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Pubmed
[Stereotypes of evolution? Skeletal muscles of insects and mammals].
Journal: Zhurnal evoliutsionnoi biokhimii i fiziologii
February/16/2000
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When school is out: analysis and recommendations.
Journal: The Future of children
February/21/2000
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The role of the school in children's out-of-school time.
Journal: The Future of children
February/21/2000
Description

As the primary community institution in the lives of children, schools have much to contribute to plans for addressing the needs of today's youngsters during the time when classes are not being held. In recent years, demands have escalated for after-school child care, educational enrichment, and safe havens that also foster positive youth development. Many programs that respond to these needs are housed in school buildings. Some are operated by the schools, some by community-based organizations, and others by partnerships between schools and outside groups. New public funding for after-school programs often flows through the school system. This article reports the prevalence of school-based programs and discusses extracurricular activities, child care and extended-day programs, enrichment programs, and ambitious efforts to transform the schools into full-time community hubs offering something for residents of all ages. Implementation challenges accompany program expansion, and this article also examines major issues that arise in school-based programs: governance, space, program quality, funding, and accountability. If these programs fulfill their promise, the school of the future may, indeed, be open extended hours for the enrichment of the children and the sustenance of the family.

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Pubmed
Kallmann syndrome (hypogonadotropism-anosmia) and Klippel-Feil anomaly in the same patient.
Journal: Clinical dysmorphology
February/10/2000
Description

A 27-year-old female is described with Kallman syndrome and Klippel-Feil anomaly. This is thought to be the first report of the coexistence of these two conditions in the same patient.

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Stigmata of recent hemorrhage in Dieulafoy's lesion.
Journal: Gastrointestinal endoscopy
March/1/2000
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Hyaluronidase in the reduction of incarcerated rectal prolapse: a novel use.
Journal: International journal of colorectal disease
February/23/2000
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Serum zinc levels in New Zealand children.
Journal: The New Zealand medical journal
August/22/1976
Description

A report is made of serum zinc levels in 518 children with an age range of nine days to 17 years. There were significant differences in normal levels between fasting and non-fasting children, Europeans and Maoris, Europeans and Polynesians, and Indians and Polynesians. Lower levels were also found in those under the age of 13 but may be due to variation in serum proteins in these children who were all anaesthetised.

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Treatment of non-vital permanent incisors with calcium hydroxide. VI. A clinical, microbiological and radiological evaluation of treatment in one sitting of teeth with mature or immature root.
Journal: Odontologisk revy
August/31/1976
Description

The purpose of the investigation was clinically, microbiologically and radiologically to assess the effect of calcium hydroxide as a temporary root-filling inserted in the same sitting as root canal debridement in non-vital permanent incisors with mature and immature root, infected or uninfected root canal and with or without radiologically demonstrated periapical bone changes. The material consisted of 141 teeth divided in 3 groups in which mechanical cleansing was accompanied by flushing with sterile saline and sodium hypochlorite solutions giving 0.5% or 5.0% active chlorine, respectively. Microbiological samples were taken from root canals after extirpation of necrotic pulp tissue, after completed cleansing of the root canal and 3 and 6 month after treatment. Results of treatment were evaluated from the radiographs taken before treatment and at the 3 and 6 month follow-ups. Complication, pain and an abscess, occurred in 2 cases, 2 and 5 days, respectively, after treatment. No statistical correlation between occurrence of samples that gave growth, taken from the root canals at 3 (8%) or 6-month control (9%) and 1) bacteriological status of the root canal prior to filling with calcium hydroxide, 2) the development of the root or 3) periapical healing at 3 or 6 month follow-up could be ascertained. Periapical bone healing at the end of 6-months observation period was noted in 61 teeth (46%), regression of periapical bone lesions in 64 (49%) and no periapical healing in 6 (5%). The only difference in healing pattern, statistically significant on 0.1% level, was found in the group of teeth flushed with 5.0% sodium hypochlorite. At 3 month control they showed percentually less cases with regression and more cases with no healing of periapical bone lesions than the teeth in the other two groups. It was concluded that treatment in one sitting can be done routinely, irrespective of the initial status, in all those cases where no other treatment is possible. If the periodontium or the periapical bone are injured during cleansing procedures or if necrotic rests are not pressed out through the apical foramen, no complications after treatment need to be feared.

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Small-dose neuraxial block: heading toward the new millennium.
Journal: Anesthesia and analgesia
February/27/2000
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Response of murine DNA polymerases C and N to partial hepatectomy.
Journal: Journal of medicine
August/22/1976
Description

Two DNA polymerases, designated C and N have been characterized in extracts of murine spleen and liver (Evans et al. 1974). The effect of partial hepatectomy on the activity levels of these two enzymes was studied by gel filtration of crude extracts on Sephadex G-200. Both enzymes were observed to respond to the proliferation stimulus. Polymerase N activity reached maximum levels between 30 and 48 hours after hepatectomy. Polymerase C response was delayed until 30 hours and reached maximum values at 48-72 hours.

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Pubmed
Editorial: Prophylactic antibiotics: a problem or panacea?
Journal: Journal of oral surgery (American Dental Association : 1965)
August/31/1976
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Pubmed
[Chronic lead erythropathy].
Journal: La Nouvelle presse medicale
August/22/1976
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Observations on the ultrastructure, mode of infectivity and host range of xenosomes.
Journal: Tissue & cell
May/15/1979
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Cell membrane receptors in a case of human acute monocytic leukaemia.
Journal: Scandinavian journal of haematology
August/22/1976
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Pubmed
[Severe hypoglycemia induced by glibenclamide].
Journal: Lakartidningen
May/22/1979
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Pubmed
The nonkeratinocyte intraepithelial cell population in lichen planus. An ultrastructural characterization of cells in gingival lesions.
Journal: Oral surgery, oral medicine, and oral pathology
April/29/1976
Description

Lesions of gingival lichen planus were studied ultrastructurally to determine the types of cells, other than keratinocytes, present within the epithelial layer and the relationship of these cells to each other and to the keratinocytes. Cell types identified included small and medium-sized lymphocytes, macrophages, mast cells, and Langerhans cells. Some cells lacked sufficient specific features to permit definitive identification. The cells were found either singly or in groups. Generally, some alteration in the intercellular spaces between keratinocytes was apparent, even in regions where the mononuclear cells were absent or in the process of crossing the basal lamina. Most of the mononuclear cells had cytologic features which indicated that they were active cells. Occasionally lymphocytes appeared, on a morphologic basis, to be interacting with adjacent keratinocytes.

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[Proceedings: Home care in chronic respiratory insufficiency. Indications for the prescription of a home respirator, its various types and possibilities for use].
Journal: Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift
April/28/1976
Description

Justified doubts exist in regard to the effectiveness of a long term home care plan for patients with stable chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), especially when intermittent positive pressure breathing (IPPB) home care is advocated. Conclusive long term studies are lacking, however. In conjunction with all other possibilities offered by a well organized home care plan, IPPB still appears to be an appropriate therapeutic adjunct in the form of regular airway cleaning 3-6 times per day. This entails repeated inhalations of an aerosol with bronchodilator and surface active humidifier, frequently repeated mobilization of mucus and expectoration, deepening of tidal volume with increase of alveolar ventilation, and consequent amelioration of the arterial blood gases and pulmonary arteriolar resistance. Two simple home care respirators may be useful in carefully selected and cooperative patients with stable COLD and chronic respiratory failure: 1. the Fluidic-Assistor, which is automated, simple to use and sterilize, and inexpensive, but noisy and difficult to adjust for pressure and flow by the patient; 2. the Monaghan 515, which is automated, fully adjustable for pressure and flow by the patient, quiet and of pleasing design but difficult to handle and expensive. A preliminary study of the Minibird 2 with apneustic flow time regulation has been performed with five stable COLD patients. A positive end-inspiratory pressure of 20 cm H2O, an inspiratory time of 3+/-0.5 sec and an apneustic flow time of 1.5+/-0.5 sec were used. An 20 mm Hg fall in blood pressure and additional arterial hypoxemia seemed to be due to a decrease in cardiac output. Also, apneustic flow time did not significantly increase the FEV1 and is therefore not recommended for home care.

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Cortisol response in short synacthen tests.
Journal: Clinical endocrinology
May/11/2000
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Salivary proteins and the development of dental plaque.
Journal: Journal of dental research
July/5/1976
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Pubmed
Effects of specific immunization on dental caries in hamsters.
Journal: Journal of dental research
July/5/1976
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Pubmed
Community clinics as laboratories for practice management.
Journal: Journal of dental education
July/5/1976
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Searching for an intrinsic neuroendocrine cell in the kidney.
Journal: Pathology, research and practice
January/31/2000
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Pubmed
Enema reduction is safe and effective regardless of the duration of symptoms.
Journal: Pediatric surgery international
February/1/2000
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Laparoscopic Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty in children.
Journal: Pediatric surgery international
February/1/2000
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