A novel antibiotic, DC-86-M was isolated from the culture broth of Streptomyces luteogriseus DO-86. The antibiotic has the molecular formula of C17H14N2O5 and belongs to the phenazine antibiotics. Its structure has been elucidated by mass and NMR spectra. It is active against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and experimental murine sarcoma 180.Read more
In order to assess the significance of moment analysis of transit times on spirograms, we investigated the characteristics of this analysis and the distribution of mechanical time constants of the lung derived from this method. Assuming the log-normal distribution of time constants, mu is the mean and sigma is the standard deviation of the natural logarithms of the time constants. The normal value for mu was -0.64 +/- 0.41 and for sigma was 1.54 +/- 0.42 (mean +/- 1 S.D.) in 94 normal males. The smoking habits enhanced the response of sigma on age-effect, but did not enhance the response of V25/HT. Compared with the normal group, excessive sigma was observed in the patients with bronchial asthma, pulmonary emphysema and interstitial lung disease. Mu was especially greater in the patients with the former two diseases. In bronchial asthma, mu decreased and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV 1.0) increased after inhalation of salbutamol, but these did not always correlate. Mu correlated with some clinical conditions. Moment analysis was available on the volume-time profile of quiet breathing with good reproducibility. The first moment (alpha 1) and standardized first moment (alpha 1') showed an increase in bronchial asthma and pulmonary emphysema, and decreased with treatment in bronchial asthma. It was concluded that the moment analysis of transit times on spirogram is useful as an index of time-course aspects of expiration.Read more
The aim was to determine the electrophysiological effects of cardiac sympathetic stimulation, with and without prior alpha 1 and beta adrenoceptor blockade during myocardial ischaemia in dogs.
Chloralose anaesthetised dogs were studied 2 h after ligation of the obtuse marginal branches of the circumflex artery (OMB). The refractory period was measured at eight sites in the ischaemic zone, two sites in the border zone, and two sites in the normal zone with S1-S2 extrastimulus methods.
In group 1 (n = 13), before OMB ligation, stimulation of the ventrolateral cardiac nerve shortened the refractory period only in the ischaemic zone (p < 0.01). OMB ligation resulted in a significant shortening of the refractory period in the ischaemic zone (p < 0.01). In group 2 (n = 12), the alpha 1 blocker bunazosin (0.2 mg.kg-1, intravenously) blunted the shortening of the refractory period in the ischaemic zone induced by OMB ligation (p < 0.01), resulting in a reduction in refractory period dispersion between the ischaemic and non-ischaemic (border and normal) zones. Subsequent administration of the beta blocker propranolol (0.2 mg.kg-1, intravenously) prolonged refractory periods both in the ischaemic and in the non-ischaemic zones (p < 0.05 v p < 0.001). Ventrolateral cardiac nerve stimulation reversed the effects of bunazosin on the refractory period in the ischaemic zone; however, after the addition of propranolol, neural stimulation no longer influenced the refractory period. In group 3 (n = 13), propranolol (0.2 mg.kg-1, intravenously) reversed the shortening of the refractory period in the ischaemic zone (p < 0.01) induced by OMB ligation but also prolonged the refractory period in the non-ischaemic zone (p < 0.001); refractory period dispersion between the ischaemic and non-ischaemic zones was thus not reduced. Ventrolateral cardiac nerve stimulation had no effect on refractory period after administration of propranolol alone or propranolol followed by bunazosin.
Although an alpha 1 blocker may be better than a beta blocker in reducing refractory period dispersion between the ischaemic and non-ischaemic myocardium, a beta blocker may protect more effectively than an alpha 1 blocker against the detrimental effects of cardiac nerve activity on electrical instability in the ischaemic myocardium.Read more
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) has been known as an oscillator of circadian rhythm and recently some reports suggested that excitatory amino acids were functioning in this nucleus. The purpose of this study is to measure the physiological amino acid content of this nucleus, to estimate the circadian variation in amino acids and the effect of light on amino acid content in the SCN. The content of aspartate, asparagine, glycine and serine tended to be lower in the light phase compared to the dark, but was not significant. As to the light effect on amino acid content of the SCN, only aspartate decreased when a light pulse was applied. These results suggest that aspartate is involved in the transmission of photic information within the SCN.Read more
A 36-year-old man was admitted with cough and sputum. He had cafe-au-lait spots and multiple subcutaneous neurofibromas. Chest X-ray revealed multiple emphysematous bullae in bilateral upper lobes and a tumor in the bulla of the right upper lobe. Needle aspiration biopsy of the tumor showed small cell carcinoma. Although chemotherapy and radiation resulted in decrease in tumor size, it subsequently increased in size and he died 11 months after admission. Including this case there have been 7 reports of Recklinghausen's disease associated with multiple lung cysts and 8 reports with lung cancer in Japan. However, cases with lung cysts and cancer are very rare. The cancer of this case was considered to be associated with emphysematous bulla rather than Recklinghausen's diseases.Read more
The Reference Standards of 2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylamphetamine (STP), 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromoamphetamine (DOB) and 2,5-dimethoxy-4-ethylamphetamine (DOET) were prepared. Their purities measured by HPLC were 99.5% for STP hydrochloride, 99.8% for DOB hydrobromide and 99.5% for DOET hydrochloride. For the identification and determination, various analytical data of the three drugs were obtained by using UV, IR, HPLC, GC/MS and NMR, and the discrimination were discussed.Read more
The reference standards of N-Ethyl methylenedioxyamphetamine, N-Hydroxy methylenedioxy-amphetamine, Mecloqualone, 4-Methylaminorex. Phendimetrazine and Phenmetrazine were chemically prepared from commercial chemicals. Their purities determined by HPLC were more than 99.8%. The standard spectra and chromatograms of the standards such as TLC, UV, IR, HPLC, GC/MS and NMR were measured. For the identification of these six drugs in forensic laboratory, their mass fragmentation and NMR spectra were discussed.Read more