[Assessment of Heavy Metal Pollution in Soil and Its Bioaccumulation by Dominant Plants in a Lead-Zinc Mining Area, Nanjing].
Journal: 2018/July - Huanjing Kexue/Environmental Science
ISSN: 0250-3301
To identify plants with potential application in phytoremediation, the concentration of cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) in soil and 14 dominant plants sampled from a lead-zinc mining area in Nanjing City was measured. Furthermore, the heavy metal contamination of soil, and bioaccumulation and translocation of the 6 heavy metals by the 14 plants were evaluated. The results showed that the principal contaminants were Cd, Mn, Zn, and Pb, and their single factor pollution index was 45.71, 11.68, 10.40, and 4.46, respectively. Furthermore, the Nemerow index of this area was 33.45, which indicated that the mining area was severely polluted. All the 14 dominant plant species were metal-tolerant, although the concentration of metal varied between different spices. Among them, Pteris multifida and Trachelospermum jasminoides significantly accumulated the heavy metals. The concentration of Zn in all the dominant plants was beyond the normal range; however, the bio-concentration factor (BCF) of only Digitaria sanguinalis for Zn was>1, while the BCF of the remaining species for the 6 heavy metals was<1. Furthermore, the heavy metal bio-transfer factor (BTF) of the 14 species was generally high. The BTF of Helianthus tuberosus and Dendranthema indicum for the 6 heavy metals was>1. According to the mechanism of heavy metal accumulation, the 14 plant species were classified into 3 types:accumulators (H. tuberosus, D. indicum, Phytolacca americana, Justicia procumbens, D. sanguinalis, Sonchus brachyotus, Solanum nigrum, and Setaria viridis), root compartment (P. multifida and T. jasminoides), and excluders (Solidago decurrens, Duchesnea indica, Carex breviculmis, and Cyrtomium fortunei).
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