Solid and papillary neoplasms of the pancreas, a rare tumor usually found in young female patients, seldom presents with metastasis since it is a tumor with low potential for malignancy. The prognosis for this lesion is much more favorable than that for other pancreatic neoplasms. In an attempt to understand the characteristics and prognosis of this lesion, we reviewed twenty cases treated at the Department of Surgery, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University from 1985 to 1994. The mean age of the patients was 25.6 years (range: 13 to 39 years), and 19 (95%) were women. Chief complaints were palpable mass (50%), pain (45%), and indigestion (5%). In laboratory studies, tumor markers, including CEA, CA125, CA19-9, and aFP were studied in eight patients, and found negative. Other laboratory findings were also nonspecific. These tumors may occur anywhere in the pancreas. In our studies, the tumor was most often located in the tail (45%), and the head (40%) of the pancreas. These were treated by distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy (55%), Whipple's operation (20%), pylorus preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (10%), enucleation (10%) or excision (5%). Significant morbidity or mortality was not observed during hospitalization, and no recurrence or malignant degeneration occurred during the mean follow-up period of 4 years (range: 1 month to 9 years). In conclusion, this study has suggested that the patients with a solid and papillary neoplasm of the pancreas have a good prognosis for successful treatment, if the disease is diagnosed early and the tumor is completely resected. A higher index of suspicion, and more aggressive diagnostic workups are needed in dealing with this disease entity.