Job satisfaction of healthcare providers is important for their own health and also the quality of care provided to their patients. The aim of our study was to measure the chronotype patterns among healthcare providers and its association with their job satisfaction. Using stratified cluster random sampling, we recruited 210 healthcare providers working permanent morning or evening shifts for a cross-sectional study in Sari, Iran. By in-person interview, we collected data on demographic characteristics and assessed both chronotype, using the Horne-Östberg M-E Questionnaire, and job satisfaction, using the Danet's Job Satisfaction Questionnaire. We grouped job satisfaction scores into four ordinal categories and assessed correlations with study variables by ordinal multivariate logistic regression. The average age of the participants was 39.0 (SD 8.02) years. Most were younger than 45 years of age (74.27%), female (66.67%), married (62.24%), of high income (45.71%), and employed in permanent full-time healthcare work (56.67%). Overall, 63.4% of the participants had moderately high to high job satisfaction. Those who worked the morning shift who were moderate morning and high morning chronotypes, compared to those who were intermediate chronotype, had a statistically significant adjusted odd ratio (AOR), respectively, of 11.36 and 6.53 of higher job satisfaction. Likewise, those who worked the evening shift and were moderate evening and high evening chronotype, compared to intermediate chronotype, had a statistically higher AOR of job satisfaction, respectively, 3.44 and 32.63. We found the match between chronotype and work shift schedule to be linked with increased job satisfaction. If the findings are verified in other investigations, the relatively easy measure of chronotype should be considered to assign people to a work shift to improve job satisfaction of healthcare and perhaps other workers.
Keywords: Circadian chronotype; healthcare workers; job satisfaction; morningness-eveningness; work shift schedule.