moderate or low mountain slopes and gentle hills where the elevation is between 1 800-2 130 m is suitable for cultivating P. notoginseng. Honghe Shiping Niujie, Honghe Jianshui Guanting, Kuming Shilin Gongshan can be used as vital development area for commodity P. notoginseng.
Pubmed
Journal: Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
July/12/2012
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in China. The aims of this research were to increase the sensitivity of anti-p53 antibody detection in the sera of patients with colorectal cancer and to assist in their diagnosis.
METHODS
Sixty-seven non-selected Chinese with colorectal cancer were involved in this study. Anti-p53 antibodies in serum were detected by ELISA using recombinant human wild- type p53 protein and hybrid phage as the coating antigen. Correlations between the anti-p53 antibodies and clinicopathological parameters were also analyzed.
RESULTS
The detection efficiency of anti-p53 antibodies in the patients with colorectal cancer was increased (46.3%, 31/67) through the combination of the two ELISA methods compared with each method alone. The titer of serum anti-p53 antibodies was not associated with clinicopathological parameters, but there was a significant correlation between their presence, the CEA level, and the stage of the patient's colorectal cancer.
CONCLUSIONS
These results demonstrate that combination of the two ELISA methods increased the detection rate of anti-p53 antibodies in patients with colorectal cancer. This research may provide a useful method to complement conventional clinical diagnosis.
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