CHIP is a chaperone-dependent E3 ligase that ubiquitylates unfolded protein.
Journal: 2002/March - EMBO Reports
ISSN: 1469-221X
Abstract:
The ubiquitin-proteasome system catalyses the immediate destruction of misfolded or impaired proteins generated in cells, but how this proteolytic machinery recognizes abnormality of cellular proteins for selective elimination remains elusive. Here, we report that the C-terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein (CHIP) with a U-box domain is an E3 ubiquitin-ligase collaborating with molecular chaperones Hsp90 and Hsc70. Thermally denatured firefly luciferase was multiubiquitylated by CHIP in the presence of E1 and E2 (Ubc4 or UbcH5c) in vitro, only when the unfolded substrate was captured by Hsp90 or Hsc70 and Hsp40. No ubiquitylating activity was detected in CHIP lacking the U-box region. CHIP efficiently ubiquitylated denatured luciferase trapped by the C-terminal region of Hsp90, which contains a CHIP binding site. CHIP also showed self-ubiquitylating activity independent of target ubiquitylation. Our results indicate that CHIP can be regarded as 'a quality-control E3' that selectively ubiquitylates unfolded protein(s) by collaborating with molecular chaperones.
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EMBO Rep 2(12): 1133-1138

CHIP is a chaperone-dependent E3 ligase that ubiquitylates unfolded protein

Department of Molecular Oncology, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science, and CREST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), 3–18–22 Honkomagome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8613, Department of Biochemistry, Oita Medical University, 1–1 Idaigaoka, Hasama-machi, Oita 879-5593 andShowa Gakuin Junior College, 2–17–1, Higashi-Sugano, Ichikawa, Chiba 272-0823, Japan
Corresponding author. Tel: +81 3 3823 2237; Fax: +81 3 3823 2237; E-mail: pj.ro.nekohsnir@kakanat
Received 2001 Aug 8; Revised 2001 Oct 1; Accepted 2001 Oct 17.

Abstract

The ubiquitin–proteasome system catalyses the immediate destruction of misfolded or impaired proteins generated in cells, but how this proteolytic machinery recognizes abnormality of cellular proteins for selective elimination remains elusive. Here, we report that the C-terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein (CHIP) with a U-box domain is an E3 ubiquitin-ligase collaborating with molecular chaperones Hsp90 and Hsc70. Thermally denatured firefly luciferase was multiubiquitylated by CHIP in the presence of E1 and E2 (Ubc4 or UbcH5c) in vitro, only when the unfolded substrate was captured by Hsp90 or Hsc70 and Hsp40. No ubiquitylating activity was detected in CHIP lacking the U-box region. CHIP efficiently ubiquitylated denatured luciferase trapped by the C-terminal region of Hsp90, which contains a CHIP binding site. CHIP also showed self-ubiquitylating activity independent of target ubiquitylation. Our results indicate that CHIP can be regarded as ‘a quality-control E3’ that selectively ubiquitylates unfolded protein(s) by collaborating with molecular chaperones.

Abstract

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