The pattern of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) RNAs expressed in Raji cells superinfected with P3HR1 EBV was examined. RNAs whose expression was of an immediate-early type (resistant to treatment of the cells with anisomycin) were identified. These RNAs, encoding the EBV reading frames BZLF1 and BRLF1, were probably expressed from defective virus within the P3HR1 preparation, and some of them were responsible for the induction of the EBV productive cycle in the Raji cells. The structures of the B95-8 RNAs equivalent to the anisomycin-resistant RNAs were determined. The RNA encoding the BZLF1 reading frame contained two splices which extended and modified the reading frame from that previously described.