Marginal structural models and causal inference in epidemiology.
Journal: 2001/January - Epidemiology
ISSN: 1044-3983
PUBMED: 10955408
Abstract:
In observational studies with exposures or treatments that vary over time, standard approaches for adjustment of confounding are biased when there exist time-dependent confounders that are also affected by previous treatment. This paper introduces marginal structural models, a new class of causal models that allow for improved adjustment of confounding in those situations. The parameters of a marginal structural model can be consistently estimated using a new class of estimators, the inverse-probability-of-treatment weighted estimators.
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