Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis: Insights into Pathogenesis, Assessment, and Treatment
Journal: 2021/October - Clinics
Chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis, or its most severe form, chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis, is an autoinflammatory bone disease that causes skeletal inflammation characterized by bone pain and swelling that primarily affects children. It is a diagnosis of exclusion and its clinical presentation may mimic underlying infectious processes and malignancy. Clinical suspicion for this diagnosis and timely referral to pediatric rheumatology is crucial to achieve earlier diagnosis, appropriate treatment, and improved quality of life of affected patients and families. This article focuses on recent insights into the pathogenesis of chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis and outlines recent advances and ongoing research.
Keywords: Autoinflammatory bone disease; Chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis; Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis.
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