Yan Li
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Pubmed
Journal: Chemical communications (Cambridge, England)
September/11/2018
Abstract

Both melanoma cells and tissues were allowed to interact with an identical pool of billions of human-safe phage nanofiber clones with each genetically displaying a unique 12-mer peptide at the tips, respectively, resulting in the discovery of bionanofibers displaying a melanoma cell/tissue dual-homing peptide for personalized targeted melanoma therapy.

Pubmed
Journal: Chemical communications (Cambridge, England)
March/22/2018
Abstract

An unprecedented asymmetric-electrolyte electrolyzer is proposed using an acidic cathode for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and an alkaline anode for the urea oxidation reaction (UOR), which significantly decreases the electrical energy required for electrolytic hydrogen production.

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Pubmed
Journal: Journal of vascular surgery
November/23/2018
Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are the key cells of postnatal neovascularization, and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess pluripotent differentiation capacity and contribute to tissue regeneration and wound healing. Both EPCs and MSCs are critical to the wound repair process, which is hindered in diabetes mellitus. Diabetes has been shown to decrease the function of these progenitor cells, whereas estrogen has beneficial wound healing effects. However, the role of estrogen in modulating EPC and MSC biology in diabetes is unknown. We investigated the effect of estrogen on improving bone marrow (BM)-derived EPC and MSC function using a murine diabetic wound healing model.

METHODS

Female diabetic db+/db+ and nondiabetic control mice were wounded cutaneously and treated with topical estrogen or placebo cream. On day 5 after wounding, BM cells were harvested to quantify EPC number and colony-forming units of EPCs and MSCs. Wound healing rate was concurrently studied. Vessel density and scar density were then quantified using whole body perfusion and laser confocal microscopy. EPC recruitment was documented by immunohistochemistry to identify CD34- and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2-positive cells in the vessel wall. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance.

RESULTS

Topical estrogen significantly increased colony-forming units of both EPCs and MSCs compared with placebo treatment, indicating improved viability and proliferative ability of these cells. Consistently, increased recruitment of EPCs to diabetic wounds and higher vessel density were observed in estrogen-treated compared with placebo-treated mice. Consequently, topical estrogen significantly accelerated wound healing as early as day 6 after wounding. In addition, scar density resulting from collagen deposition was increased in the estrogen-treated group, reflecting increased MSC activity and differentiation.

CONCLUSIONS

Estrogen treatment increases wound healing and wound neovascularization in diabetic mice. Our data implicate that these beneficial effects may be mediated through improving the function of BM-derived EPCs and MSCs.

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Pubmed
Journal: Fitoterapia
June/3/2018
Abstract

A phytochemical investigation of twigs of Podocarpus nagi resulted in the identification of eight new type B nagilactones (1-8), all bearing a 7α,8α-epoxy-9(11)-enolide substructure, along with two known analogs (9-10). Their structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic analysis, including HRESIMS, IR and NMR experiments, and X-ray crystallographic analysis. In vitro cytotoxic assay exhibited that compounds 1, 2, 9 and 10 could induce antiproliferation against three different types of human cancer cells while compounds 3 and 5 were inactive. Notably, the IC50 value of compound 1 is 0.208μM for A431 human epidermoid carcinoma cells, reaching the same level as the positive control combretastatin A-4 (0.104μM). Furthermore, compound 1 performed a strong inhibition of cancer cells by triggering apoptosis and arresting the cell cycle at G1 phase. These results unfold potential anticancer therapeutic applications of type B nagilactones.

Pubmed
Journal: Neuroinformatics
November/12/2018
Abstract

How to read Uyghur text from biomedical graphic images is a challenge problem due to the complex layout and cursive writing of Uyghur. In this paper, we propose a system that extracts text from Uyghur biomedical images, and matches the text in a specific lexicon for semantic analysis. The proposed system possesses following distinctive properties: first, it is an integrated system which firstly detects and crops the Uyghur text lines using a single fully convolutional neural network, and then keywords in the lexicon are matched by a well-designed matching network. Second, to train the matching network effectively an online sampling method is applied, which generates synthetic data continually. Finally, we propose a GPU acceleration scheme for matching network to match a complete Uyghur text line directly rather than a single window. Experimental results on benchmark dataset show our method achieves a good performance of F-measure 74.5%. Besides, our system keeps high efficiency with 0.5s running time for each image due to the GPU acceleration scheme.

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Pubmed
Journal: The Journal of biological chemistry
February/11/2009
Abstract

Mitotic arrest deficiency protein 1 (Mad1) is associated with microtubule-unattached kinetochores in mitotic cells and is a component of the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC). Here, we have studied the phosphorylation of Mad1 and mapped using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry several phosphorylated amino acids in this protein. One phosphorylated residue, Thr680, was characterized to be important for the kinetochore localization of Mad1 and its SAC function. We also found that in mitotic cells Mad1 co-immunoprecipitated with Plk1. Depletion of cellular Plk1 using small interfering RNAs and inhibition of the kinase activity of Plk1 using a kinase-dead mutant or a small molecule inhibitor attenuated Mad1 phosphorylation and its association with kinetochores. Collectively, these findings indicate mechanistic roles contributed by protein phosphorylation and Plk1 to the SAC activity of Mad1.

Pubmed
Journal: Journal of natural products
August/19/2015
Abstract

Two compounds belonging to a new group of diterpene alkaloids, kaurines A and B (1 and 2), and an alkaloid bearing a succinimide moiety (3) were obtained from Isodon rubescens. Their structures and absolute configurations were determined by spectroscopy and quantum-chemical computational (13)C NMR and ECD data analysis. These alkaloids differ from known diterpene alkaloids and diterpenoids and are presumably biosynthesized from ent-kaurane diterpenoids.

Pubmed
Journal: Scientific reports
February/23/2017
Abstract

T cell immunoglobulin mucin-3 (Tim-3) is an immune checkpoint inhibitor and its dysregulation has been related to T cell tolerance and many immune disorders, such as tumors and infection tolerance. However, the physiopathology roles of Tim-3 in innate immunity remain elusive. Here, we demonstrate that Tim-3 inhibits macrophage phagocytosis of L. monocytogenes by inhibiting the nuclear erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling pathway and increases bacterial burden. Tim-3 signaling promotes Nrf2 degradation by increasing its ubiquitination and, as a result, decreasing its nuclear translocation. CD36 and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), two downstream molecules in the Tim-3-Nrf2 signaling axis, are involved in the Tim-3- mediated immune evasion of L. monocytogenes both in vitro and in vivo. We here identified new mechanisms by which Tim-3 induces infection tolerance. By modulating the Tim-3 pathway, we demonstrate the feasibility of manipulating macrophage function as a potent tool for treating infectious diseases, such as Listeria infection.

Pubmed
Journal: PloS one
October/15/2017
Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study aims to investigate cellular immunity and clinical efficacy of ShenQi FuZheng Injection (SFI) in the associated chemotherapy of colorectal cancer (CRC).

METHODS

PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journals Full-text Database (VIP), WanFang Database and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM) searches were undertaken to identify randomized controlled trials of SFI plus chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone in CRC patients. The quality of each trial was assessed according to the Jadad's scale, and Review Manager 5 was used to statisitically analyze the outcomes.

RESULTS

Eight studies involving 722 patients were included in this review. The meta-analyses suggested there was a significantly higher overall response rate (OR 1.89; CI: 1.10-3.24; p = 0.02), grades of KPS (OR 2.35; CI: 1.55-3.56; p<0.01), CD3+cells (MD 10.29; CI: 8.46-12.12; p<0.01), CD4+cells (MD 7.06; CI: 5.33-8.794; p<0.01), CD4/CD8+cells (MD 0.32; CI: 0.25-0.40; p<0.01), NK+ (MD 7.20; CI: 2.02-12.37, p = 0.006), WBC (MD 1.24; CI: 0.59-1.89; p<0.01), HB (MD 14.55; CI: 7.47-21.63; p<0.01), and PLT (MD 19.05; CI: 4.29-33.81; p = 0.01), but lower severe toxicity for leukocytopenia (OR 0.37; CI: 0.17-0.80; p = 0.01), thrombocytopenia (OR 0.32; CI: 0.14-0.74; p = 0.008), gastrointestinal toxicity (OR 0.48; CI: 0.24-0.96; p = 0.04), when chemotherapy combined with SFI was compared with chemotherapy alone. There were similarities between two groups in liver dysfunction (OR 0.44; CI: 0.18-1.08; p = 0.07) and CD8+ (MD 0.54; CI: -1.89-2.96; p = 0.66). Also, there was presence of heterogeneity in the CD8 results; after the sensitivity analysis, the result of CD8+ was reversed (MD 1.57; CI: 0.32-2.81; p = 0.01). There was no significant publication bias across studies according to the Egger's (P = 0.19) and Begg's test (P = 0.23).

CONCLUSIONS

SFI enhances chemotherapy efficiency as they are combined and used in the treatment of colorectal cancer patients. At the same time, SFI also improves patients' immunity function.

Pubmed
Journal: ACS chemical biology
September/11/2017
Abstract

Globally, cardio-cerebrovascular diseases (CCVDs) are the leading cause of death, and thus the development of novel strategies for preventing and treating such diseases is in urgent need. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), used for thousands of years in Asia and other regions, has been proven effective in certain disorders. As a long-time medicinal herb in TCM, Ginkgo biloba leaves (GBLs), have been widely used to treat various diseases including CCVDs. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of medicinal herbs in treating these diseases are still unclear. Presently, by incorporating pharmacokinetic prescreening, target fishing, and network analysis, an innovative systems-pharmacology platform was introduced to systematically decipher the pharmacological mechanism of action of GBLs for the treatment of CCVDs. The results show that GBLs exhibit a protective effect on CCVDs probably through regulating multiple pathways and hitting on multiple targets involved in several biological pathways. Our work successfully explains the mechanism of efficiency of GBLs for treating CCVDs and, meanwhile, demonstrates that GDJ, an injection generated from GBLs, could be used as a preventive or therapeutic agent in cerebral ischemia. The approach developed in this work offers a new paradigm for systematically understanding the action mechanisms of herb medicine, which will promote the development and application of TCM.

Pubmed
Journal: Environmental science and pollution research international
October/25/2012
Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this study is to determine children's blood lead levels and identify sources of lead exposure. Childhood lead exposure constitutes a major pediatric health problem today in China. A blood lead screening survey program for children in the age group of 2-12 years residing in Pearl River Delta region, south of China, was carried out from Dec 2007 to Jan 2008.

METHODS

Blood lead levels and lead isotope ratios of a total of 761 participants were assessed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy. Measurements of urban environmental samples for source identification of children lead exposure were also performed.

CONCLUSIONS

The geometric mean value of the children's blood lead levels was 57.05 μg/L, and 9.6% of them were higher than 100 μg/L. The blood lead levels were still much higher than those in developed countries. Based on the data of environmental lead source inventories, lead isotopic tracing revealed that there is about 6.7% past used gasoline Pb embedded in Shenzhen residential dust and about 15.6% in Guangzhou dust, respectively.

Pubmed
Journal: Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica
November/14/2017
Abstract

To investigate the effect of dihydroartemisinin on apoptosis of human pancreatic cancer cell line JF-305 and the role of reactive oxygen species(ROS) in the apoptosis of JF-305 cells induced by dihydroartemisinin. MTT assays were used to detect effect of different concentrations of dihydroartemisinin on cells proliferation of JF-305 lines. Cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry, and the apoptotic morphology was observed by Hoechst 333258 fluorescence staining. Annexin V fluorescence staining was used to detect the apoptosis changes of JF-305 cells, while DCFH-DA was used to detect the changes of ROS during apoptosis process. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression changes of Bax, Bcl-2, Cleaved caspase-3, Cleaved caspase-9 and Cyto C. As compared with the control group, the JF-305 cells proliferation was inhibited significantly(P<0.05) after treatment with different concentrations of dihydroartemisimin for 48 h; cell cycle was blocked in the G2/M phase; apoptotic morphology of nuclear condensation, aggregation, and fragmentation was found, and the apoptosis ratio was increased(P<0.05). DCFH-DA detection showed that the cell ROS was increased significantly after dihydroartemisinin treatment(P<0.05). Western blot results showed that the expression of Bcl-2 protein was down-regulated; the expression of Bax protein was up-regulated; the ration of Bax/Bcl-2 was increased and the protein expression levels of Cleaved caspase-3, Cleaved caspase-9 and Cyto C were increased after dihydroartemisinin treatment. Therefore, dihydroartemisinin could induce apoptosis of JF-305 cells, and the possible mechanism may be related to the formation and increasing of ROS.

Pubmed
Journal: Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
November/28/2005
Abstract

The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of highly conserved metal-dependent proteolytic enzymes, their main function is to degrade different components of extracellular matrix (ECM). Moreover, they play roles in regulation of cell growth, apoptosis, angiogenesis and immune surveillance. Natural sequence variations in the MMP genes may result in differential expression of MMPs in different individuals and therefore may be associated with the development and progression of diseases. The aim of this study is to assess the effects of the C-1562T polymorphism in the MMP-9 promoter on the risk of occurrence and lymphatic metastasis of non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). The MMP-9 genotyping was performed in 243 pathologically diagnosed NSCLC patients and 350 healthy controls without overt cancer by using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. The distribution of the MMP-9 genotypes in NSCLC patients and healthy controls was in consistent with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The frequency of the C/C, C/T and T/T genotypes in healthy controls was 79.4, 20.6 and 0%, respectively. Neither the overall genotype nor allelotype distribution in NSCLC patients showed significant difference from that in healthy controls (P=0.21 and 0.43, respectively). Compared with the C/C genotype, genotypes with the T allele did not show significant influence on the risk of NSCLC development (age and gender adjusted OR=1.13, 95% CI=0.76-1.68). Stratification by onset age, smoking status and tumor histological type also showed no association between the MMP-9 polymorphism and the risk of NSCLC. Furthermore, the genotype distribution between NSCLC patients with and without lymphatic metastasis was not significantly different. Therefore, the present study suggests that the MMP-9 C-1562T polymorphism may not be used as a useful marker to predicate susceptibility and lymphatic metastasis in NSCLC.

Pubmed
Journal: Biochemical and biophysical research communications
November/2/2017
Abstract

DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3A) catalyzes de novo DNA methylation and plays important roles in the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia. However, the expression status of DNMT3A variants in acute myeloid leukemia remains obscure. This study aimed to assess the expression levels of alternative splicing of DNMT3A variants and explore their roles in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). DNMT3A variants gene expression were assessed, measuring their effects on cell proliferation. In addition, the expression of DNMT3A variants were evaluated in acute myeloid leukemia patients. Four DNMT3A variants were identified, with DNMT3A1 and DNMT3A2V found to be dominant in acute myeloid leukemia cell lines. Moreover, DNMT3A2V overexpression delayed cell proliferation; while, DNMT3A2V R882H mutation promoted cell proliferation. Further, DNMT3A1 and DNMT3A2V were detected in newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and controls with non-malignant hematological disease, with DNMT3A2V significantly up-regulated in AML patients. The main transcript switched from DNMT3A1 to DNMT3A2V in some patients, especially the low risk group based on the NCCN 2016 guidelines. These findings suggest that DNMT3A1 and DNMT3A2V are the main variants in acute myeloid leukemia with different clinical association, and might play important roles in the pathophysiology of acute myeloid leukemia.

Pubmed
Journal: Journal of youth and adolescence
September/4/2014
Abstract

Peer status is an important aspect of adolescents' social lives and is pursued actively by them. Although extensive research has examined how social behaviors are related to peer status (e.g., social preference, popularity), little attention has been given to adolescents' social goals to obtain a desired peer status. Thus, this study examined two types of social status goals, popularity goal and social preference goal, and their relationships to social status insecurity and social behaviors among 405 ethnically diverse early adolescents (267 girls; M age = 12.92 years; age range = 11-15 years). After accounting for adolescents' attained peer statuses (popularity and social preference), both social status goals were related distinctly to aggressive and prosocial behaviors as measured by self reports and peer nominations. Specifically, higher endorsement of the popularity goal was related to more self-reported relational aggression, but less peer-nominated prosocial behavior. In contrast, higher endorsement of the social preference goal was linked to less self-reported overt and relational aggression, but more self-reported and peer-nominated prosocial behavior. In addition, this study reveals that adolescents' social status insecurity was related positively to both social status goals and had an indirect effect on adolescents' social behaviors through the mediation of popularity goal endorsement. There were variations in goal endorsement as shown by groups of adolescents endorsing different levels of each goal. The group comparison results on social behaviors were largely consistent with the correlational findings. This study provides new insights into adolescents' social cognitive processes about peer status and the implications of the two social status goals on adolescents' behavioral development.

Pubmed
Journal: Computers in biology and medicine
June/28/2007
Abstract

Epileptic seizures prediction is an interesting issue in epileptology, since it can promise a novel approach to control seizures and understand the mechanism of epileptic seizures. In this paper, we describe a new method, called wavelet-based nonlinear similarity index (WNSI), to predict epileptic seizures using EEG recordings in real time. This method combines wavelet techniques and nonlinear dynamics. The test results of EEG recordings of rats and humans show that WNSI can track the hidden dynamical changes of brain electrical activity. Particularly, we found that it can obtain the best performance of seizure prediction at the beta (10-30 Hz) frequency band of EEG signals. A possible reason is suggested from the functional connectivity of the brain. In terms of this study, it is recommended that wavelet technique is very useful to improve the performance of epileptic seizures prediction.

Pubmed
Journal: Nano letters
February/21/2010
Abstract

While it has been shown that scandium (Sc) can be used for making high-quality Ohmic contact to the conduction band of a carbon nanotube (CNT) and thus for fabricating high-performance n-type CNT field effect transistors (FETs), the cost for metal Sc is currently five times more expensive than that for gold and one thousand times more expensive than for yttrium (Y) which in many ways resembles Sc. In this Letter we show that near perfect contacts can be fabricated on single-walled CNTs (SWCNTs) using Y, and the Y-contacted CNT FETs outperform the Sc-contacted CNT FETs in many important aspects. Low-temperature measurements on Y-contacted devices reveal that linear output characteristics persist down to 4.3 K, suggesting that Y makes a perfect Ohmic contact with the conduction band of the CNT. Self-aligned top-gate devices have been fabricated, showing high performance approaching the theoretical limit of CNT-based devices. In particular a room temperature conductance of about 0.55G(0) (with G(0) = 4e(2)/h being the quantum conductance limit of the SWCNT), threshold swing of 73 mV/decade, electron mobility of 5100 cm(2)/V.s, and mean free length of up to 0.639 mum have been achieved. Gate length scaling behavior of the Y-contacted CNT FETs is also investigated, revealing a more favorable energy consumption and faster intrinsic speed scaling than that of the Si-based devices.

Pubmed
Journal: Human reproduction (Oxford, England)
December/6/2009
Abstract

BACKGROUND

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays an important role in the development of endometriosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of polymorphisms in the VEGF gene with the susceptibility to endometriosis.

METHODS

This study comprised 344 North Chinese women with endometriosis and 360 healthy women without endometriosis recruited as control. Genotyping of the VEGF gene polymorphisms at -460C/T, -1154G/A, -2578C/A and +936C/T were performed by PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis.

RESULTS

No significant difference was found in allele and genotype distributions of the -460C/T, +936C/T polymorphisms between patients and controls. However, the frequencies of -1154G/A, -2578C/A genotype and allele were significantly different between the two groups (all P-value <0.013). The -2578A/A, -1154A/A genotypes were found less frequently in patients with endometriosis compared with controls. The haplotype distributions derived from three polymorphisms (-2578C/A, -1154G/A, -460C/T) differed between the two groups (P = 0.000).

CONCLUSIONS

The VEGF-460/-1154/-2578 TGC, CAA, TAA and TAC haplotypes were associated with endometriosis. The -1154A and -2578A alleles may be protective against the development of endometriosis in North Chinese women.

Pubmed
Journal: Molecular pharmaceutics
October/28/2014
Abstract

Epimedium-derived flavonoid glycosides are widely used for the prevention of osteoporosis, but these compounds generally exhibit poor membrane permeability and oral absorption. To address these limitations, the bioactive lipophilic aglycone icaritin (ICT) was selected and successfully developed into nanocrystals (ICTN) through the antisolvent-precipitation method. After the parameters in the preparation of ICTN were optimized, the morphology, crystallinity, adsorption of the stabilizers on the ICT surface, and the dissolution of the resulting nanocrystals were characterized. The pharmacokinetics in rat and the in vitro antiosteoporosis activity of serum withdrawn after the oral administration of ICTN to rats on mouse osteoblastic cells were evaluated. Consistent with its good performance in stabilizing the ICT nanosuspension, atomic force microscopy showed that hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) exhibits better adsorption on the ICT surface compared with other stabilizers. Needle-shaped crystals (∼ 220 nm in diameter) with a high drug loading (∼ 90%) were generated when 0.16 mL of the ICT acetone solution (10 mg/mL) was injected quickly into 2 mL of the HPMC solution (0.02%, w/w) under ultrasonication for 10 s at room temperature. The thermal analysis demonstrated that the majority of the particles are in their crystalline forms, similarly to the unformulated ICT. After oral administration, ICTN exhibited a faster dissolution rate and significantly faster absorption, as supported by the increased AUC0-36h and Cmax and the reduced Tmax of these nanocrystals compared with the raw suspension (p < 0.05). Compared with blank serum, enhanced proliferation and differentiation activities were observed when serum withdrawn after the oral administration of ICTN in rat was incubated with osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells. The present delivery system could provide a new promising strategy for BCS IV glycoside of flavonoids or other natural products by formulation of their bioactive lipophilic aglycone forms to enhance oral absorption and in vivo bioactivity.

Pubmed
Journal: Fertility and sterility
September/20/2015
Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare genome-wide DNA methylation profiles in ovary tissue from women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and healthy controls.

METHODS

Case-control study matched for age and body mass index.

METHODS

University-affiliated hospital.

METHODS

Ten women with PCOS who underwent ovarian drilling to induce ovulation and 10 healthy women who were undergoing laparoscopic sterilization, hysterectomy for benign conditions, diagnostic laparoscopy for pelvic pain, or oophorectomy for nonovarian indications.

METHODS

None.

METHODS

Genome-wide DNA methylation patterns determined by immunoprecipitation and microarray (MeDIP-chip) analysis.

RESULTS

The methylation levels were statistically significantly higher in CpG island shores (CGI shores), which lie outside of core promoter regions, and lower within gene bodies in women with PCOS relative to the controls. In addition, high CpG content promoters were the most frequently hypermethylated promoters in PCOS ovaries but were more often hypomethylated in controls. Second, 872 CGIs, specifically methylated in PCOS, represented 342 genes that could be associated with various molecular functions, including protein binding, hormone activity, and transcription regulator activity. Finally, methylation differences were validated in seven genes by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction. These genes correlated to several functional families related to the pathogenesis of PCOS and may be potential biomarkers for this disease.

CONCLUSIONS

Our results demonstrated that epigenetic modification differs between PCOS and normal ovaries, which may help to further understand the pathophysiology of this disease.

Pubmed
Journal: Molecular medicine reports
July/17/2017
Abstract

Saikosaponin D (SSd) is a type of Saponin derivative, which is a component extracted from Bupleurum falactum. SSd has been reported to exert anticancer activities. However, the effects of SSd on gliomas have not been elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the pharmacological functions and potential molecular mechanisms of SSd in human U87 glioblastoma cells. The cells were treated with SSd at various concentrations for 48 h, the cell viability was assessed with 3‑(4,5‑dimethylthiazol‑2‑yl)‑2,5‑diphenyltetrazolium assay, and the activation of Akt, extracellular signal‑regulated kinases (ERK), c‑Jun N‑terminal kinases (JNK) and caspase‑3 was assessed by western blotting. In addition, apoptosis levels were analyzed with Hoechst 33258 and Annexin V staining. The results demonstrated that treatment of the U87 glioma cells with SSd markedly suppressed cell proliferation in a dose‑dependent manner. Meanwhile, SSd treatment enhanced apoptosis in the U87 cells. Furthermore, SSd significantly inhibited the phosphorylation of Akt and ERK, and promoted phosphorylated‑JNK and cleaved caspase‑3 expression. The present study revealed the potential therapeutic effects of SSd in the treatment of gliomas, and the cytotoxic effects of SSd in U87 cells were at least partly attributed to the depression of phosphatidylinositol 3‑kinase/Akt and ERK protein expression levels, and activation of JNK and caspase-3 expression.

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Pubmed
Journal: Chinese medical sciences journal = Chung-kuo i hsueh k'o hsueh tsa chih
November/23/2014
Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To reveal etiologies of persistent isolated hematuria (PIH) through ultrastructural pathological examination, to disclose clinicopathological correlation in cases with PIH, and to summarize appropriate management of patients with PIH.

METHODS

we retrospectively studied 155 PIH patients receiving renal biopsy between January, 2003 and December, 2008 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. All the clinical data and follow-up result were analyzed.

RESULTS

All subjects included 38 children and 117 adults, with mean age of 11.38±3.25 years for children and 35.17±8.44 years for adults. Thin basement membrane nephropathy (TBMN) was the most common pathology (55.3% of children and 49.6% of adults), followed by IgA nephropathy (18.4% of children and 32.5% of adults, mainly grade 2-3) and mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (MsPGN) without IgA deposition (13.2% of children and 12.8% of adults). Besides, Alport syndrome (2.6% of children) and membrane nephropathy (2.6% of children and 0.9% of adults) were demonstrated as other causes of PIH. Elevated mean arteral pressure or protein excretion rate, as well as episodic macrohematuria, indicated higher risk for MsPGN rather than TBMN. On the other hand, severity of microhematuria was irrelevant to pathological types of PIH. Totally, 86 patients were followed up and 37 cases therein stayed on track for long term (mean duration 41.11?28.92 months, range 8-113 months). Most cases had benign clinical course except 3 cases with TBMN, 5 cases with IgA nephropathy, 1 case with MsPGN (without IgA deposition), and 1 case with Alport syndrome, who developed hypertension or proteinuria. All of them were administered timely intervention.

CONCLUSIONS

Close follow-up should be required as the primary management for PIH. Equally important is careful monitoring for early identification of undesirable predictors; while renal biopsy and other timely intervention are warranted if there is hypertension, significant proteinuria or renal impairment.

Pubmed
Journal: American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists
November/22/2017
Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The development of risk models for 16 preventable adverse drug events (pADEs) and their aggregation into the final complexity score (C-score) are described.

METHODS

Using data from 2 tertiary care facilities, logistic regression models were constructed for the first 5 hospital days that admissions were at risk for each of 16 pADEs. The best model for each pADE was validated in 100 bootstrap samples. The C-score was then aggregated and predicted individual pADE risk as the probability to develop at least 1 pADE. Using the 100 bootstrap samples for each pADE, 100 C-scores for validation were generated.

RESULTS

We utilized electronic health records (EHR) data from 65,518 admissions to UF Health Shands and 18,269 admissions to UF Health Jacksonville to develop risk models for 16 pADEs. Most models had very strong discriminant validity (C-statistic > 0.8), with the highest predicted decile representing about half of manifest pADEs. Among admissions in the highest C-score decile, about two thirds experienced at least 1 pADE (C-statistic, 0.838; 95% confidence interval, 0.838-0.839). C-score precision, defined as the percentage of patients consistently (i.e., at least 95 of 100 samples) ranked in the 90th percentile, was 80-84%.

CONCLUSIONS

The C-score was developed and validated for the identification of hospitalized patients at highest risk for pADEs. Aggregation of individual prediction models into a single score reduced its predictive power for most pADEs, compared with the individual risk models, but concentrated in the highest C-score decile a patient group more than two thirds of whom experienced at least 1 pADE.

Pubmed
Journal: Drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics
June/9/2013
Abstract

FB2 is a promising Abl/Src dual tyrosine kinase inhibitor which is designed to overcome imatinib resistance. The present study aims to investigate the role of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in intestinal absorption of FB2 with an in vitro Caco-2 and MDCK-MDR1 cell model, single-pass intestinal perfusion model and in vivo pharmacokinetics with a selective inhibitor in rats. The results from Caco-2 cells indicated that P(appB-A) of FB2 and its metabolites (FB7 and FB10) were much higher than P(appA-B), and the efflux ratio (P(appB-A)/P(appA-B)) of FB2, FB7 and FB10 were decreased with P-gp inhibitor LSN335984; FB2 was further confirmed to be the substrate of P-gp in MDCK-MDR1 cells. In addition, P(blood) of FB2 and the cumulative amount of metabolites in mesenteric blood were elevated in a concentration-dependent manner in rat intestinal perfusion, while both of them were remarkably increased when P-gp inhibitor was added. The F(oral) of FB2 was increased to 24.52% when orally coadministrated with verapamil (25 mg/kg), which was significantly higher than that (5.7%) by FB2 (18 mg/kg) alone in rats. The AUC and Cmax of FB2 metabolites (FB7 and FB10) were also increased in the presence of verapamil. In conclusion, the low bioavailability of FB2 is believed to be partially due to the P-gp mediated active efflux and first-pass metabolism in the rat intestine.

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