Surgical treatment of high bleeding gastric ulcer.
Journal: 1989/February - Annales chirurgiae et gynaecologiae
ISSN: 0355-9521
PUBMED: 3207347
In the surgical treatment of 68 consecutive patients with benign, high, bleeding gastric ulcer between 1966 and 1981, the following operative procedures were used; high gastric resection in 31 (45.5%) cases, local ulcer excision with truncal vagotomy and pyloroplasty in 23 (33.8%), local ulcer excision with low gastric resection in 11 (16.2%) and a local procedure alone in three (4.5%) cases. Of these 68 operations, 40 (59%) were early elective operations and 28 (31%) acute or emergency operations. Altogether, six (8.9%) patients died postoperatively, all but one after acute or emergency operation. High gastric resection was the most risky operation and five of the six deaths were in this operative group. Nonfatal complications developed in 18 (26.4%) cases but without correlation to the timing or to the type of operation. Early rebleeding during the hospital stay necessitating reoperation occurred in three (4.4%) patients, two of these among the three cases operated on using a local procedure and without a definitive operation. During the follow-up five (7.3%) recurrent ulcers developed, four after local ulcer excision with truncal vagotomy and pyloroplasty and one after high gastric resection. It seems to us that in the treatment of patients with high gastric ulcer, local operation alone is never acceptable. High gastric resection is often technically hazardous with a high postoperative mortality rate. The best methods seemed to be local ulcer excision combinated with truncal vagotomy and pyloroplasty or, perhaps preferably, with low gastric resection.
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